Depression vs Oppression what difference

what is difference between Depression and Oppression

English

Etymology

From Old French depression, from Latin depressio.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dɪˈpɹɛʃən/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /dəˈpɹɛʃ(ə)n/
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃən
  • Hyphenation: de‧pres‧sion

Noun

depression (countable and uncountable, plural depressions)

  1. (psychology) In psychotherapy and psychiatry, a state of mind producing serious, long-term lowering of enjoyment of life or inability to visualize a happy future.
  2. (geography) An area that is lower in topography than its surroundings.
  3. (psychology) In psychotherapy and psychiatry, a period of unhappiness or low morale which lasts longer than several weeks and may include ideation of self-inflicted injury or suicide.
  4. (meteorology) An area of lowered air pressure that generally brings moist weather, sometimes promoting hurricanes and tornadoes.
  5. (economics) A period of major economic contraction.
  6. (economics, US) Four consecutive quarters of negative, real GDP growth. See NBER.
  7. The act of lowering or pressing something down.
    Depression of the lever starts the machine.
  8. (biology, physiology) A lowering, in particular a reduction in a particular biological variable or the function of an organ, in contrast to elevation.

Related terms

  • depress
  • depressant
  • depressing
  • depressive

Translations

See also

  • downturn

Further reading

  • National Bureau of Economic Research on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

References

  • depression at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • depression in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • depression in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • opensiders, personised, sideperson

Danish

Noun

depression c (singular definite depressionen, plural indefinite depressioner)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Declension

Further reading

  • “depression” in Den Danske Ordbog

Finnish

Noun

depression

  1. Genitive singular form of depressio.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

depression c

  1. depression (all meanings).

Declension


English

Etymology

From Middle English oppression, from Old French oppression, from Latin oppressiō (a pressing down, violence, oppression), from opprimō; see oppress.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /əˈpɹɛʃən/
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃən
  • Hyphenation: op‧pres‧sion

Noun

oppression (countable and uncountable, plural oppressions)

  1. The exercise of authority or power in a burdensome, cruel, or unjust manner.
    • Oh, by what plots, by what forswearings, betrayings, oppressions, imprisonments, tortures, poisonings, and under what reasons of state and politic subtilty, have these forenamed kings [] pulled the vengeance of God upon themselves []
  2. The act of oppressing, or the state of being oppressed.
  3. A feeling of being oppressed.

Related terms

  • oppress

Translations

Further reading

  • oppression in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • oppression in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

French

Etymology

From Latin oppressiō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɔ.pʁɛ.sjɔ̃/

Noun

oppression f (plural oppressions)

  1. oppression
  2. (Louisiana) asthma

Further reading

  • “oppression” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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