disable vs incapacitate what difference

what is difference between disable and incapacitate

English

Etymology

dis- +‎ able

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): [dɪsˈeɪbəɫ]
  • Rhymes: -eɪbəl

Verb

disable (third-person singular simple present disables, present participle disabling, simple past and past participle disabled)

  1. (transitive) To render unable; to take away an ability of, as by crippling.
  2. (chiefly of a person) To impair the physical or mental abilities of; to cause a serious, permanent injury.
    Falling off the horse disabled him.
  3. (chiefly electronics, computing) To deactivate, to make inoperational (especially of a function of an electronic or mechanical device).
    The pilot had to disable the autopilot of his airplane.

Synonyms

  • unable (non-standard), see also Thesaurus:disable
  • deactivate

Antonyms

  • enable

Derived terms

  • disablement

Translations

Adjective

disable (comparative more disable, superlative most disable)

  1. (obsolete) Lacking ability; unable.
    • Our disable and unactive force.

Anagrams

  • baldies, bidales, diables, labside

Scots

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɪsebl/, /ˈdɪʃebl/

Verb

disable (third-person singular present disables, present participle disablein, past disablet, past participle disablet)

  1. disable, disqualify


English

Etymology

Mid-17th century, from incapacity +‎ -ate.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌɪn.kəˈpæ.sɪ.teɪt/

Verb

incapacitate (third-person singular simple present incapacitates, present participle incapacitating, simple past and past participle incapacitated) (transitive)

  1. To make someone or something incapable of doing something; to disable.
  2. (law) To make someone ineligible; to disqualify.

Derived terms

  • incapacitated
  • incapacitating
  • incapacitation

Synonyms

  • See Thesaurus:disable

Translations


Romanian

Etymology

From French incapacité

Noun

incapacitate f (uncountable)

  1. incapacity

Declension


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