derail vs jump what difference

what is difference between derail and jump

English

Etymology

From French dérailler (to go off the rails).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dəˈɹeɪl/, /ˌdiːˈɹeɪl/
  • Rhymes: -eɪl

Noun

derail (plural derails)

  1. A device placed on railway tracks causing a train to derail.
    The derail was placed deliberately so that the train would fall into the river.
  2. An instance of diverting a conversation or debate from its original topic.

Verb

derail (third-person singular simple present derails, present participle derailing, simple past and past participle derailed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to come off the tracks.
  2. (intransitive) To come off the tracks.
  3. (intransitive, figuratively) To deviate from the previous course or direction.
  4. (transitive, figuratively) To cause to deviate from a set course or direction.

Quotations

  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:derail.

Synonyms

  • unrail

Derived terms

  • derailment

Translations

Anagrams

  • Adriel, Dariel, Lérida, dialer, earlid, laired, railed, re-laid, redial, relaid


English

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) enPR: jŭmp, IPA(key): /dʒʌmp/, [d͡ʒʌmp]
  • Rhymes: -ʌmp

Etymology 1

From Middle English jumpen (to walk quickly, run, jump), probably of Middle Low German or North Germanic origin, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *gempaną, *gembaną (to hop, skip, jump), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰemb- (to spring, hop, jump). The OED instead suggests an imitative origin. Related to jumble.

Verb

jump (third-person singular simple present jumps, present participle jumping, simple past and past participle jumped)

  1. (intransitive) To propel oneself rapidly upward, downward and/or in any horizontal direction such that momentum causes the body to become airborne.
  2. (intransitive) To cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall downward.
  3. (transitive) To pass by a spring or leap; to overleap.
  4. (intransitive) To employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  5. (intransitive) To react to a sudden, often unexpected, stimulus (such as a sharp prick or a loud sound) by jerking the body violently.
  6. (intransitive, figuratively) To increase sharply, to rise, to shoot up.
  7. (intransitive) To employ a move in certain board games where one game piece is moved from one legal position to another passing over the position of another piece.
  8. (transitive) To move to a position (in a queue/line) that is further forward.
  9. (transitive) To attack suddenly and violently.
  10. (transitive, slang) To engage in sexual intercourse with (a person).
    Harold: How is Sarah? I don’t want to jump her while she’s on the rag.
    – From the motion picture The Big Chill.
  11. (transitive) To cause to jump.
  12. (transitive) To move the distance between two opposing subjects.
  13. (transitive) To increase the height of a tower crane by inserting a section at the base of the tower and jacking up everything above it.
  14. (cycling, intransitive) To increase speed aggressively and without warning.
  15. (transitive, obsolete) To expose to danger; to risk; to hazard.
  16. (transitive, smithwork) To join by a buttweld.
  17. To thicken or enlarge by endwise blows; to upset.
  18. (quarrying) To bore with a jumper.
  19. (obsolete) To coincide; to agree; to accord; to tally; followed by with.
  20. (intransitive, programming) To start executing code from a different location, rather than following the program counter.
  21. (intransitive, slang, archaic) To flee; to make one’s escape.
Synonyms
  • (propel oneself upwards): leap, spring
  • (cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall): jump down, jump off
  • (employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location): skydive
  • (react to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body violently): flinch, jerk, jump out of one’s skin, leap out of one’s skin, twitch
  • (move to a position in a queue/line): skip
  • (attack suddenly and violently): ambush, assail; see also Thesaurus:attack
  • (engage in sexual intercourse): hump, jump someone’s bones; see also Thesaurus:copulate with
  • (bore with a jumper): see also Thesaurus:make a hole
  • (make one’s escape): beat it, rabbit, take off; see also Thesaurus:flee
Derived terms

See also jumped, jamp, jumper and jumping

Translations

Noun

jump (plural jumps)

  1. The act of jumping; a leap; a spring; a bound.
    • To advance by jumps.
  2. An effort; an attempt; a venture.
  3. (mining) A dislocation in a stratum; a fault.
  4. (architecture) An abrupt interruption of level in a piece of brickwork or masonry.
  5. An instance of propelling oneself upwards.
  6. An object which causes one to jump, a ramp.
  7. An instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location.
  8. An instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  9. An instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body.
  10. A jumping move in a board game.
  11. A button (of a joypad, joystick or similar device) used to make a video game character jump (propel itself upwards).
  12. (sports, equestrianism) An obstacle that forms part of a showjumping course, and that the horse has to jump over cleanly.
  13. (with on) An early start or an advantage.
  14. (mathematics) A discontinuity in the graph of a function, where the function is continuous in a punctured interval of the discontinuity.
  15. (hydrodynamics) An abrupt increase in the height of the surface of a flowing liquid at the location where the flow transitions from supercritical to subcritical, involving an abrupt reduction in flow speed and increase in turbulence.
  16. (science fiction) An instance of faster-than-light travel, not observable from ordinary space.
  17. (programming) A change of the path of execution to a different location.
  18. (US, informal, automotive) Short for jump-start.
  19. (film) Clipping of jump cut.
  20. (theater) Synonym of one-night stand (single evening’s performance)
    • 1950, Billboard (23 December 1950, page 36)
      Next jump will be at the Chicago Theater, Chicago.
Quotations
  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:jump.
Synonyms
  • (instance of propelling oneself into the air): leap
  • (instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location):
  • (instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location):
  • (instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body): flinch, jerk, twitch
Derived terms
Translations

Adverb

jump (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) exactly; precisely
Synonyms
  • accurately, just, slap bang; see also Thesaurus:exactly

Adjective

jump (comparative more jump, superlative most jump)

  1. (obsolete) Exact; matched; fitting; precise.
    • 1640, Ben Jonson, An Execration Upon Vulcan
      jump names

References

Etymology 2

Compare French jupe (a long petticoat, a skirt) and English jupon.

Noun

jump (plural jumps)

  1. A kind of loose jacket for men.
Related terms
  • jumper
  • jumps

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