despoil vs rape what difference

what is difference between despoil and rape

English

Etymology

From Middle English despoylen, dispoylen, from Old French despoillier ( > French dépouiller), from Latin dēspoliō, dēspoliāre.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dɪˈspɔɪl/
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪl

Verb

despoil (third-person singular simple present despoils, present participle despoiling, simple past and past participle despoiled)

  1. (transitive) To plunder; to pillage; take spoil from.
    • 1849, Thomas Macaulay, History of England, Chapter 20:
      a law which restored to them an immense domain of which they had been despoiled
    • 1859, George Meredith, The Ordeal of Richard Feverel, Chapter 5:
      Ripton was familiar with the rod, a monster much despoiled of his terrors by intimacy.
    • 2010, The Economist, 17 July, p.53:
      To dreamers in the West, Tibet is a Shangri-La despoiled by Chinese ruthlessness and rapacity.
  2. (transitive) To violently strip (someone), with indirect object of their possessions etc.; to rob.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 9, 410-11:
      To intercept thy way, or send thee back / Despoiled of innocence, of faith, of bliss.
    • 1849, Thomas Macaulay, History of England, Chapter 20:
      A law which restored to them an immense domain of which they had been despoiled.
  3. (obsolete, transitive or reflexive) To strip (someone) of their clothes; to undress.

Related terms

  • despoiler
  • despoilment
  • despoliation
  • spoliate
  • spoliation

Translations

Noun

despoil (plural despoils)

  1. (obsolete) Plunder; spoliation.

References

  • despoil in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • despoil in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Anagrams

  • diploes, diploës, dipoles, elopids, peloids, soliped, spoiled


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɹeɪp/
  • Rhymes: -eɪp

Etymology 1

From Middle English rapen, rappen (to abduct; ravish; seduce; rape; seize; snatch; carry off; transport), probably from Latin rapere (verb), possibly through or influenced by Anglo-Norman rap, rape (noun) (compare also ravish). But compare Swedish rappa (to snatch, seize, carry off), Low German rapen (to snatch, seize), Dutch rapen (to pick up, gather, collect); the relationship with Germanic forms is not clear. Cognate with Lithuanian reikėti (to be in need). Compare also rap (seize, snatch).

Noun

rape (countable and uncountable, plural rapes)

  1. (now rare) The taking of something by force; seizure, plunder. [from early 14th c.]
    • 1638 George Sandys, A Paraphrase upon Job (Chapter XXII)
      Ruin’d orphans of thy rapes complain.
    • 1712, Alexander Pope, The Rape of the Lock
    • 1959, Dorothy Parker, “Ellery Queen: The New York Murders” (in The Portable Dorothy Parker, 1976, New York: Penguin, p. 566-8):
      Ellery Queen deals entirely in murders; you are not fobbed off, as you are with Mr. Leslie Charteris’s Saint, with pablum about the rape of the dowager’s emeralds, or the theft of the blueprint of the newest submarine.
    • 1977, JRR Tolkien, The Silmarillion:
      Few of the Teleri were willing to go forth to war, for they remembered the slaying at the Swanhaven, and the rape of their ships.
  2. (now archaic) The abduction of a woman, especially for sexual purposes. [from 15th c.]
    • c. 1590, William Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus, First Folio 1623, I.1:
      Sat. Traytor, if Rome haue law, or we haue power,
      Thou and thy Faction shall repent this Rape.
      Bass. Rape call you it my Lord, to cease my owne,
      My true betrothed Loue, and now my wife?
    • 2000, Mary Beard, The Guardian, 8 Sep 2000:
      The tale of the rape of Lucretia, for example, is hardly tellable – as many Roman writers themselves discovered – without raising the question of where seduction ends and rape begins; the rape of the Sabines puts a similar question mark over the distinction between rape and marriage.
  3. The act of forcing sexual intercourse upon another person without their consent or against their will; originally coitus forced by a man on a woman, but now generally any sex act forced by any person upon another person; by extension, any non-consensual sex act forced on or perpetrated by any being. [from 15th c.]
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, II:
      I fled; but he pursued (though more, it seems,
      Inflamed with lust than rage), and, swifter far,
      Me overtook, his mother, all dismayed,
      And, in embraces forcible and foul
      Engendering with me, of that rape begot
      These yelling monsters []
    • 1990, ‘Turning Victims into Saints’, Time, 22 Jan 1990:
      Last April the media world exploded in indignation at the rape and beating of a jogger in Central Park.
    • 2013, William Butler Yeats, The Collected Works of W.B. Yeats Volume XIII: A Vision: The Original 1925 Version, Simon and Schuster (→ISBN):
      Castor and Pollux are one set of twins birthed by Leda after her rape by Zeus in swan form; []
    • For quotations using this term, see Citations:rape.
  4. (obsolete) That which is snatched away.
    • 1636, George Sandys, Paraphrase upon the Psalms and Hymns dispersed throughout the Old and New Testaments
      Where now are all my hopes? O, never more.
      Shall they revive! nor death her rapes restore.
  5. (obsolete) Movement, as in snatching; haste; hurry.
  6. (slang) Overpowerment; utter defeat.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

rape (third-person singular simple present rapes, present participle raping, simple past and past participle raped)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To seize by force. (Now often with overtones of later senses.) [from late 14th c.]
    • 1978, Gore Vidal, Kalki:
      Dr Ashok’s eyes had a tendency to pop whenever he wanted to rape your attention.
    • 1983, Alasdair Gray, ‘Logopandocy’, Canongate 2012 (Every Short Story 1951-2012), p. 136:
      It is six years since my just action to reclaim the armaments raped from here by the Lairds of Dalgetty and Tolly [] .
  2. (transitive) To carry (someone, especially a woman) off against their will, especially for sex; to abduct. [from 15th c.]
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.10:
      Paridell rapeth Hellenore:
      Malbecco her pursewes:
      Findes emongst Satyres, whence with him
      To turne she doth refuse.
    • 1718, Alexander Pope, translating Homer, The Iliad:
      A Princess rap’d transcends a Navy storm’d.
  3. (chiefly transitive) To force sexual intercourse or other sexual activity upon (someone) without their consent. [from 16th c.]
    • 2007, Kunda: The Story of a Child Soldier →ISBN, page 51:
      “They taught us nothing but how to cheat, curse and abuse. I never killed in cold blood even if I was known as one of the most fearless fighters. Yes, I abducted several children, I robbed and beat, but I never raped.”
  4. (transitive) To plunder, to destroy or despoil. [from 17th c.]
    • 1892, Rudyard Kipling, Barrack-Room Ballads:
      I raped your richest roadstead—I plundered Singapore!
  5. (US slang, chiefly Internet) To overpower, destroy (someone); to trounce. [from 20th c.]
Synonyms
  • (seize): theft, thievery
  • (force sexual intercourse): ravish, violate, vitiate
  • (abuse): plunder, despoil
Derived terms
  • frape
  • I’ve been raped
  • rapable, rapeable
  • rapist
  • rapt
  • rerape
Translations

Further reading

  • rape on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Etymology 2

Generally considered to derive from Old English rāp (rope), in reference to the ropes used to delineate the courts that ruled each rape. Compare Dutch reep and the parish of Rope, Cheshire.

In the 18th century, Edward Lye proposed derivation from Old Norse hreppr (tract of land), but this was rejected by the New English Dictionary and is considered “phonologically impossible” by the English Place-Name Society. Others, considering it improbable that the Normans would have adopted a local word, suggest derivation from Old French raper (take by force).

See Wikipedia for more.

Noun

rape (plural rapes)

  1. (now historical) One of the six former administrative divisions of Sussex, England. [from 11th c.]
    • 1888 March 20, Henry H. Howorth, in a letter to The Archaeological Review, volume 1 (March–August 1888), page 230:
      It seems to me very clear that the rapes of Sussex were divisions already existing there when the Normans landed.

See also

  • hundred
  • wapentake

Further reading

  • Rape (county subdivision) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Etymology 3

From Middle English rapen, from Old Norse hrapa (to fall, rush headlong, hurry, hasten), from Proto-Germanic *hrapaną (to fall down). Cognate with Norwegian rapa (to slip, fall), Danish rappe (to make haste), German rappeln (to hasten, hurry).

Verb

rape (third-person singular simple present rapes, present participle raping, simple past and past participle raped)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive or reflexive) To make haste; to hasten or hurry. [14th-16th c.]

Noun

rape (plural rapes)

  1. (obsolete) Haste; precipitancy; a precipitate course. [14th-17th c.]
    • c. 1390, Geoffrey Chaucer, Wordes Unto Adam:
      So ofte a-daye I mot thy werk renewe, It to correcte and eek to rubbe and scrape; And al is thorugh thy negligence and rape.

Adverb

rape (comparative more rape, superlative most rape)

  1. (obsolete) Quickly; hastily. [14th-19th c.]

Etymology 4

From Latin rapa, from rāpum (turnip).

Noun

rape (plural rape)

  1. Synonym of rapeseed, Brassica napus. [late 14th c.]

Etymology 5

From Middle English rape, from rape (grape stalk, rasper), from Old French raper, rasper (to rasp, scratch), from Old Frankish *raspōn (to scratch), related to Old High German raspōn (to scrape), Old English ġehrespan (to strip, spoil).

Noun

rape (countable and uncountable, plural rapes)

  1. The stalks and husks of grapes from which the must has been expressed in winemaking.
  2. A filter containing the stalks and husks of grapes, used for clarifying wine, vinegar, etc.
  3. (obsolete) Fruit plucked in a bunch.
    • 1682, John Ray, Methodus Plantarum Nova
      rape of Cistus
Quotations
  • 1971, Bulletin of the European Communities:
    With regard to this obligation, the Council, on 26 October 1971[,] also arranged for certain producers to be totally or partially exempted from it, either because their wine production is very low (less than 50 hectolitres in one marketing year), or because they deliver their rapes of grapes to oenological merchants, or because they make quality wines []
Translations

References

Anagrams

  • Earp, Pera, aper, pare, pear, prae-, præ-, reap

Afrikaans

Noun

rape

  1. plural of raap

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈraː.pə/

Verb

rape

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of rapen

Anagrams

  • pare

Guaraní

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɾa.ˈpe/

Noun

rape

  1. dependent form of tape

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈra.pe/
  • Hyphenation: rà‧pe
  • Rhymes: -ape

Noun

rape f

  1. plural of rapa

Anagrams

  • apre, arpe, pare, pera

Latin

Verb

rape

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of rapiō

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

Imitative, related to Old Norse ropa. Compare Danish ræbe, Icelandic ropa.

Verb

rape (imperative rap, present tense raper, simple past rapa or rapet or rapte, past participle rapa or rapet or rapt, present participle rapende)

  1. To belch or burp.

References

  • “rape” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: ra‧pe
  • Rhymes: -api, -apɨ

Verb

rape

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of rapar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of rapar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of rapar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of rapar

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈrape/, [ˈra.pe]

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Catalan rap (monkfish), possibly from Latin rāpum (turnip).

Noun

rape m (plural rapes)

  1. monkfish
    Synonym: pejesapo
Derived terms
  • al rape
  • rape común

Etymology 2

From rapar.

Noun

rape m (plural rapes)

  1. shaving, hair crop

Verb

rape

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of rapar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of rapar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of rapar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of rapar.

Further reading

  • “rape” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Anagrams

  • rapé
  • pera
  • pare
  • paré

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial