deprecate vs vilipend what difference

what is difference between deprecate and vilipend

English

Etymology

From Latin dēprecātus, past participle of dēprecārī (to pray against (a present or impending evil), pray for, intercede for (that which is in danger), rarely imprecate), from (off) + precārī (to pray).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈdɛpɹɪkeɪt/, /ˈdɛpɹəkeɪt/
  • Hyphenation: dep‧re‧cate

Verb

deprecate (third-person singular simple present deprecates, present participle deprecating, simple past and past participle deprecated)

  1. (transitive) To belittle or express disapproval of.
  2. (transitive, chiefly computing) To declare something obsolescent; to recommend against a function, technique, command, etc. that still works but has been replaced.
    • 2003, Dave Evans et al., Perl, CGI, and JavaScript Complete, Sybex, →ISBN
      A deprecated function works in the currently released version of Perl 5 but may not be supported in future releases of Perl 5.
  3. (archaic, transitive) To pray against.
    • 1701, Nehemiah Grew, Cosmologia Sacra, London: W. Rogers, S. Smith, and B. Walford, page 126:
      And in deprecating of Evil, we make an humble Acknowledgement of Guilt; and of God’s Juſtice in chaſtizing, as well as Clemency, in ſparing the Guilty.
    • 1712, George Smalridge, “A Sermon, Preach’d at the Royal Chapel at St. James’s on Wedneſday, January the 16th, 1711/12”, London: Jonah Bowyer, page 18:
      [] , though the Temporal Judgments which We Deprecate, are not remov’d.
  4. (archaic, transitive) To regret deeply.

Usage notes

  • Do not confuse with depreciate (decline in value / disparage), despite the fact that AHD4 states that deprecate has almost completely supplanted depreciate, which is sometimes condemned as a confusion of two different words.

Derived terms

  • self-deprecating

Related terms

  • deprecation

See also

  • discontinue

Translations

Further reading

  • deprecate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • deprecate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • deprecate at OneLook Dictionary Search

Italian

Verb

deprecate

  1. second-person plural present and imperative of deprecare

Latin

Verb

dēprecāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of dēprecō


English

Etymology

From Middle English vilipenden (to treat (something) as contemptible) [and other forms], from Old French vilipender (modern French vilipender (to condemn, despise, revile, scorn, vilipend, vilify)), or its etymon Latin vilipendō, from vīlis (cheap, inexpensive; base, mean, vile, worthless) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wes- (to buy, sell)) + pendō (to hang, suspend; to weigh, weigh out; (figuratively) to consider, ponder) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pend- (to stretch)). The English word is cognate with Italian vilipendere (to despise, scorn, vilipend), Portuguese vilipendiar (to vilify), Spanish vilipendiar (to vilify).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈvɪlɪpɛnd/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈvɪləˌpɛnd/
  • Hyphenation: vi‧li‧pend

Verb

vilipend (third-person singular simple present vilipends, present participle vilipending, simple past and past participle vilipended)

  1. (transitive, dated, formal) To treat (something) as inconsequential or worthless; to despise, to look down on.
    Synonyms: belittle, contemn, misprize, slight
  2. (transitive, dated, formal) To express a disparaging opinion of; to slander or vilify.
    Synonyms: abuse, disparage, derogate; see also Thesaurus:defame
    • 1853, July 10. “Evil Birds”, The Colonist (Nelson, New Zealand): page 4:
      But we desire, most unhesitatingly to condemn and vilipend a system of continual abuse, intended to fall upon the provincial Government, but in reality reaching and injuring the public at large.
    • 1917, O. W. Firkins, The Nation, The Nation Company, page 176:
      But, for all their feint of nonchalance, these young persons have no other task in life but to explain and extol their own conduct and to vilipend their critics and opponents.

Conjugation

Derived terms

  • vilipended (adjective)
  • vilipender
  • vilipending (adjective, noun)

Related terms

  • vilification
  • vilifier
  • vilify

Translations

References


Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial