dilate vs distend what difference

what is difference between dilate and distend

English

Etymology

From Middle English dilaten, from Old French dilater, from Latin dīlātō (I spread out), from di- (variant of dis-) + lātus (wide).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /daɪˈleɪt/
  • Rhymes: -eɪt

Verb

dilate (third-person singular simple present dilates, present participle dilating, simple past and past participle dilated)

  1. (transitive) To enlarge; to make bigger.
  2. (intransitive) To become wider or larger; to expand.
    Antonym: contract
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To speak largely and copiously; to dwell in narration; to enlarge; with “on” or “upon”.
    • 1810, George Crabbe, The Borough
      But still they on their ancient joys dilate.
  4. (medicine, transitive, intransitive) To use a dilator to widen (something, such as a vagina).
    • 1896, The Chicago Medical Recorder, page 62:
      An experimenter in New York has recently advocated what he is pleased to call temporary forcible dilatation of the trachea in the treatment of membranous croup, his idea being to introduce into the trachea a dilator and to forcibly dilate, every few hours if need be, and he reports favorable results.
    • 1911, Abraham Leo Wolbarst, Gonorrhea in the Male: A Practical Guide to Its Treatment, page 148:
      In very tight and obstinate stricture I sometimes dilate every day, but as soon as it has been stretched up to 23 or 24, I dilate every other day, or at greater intervals, keeping the instrument in place several minutes.
    • 2010, Kehinde Adeola Ayeni, Feasts of Phantoms, Fisher King Press (→ISBN), page 148:
      He gave her some of the dilators he used to dilate her vagina shortly after the surgery and encouraged her to do it frequently.
    • 2012, Wolf Eicher, Götz Kockott, Sexology, Springer Science & Business Media (→ISBN)
      It is important to realize that a number of these women do not want to have their vaginismus treated but only to achieve pregnancy. [] The use of hard plastic rods with increasing diameters, a sort of pseudopenis, can be useful, provided it is explained to the woman that these rods are not used to dilate her vagina but are a means of training the relaxation of her pelvic muscles and of getting these muscles under control.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • dilute

Anagrams

  • atelid, de-tail, detail, dietal, laited, tailed

French

Verb

dilate

  1. inflection of dilater:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams

  • déliât, détail, ladite

Latin

Participle

dīlāte

  1. vocative masculine singular of dīlātus

Portuguese

Verb

dilate

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of dilatar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of dilatar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of dilatar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of dilatar

Spanish

Verb

dilate

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of dilatar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of dilatar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of dilatar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of dilatar.


English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɪˈstɛnd/
  • Rhymes: -ɛnd

Verb

distend (third-person singular simple present distends, present participle distending, simple past and past participle distended)

  1. (intransitive) To extend or expand, as from internal pressure; to swell
    • 1975′, Saul Bellow, Humboldt’s Gift [Avon ed., 1976, p. 147]:
      I begin to hate the theater, the feeling wickedly distended by histrionics, all the old gestures, clutchings, tears, and applications.
  2. (transitive, reflexive, archaic) To extend; to stretch out; to spread out.
    • 1662 Thomas Salusbury, Galileo’s Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (Dialogue 2):
      I begin to hate the theater, the feeling wickedly distended by histrionics, all my old gestures, clutchings, tears, and applications. These impure and frail matters are conteined within the angust concave of the Lunar Orb, above which with uninterrupted Series the things Celestial distend themselves.
  3. (transitive) To cause to swell.
  4. (biology) To cause gravidity.

Derived terms

  • distensible

Translations

References

  • John A. Simpson and Edward S. C. Weiner, editors (1989), “distend”, in The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, →ISBN.

Anagrams

  • destin’d

French

Pronunciation

Verb

distend

  1. third-person singular present indicative of distendre

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