digitalis vs foxglove what difference

what is difference between digitalis and foxglove

English

Etymology

Modern Latin, from Latin digitālis (of the fingers) (named in reference to the German common name for the plant, Fingerhut (thimble)). Doublet of digital.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɪdʒɪˈtɑːlɪs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /dɪdʒɪˈtælɪs/, /dɪdʒɪˈteɪlɪs/

Noun

digitalis (countable and uncountable, plural digitalises)

  1. Any plant of the genus Digitalis (herbaceous plants of the Plantaginaceae family, including the foxglove, Digitalis purpurea).
    • 1834, James Moore, Gardens of the Misses Garnier in The Gardener’s Magazine, and Register of Rural & Domestic Improvement, volume 19 (1834), page 210
      11. Delphiniums and digitalises.
    • 1836, Joseph Harrison, The Floricultural Cabinet, and Florists’ Magazine, volume 4, page 133:
      At the Medico-Botanical Society on Tuesday, Dr. Morries, made some some observations on opium, digitales, conium, and hyoscyamus, and exhibited specimens of oils obtained from the latter plants.
    • 1903, American Florist, volume 19, page 555:
      Polemoniums of various species, aubretias, dwarf phloxes, delphiniums, digitalises, gerums, erigerons and a number of other things have bloomed a second time []
  2. A medical extract of Digitalis purpurea prescribed for heart failure etc.
    • 1940, Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, Penguin 2010, p. 188:
      ‘You very nearly died. I had to give you digitalis three times.’
    • 2001, Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford 2001, p. 25:
      The ancient remedy digitalis, extracted from the foxglove plant, for example, acts by blocking sodium channels in heart muscle, preventing potentially dangerous overactivity.

Translations

References

  • “digitalis”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Finnish

Noun

digitalis

  1. digitalis (medical extract)

Declension


Latin

Etymology

digitus (finger, toe) +‎ -ālis.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /di.ɡiˈtaː.lis/, [d̪ɪɡɪˈt̪äːlʲɪs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /di.d͡ʒiˈta.lis/, [d̪id͡ʒiˈt̪ɑːlis]

Adjective

digitālis (neuter digitāle); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. Of or belonging to the finger

Declension

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Related terms

Descendants

References

  • digitalis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • digitalis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • digitalis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette


English

Alternative forms

  • fox-glove

Etymology

From Middle English fox-glove, foxes glove, from Old English foxes glōfa (foxglove), surface analysis as fox +‎ glove.

Noun

foxglove (plural foxgloves)

  1. Digitalis, a genus of about 20 species of herbaceous biennials native to the Old World, certain of which are prized for their showy flowers. The drug digitalis or digoxin was first isolated from the plant.
    • 1908, Beatrix Potter, The Tale of Jemima Puddle-Duck, New York: Frederick Warne & Co., [1]
      Jemima alighted rather heavily, and began to waddle about in search of a convenient dry nesting-place. She rather fancied a tree-stump amongst some tall fox-gloves.

Derived terms

  • big-flowered foxglove (Digitalis grandiflora)
  • Canary Island foxglove (Digitalis canariensis)
  • Chinese foxglove (Rehmannia elata, Rehmannia glutinosa)
  • ciliate foxglove (Digitalis ciliata)
  • common foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
  • desert foxglove (Eremophila platythamnos)
  • downy falseglove (Gerardia virginica)
  • fairy foxglove (Erinus alpinus)
  • false foxgloves (Agalinis spp., Aureolaria spp.)
  • fingerhut foxglove (Digitalis thapsi)
  • foxglove aphid (Acyrthosiphon solani)
  • foxglove beardtongue (Penstemon cobaea, Penstemon digitalis)
  • foxglove penstemon (Penstemon cobaea, Penstemon digitalis)
  • foxglove pug (Eupithecia pulchellata)
  • giraffe foxglove (Digitalis laevigata)
  • Grecian foxglove (Digitalis lanata, Digitalis laevigata)
  • hairy foxglove (Digitalis ciliata)
  • lady’s foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
  • large yellow foxglove (Digitalis grandiflora)
  • mullein foxglove (Seymeria macrophylla)
  • purple foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
  • rusty foxglove (Digitalis ferruginea)
  • small yellow foxglove (Digitalis lutea)
  • Spanish foxglove (Digitalis thapsi)
  • straw foxglove (Digitalis lutea)
  • strawberry foxglove (Digitalis × fulva)
  • sunset foxglove (Digitalis obscura)
  • wild foxgloves (Gerardia virginica, Penstemon spp.)
  • willow-leaved foxglove (Digitalis obscura)
  • woolly foxglove (Digitalis lanata)
  • yellow foxgloves (Digitalis grandiflora, Gerardia spp.)

Translations


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