derive vs infer what difference

what is difference between derive and infer

English

Etymology

From Middle English deriven, from Old French deriver, from Latin dērīvō (to lead, turn, or draw off (a liquid), draw off, derive), from (away) + rīvus (a stream); see rival.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dəˈɹaɪv/

Verb

derive (third-person singular simple present derives, present participle deriving, simple past and past participle derived)

  1. (transitive) To obtain or receive (something) from something else.
  2. (transitive, logic) To deduce (a conclusion) by reasoning.
  3. (transitive, linguistics) To find the derivation of (a word or phrase).
  4. (transitive, chemistry) To create (a compound) from another by means of a reaction.
  5. (intransitive) To originate or stem (from).
  6. To turn the course of (water, etc.); to divert and distribute into subordinate channels.
    • Book 33
      For fear it [water] choke up the pits [] they [the workman] deriue it by other drains.

Derived terms

  • derivation
  • derivative

Translations

Further reading

  • derive in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • derive in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • drivee, reived, revied, rieved

Asturian

Verb

derive

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of derivar

Italian

Noun

derive f pl

  1. plural of deriva

Anagrams

  • rideve, rivede, vedrei

Portuguese

Verb

derive

  1. inflection of derivar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. first/third-person singular imperative

Spanish

Verb

derive

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of derivar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of derivar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of derivar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of derivar.


English

Etymology

From Latin inferō, from Latin in- (in, at, on; into) + Latin ferō (bear, carry; suffer) (cognate to Old English beran, whence English bear), from Proto-Italic *ferō, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰéreti (to bear, carry), from the root *bʰer-. Literally “carry forward”, equivalent to “bear in”, as in concluding from a premise.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɪnˈfɝ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɪnˈfɜː/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)

Verb

infer (third-person singular simple present infers, present participle inferring, simple past and past participle inferred)

  1. (transitive) To introduce (something) as a reasoned conclusion; to conclude by reasoning or deduction, as from premises or evidence. [from 16th c.]
    • 2010, “Keep calm, but don’t carry on”, The Economist, 7 Oct 2010:
      It is dangerous to infer too much from martial bluster in British politics: at the first hint of trouble, channelling Churchill is a default tactic for beleaguered leaders of all sorts.
  2. (transitive) To lead to (something) as a consequence; to imply. (Now often considered incorrect, especially with a person as subject.) [from 16th c.]
    • a. 1535, Thomas More, letter to Fryth
      the fyrste parte is not the proofe of the second. but rather contrarywyse the seconde inferreth well yͤ fyrst.
  3. (obsolete) To cause, inflict (something) upon or to someone. [16th-18th c.]
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, VI.8:
      faire Serena [] fled fast away, afeard / Of villany to be to her inferd [].
  4. (obsolete) To introduce (a subject) in speaking, writing etc.; to bring in. [16th–18th c.]

Usage notes

There are two ways in which the word “infer” is sometimes used as if it meant “imply”. “Implication” is done by a person when making a “statement”, whereas “inference” is done to a proposition after it had already been made or assumed. Secondly, the word “infer” can sometimes be used to mean “allude” or “express” in a suggestive manner rather than as a direct “statement”. Using the word “infer” in this sense is now generally considered incorrect. [1] [2]

Synonyms

  • assume, conclude, deduce, educe, construe

Related terms

  • inferable
  • inference
  • illative
  • illation
  • -ferous (-iferous)

Translations

Anagrams

  • -frine, Finer, finer, frine

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈin.fer/, [ˈĩːfɛɾ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈin.fer/, [ˈinfɛr]

Verb

īnfer

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of īnferō

References

  • infer in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • infer in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

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