deprecate vs reprobate what difference

what is difference between deprecate and reprobate

English

Etymology

From Latin dēprecātus, past participle of dēprecārī (to pray against (a present or impending evil), pray for, intercede for (that which is in danger), rarely imprecate), from (off) + precārī (to pray).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈdɛpɹɪkeɪt/, /ˈdɛpɹəkeɪt/
  • Hyphenation: dep‧re‧cate

Verb

deprecate (third-person singular simple present deprecates, present participle deprecating, simple past and past participle deprecated)

  1. (transitive) To belittle or express disapproval of.
  2. (transitive, chiefly computing) To declare something obsolescent; to recommend against a function, technique, command, etc. that still works but has been replaced.
    • 2003, Dave Evans et al., Perl, CGI, and JavaScript Complete, Sybex, →ISBN
      A deprecated function works in the currently released version of Perl 5 but may not be supported in future releases of Perl 5.
  3. (archaic, transitive) To pray against.
    • 1701, Nehemiah Grew, Cosmologia Sacra, London: W. Rogers, S. Smith, and B. Walford, page 126:
      And in deprecating of Evil, we make an humble Acknowledgement of Guilt; and of God’s Juſtice in chaſtizing, as well as Clemency, in ſparing the Guilty.
    • 1712, George Smalridge, “A Sermon, Preach’d at the Royal Chapel at St. James’s on Wedneſday, January the 16th, 1711/12”, London: Jonah Bowyer, page 18:
      [] , though the Temporal Judgments which We Deprecate, are not remov’d.
  4. (archaic, transitive) To regret deeply.

Usage notes

  • Do not confuse with depreciate (decline in value / disparage), despite the fact that AHD4 states that deprecate has almost completely supplanted depreciate, which is sometimes condemned as a confusion of two different words.

Derived terms

  • self-deprecating

Related terms

  • deprecation

See also

  • discontinue

Translations

Further reading

  • deprecate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • deprecate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • deprecate at OneLook Dictionary Search

Italian

Verb

deprecate

  1. second-person plural present and imperative of deprecare

Latin

Verb

dēprecāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of dēprecō


English

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Latin reprobatus (disapproved, rejected, condemned), past participle of reprobare.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹɛpɹəbət/

Adjective

reprobate (comparative more reprobate, superlative most reprobate)

  1. (rare) Rejected; cast off as worthless.
    • Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the Lord hath rejected them.
  2. Rejected by God; damned, sinful.
  3. Immoral, having no religious or principled character.
    The reprobate criminal sneered at me.
Translations

Noun

reprobate (plural reprobates)

  1. One rejected by God; a sinful person.
  2. An individual with low morals or principles.
    • c. 1603, Walter Raleigh, Apology for the Voyage to Guiana
      I acknowledge myself for a reprobate, a villain, a traitor to the king.
    • 1920, Herman Cyril McNeile, Bulldog Drummond Chapter 1
      “Good morning, Mrs. Denny,” he said. “Wherefore this worried look on your face? Has that reprobate James been misbehaving himself?”
Related terms
  • depraved
Translations

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Latin reprobare, reprobatus. Doublet of reprove.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹɛpɹəbeɪt/

Verb

reprobate (third-person singular simple present reprobates, present participle reprobating, simple past and past participle reprobated)

  1. To have strong disapproval of something; to reprove; to condemn.
  2. Of God: to abandon or reject, to deny eternal bliss.
  3. To refuse, set aside.
Translations

Anagrams

  • perborate

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /re.proˈbaː.te/, [ɾɛpɾɔˈbäːt̪ɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /re.proˈba.te/, [rɛprɔˈbɑːt̪ɛ]

Verb

reprobāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of reprobō

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