disembarrass vs free what difference

what is difference between disembarrass and free

English

Etymology

From dis- +‎ embarrass.

Verb

disembarrass (third-person singular simple present disembarrasses, present participle disembarrassing, simple past and past participle disembarrassed)

  1. (transitive) To get (someone) out of a difficult or embarrassing situation; to free (someone) from the embarrassment (of a situation); to relieve (someone of a burden, item of clothing, etc.) (often used reflexively).
    • 1726, George Berkeley, letter to Thomas Prior dated 6 February, 1726, in The Works of George Berkeley, London: G. Robinson, Volume 1, p. xliv,[1]
      [] I hope [] that you will have disembarrassed yourself of all sort of business that may detain you here, and so be ready to go with us []
    • 1819, Walter Scott, The Bride of Lammermoor, Chapter 10,[2]
      He had now disembarrassed himself of his riding-dress, and walking up to his daughter, he undid the fastening of her mask.
    • 1854, Charles Dickens, Hard Times, Book 3, Chapter 2,[3]
      Cursing these quick retorts of the young gentleman to whom he was so true a friend, Mr. Harthouse disembarrassed himself of that interview with the smallest conceivable amount of ceremony []
    • 1979, Robert Alter and Carol Cosman, A Lion for Love: A Critical Biography of Stendhal, New York: Basic Books, Part 1, Chapter 3, p. 52,
      The forthright adolescent heroine of that book, wanting to know what is this thing “love” so vaunted in fiction and so warned against by her elders, hires a strapping young peasant to disembarrass her of her virginity.
    • 2004, Alan Hollinghurst, The Line of Beauty, London: Picador, Chapter 11, p. 336,[4]
      [] Pat, in another sense, had done nothing for him; Nick hadn’t liked his brand of cagey camp, and had been snotty and priggish with him: so that, more shamefully still, he felt subtly disembarrassed by the death, since it erased the memory of his own bad grace.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To free (something) from complication.
    • 1719, uncredited editor, A Collection of Tracts Concerning Predestination and Providence, Cambridge University Press, Preface,[5]
      [] that we might disembarrass the Style as much as possible, we have taken the liberty to transpose Parentheses and other perplexed Passages, so as to clear and reduce them to continued Sentences.
    • 1764, John Entick et al., The General History of the Late War, London: Edward Dilly and John Millan, Volume 5, Book 6, p. 99-100,[6]
      [] it was unanimously resolved to admit to the treaty, none but the principals in the war, and their acting allies. This exclusion of the neutral interests tended greatly to disembarrass and simplify the negociation, in all outward appearance.
    • 1783, Hugh Blair, Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles Lettres, Dublin: Whitestone et al., Volume 1, Lecture 8, pp. 180-181,[7]
      There is no doubt that, by abolishing cases, we have rendered the structure of modern Languages more simple. We have disembarrassed it of all the intricacy which arose from the different forms of declension, of which the Romans had no fewer than five; and from all the irregularities in these several declensions.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To disentangle (two things); to distinguish.
    • 1751, William Warburton, commentary on An Essay on Man in The Works of Alexander Pope, London: J. & P. Knapton et al., Volume 3, p. 63,[8]
      [] though it be difficult to distinguish genuine Virtue from spurious, they having both the same appearance, and both the same public effects, yet they may be disembarrassed. If it be asked, by what means? He replies [] By Conscience []

Derived terms

  • disembarrassment

Synonyms

  • (free from embarrassment or release from a burden): disburden, disencumber, extricate

References

  • disembarrass in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.


English

Etymology

From Middle English free, fre, freo, from Old English frēo (free), from Proto-West Germanic *frī, from Proto-Germanic *frijaz (beloved, not in bondage), from Proto-Indo-European *priHós (dear, beloved), from *preyH- (to love, please). Related to friend. Cognate with West Frisian frij (free), Dutch vrij (free), Low German free (free), German frei (free), Danish, Swedish and Norwegian fri (free), Sanskrit प्रिय (priyá).

Germanic and Celtic are the only Indo-European language branches in which the PIE word with the meaning of “dear, beloved” acquired the additional meaning of “free” in the sense of “not in bondage”. This was an extension of the idea of “characteristic of those who are dear and beloved”, in other words friends and tribe members (in contrast to unfree inhabitants from other tribes and prisoners of war, many of which were among the slaves – compare the Latin use of liberi to mean both “free persons” and “children of a family”).

The verb comes from Middle English freen, freoȝen, from Old English frēon, frēoġan (to free; make free), from Proto-West Germanic *frijōn, from Proto-Germanic *frijōną, from Proto-Indo-European *preyH-.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: frē, IPA(key): /fɹiː/, [fɹɪi̯]
  • Rhymes: -iː
  • Homophone: three (with th-fronting)

Adjective

free (comparative freer or free-er or (rare) freeër, superlative freest or free-est or (rare) freeëst)

  1. (social) Unconstrained.
    • 1610-11?, Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act V, scene i:
      Quickly, spirit! / Thou shalt ere long be free.
    Synonyms: unconstrained, unfettered, unhindered
    Antonyms: constrained, restricted
    1. Not imprisoned or enslaved.
      Antonyms: bound, enslaved, imprisoned
    2. Unconstrained by timidity or distrust
      Synonyms: unreserved, frank, communicative
    3. Generous; liberal.
    4. (obsolete) Clear of offence or crime; guiltless; innocent.
    5. Without obligations.
    6. Thrown open, or made accessible, to all; to be enjoyed without limitations; unrestricted; not obstructed, engrossed, or appropriated; open; said of a thing to be possessed or enjoyed.
    7. Not arbitrary or despotic; assuring liberty; defending individual rights against encroachment by any person or class; instituted by a free people; said of a government, institutions, etc.
    8. (software) With no or only freedom-preserving limitations on distribution or modification.
      Synonym: libre
      Antonym: proprietary
    9. (software) Intended for release, as opposed to a checked version.
  2. Obtainable without any payment.
    Synonyms: free of charge, gratis
    1. (by extension, chiefly advertising slang) complimentary
  3. (abstract) Unconstrained.
    1. (mathematics) Unconstrained by relators.
    2. (mathematics, logic) Unconstrained by quantifiers.
      Antonym: bound
    3. (programming) Unconstrained of identifiers, not bound.
      Synonym: unbound
      Antonym: bound
    4. (linguistics) (of a morpheme) That can be used by itself, unattached to another morpheme.
  4. (physical) Unconstrained.
    1. Unobstructed, without blockages.
      Synonyms: clear, unobstructed
      Antonyms: blocked, obstructed
    2. Unattached or uncombined.
      Synonyms: loose, unfastened; see also Thesaurus:loose
    3. Not currently in use; not taken; unoccupied.
    4. (botany, mycology) Not attached; loose.
  5. Without; not containing (what is specified); exempt; clear; liberated.
    Synonym: without
  6. (dated) Ready; eager; acting without spurring or whipping; spirited.
  7. (dated) Invested with a particular freedom or franchise; enjoying certain immunities or privileges; admitted to special rights; followed by of.
  8. (Britain, law, obsolete) Certain or honourable; the opposite of base.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
  9. (law) Privileged or individual; the opposite of common.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)

Antonyms

  • unfree

Hyponyms

  • -free

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Adverb

free (comparative more free, superlative most free)

  1. Without needing to pay.
    Synonyms: for free, for nothing
  2. (obsolete) Freely; willingly.

Translations

Verb

free (third-person singular simple present frees, present participle freeing, simple past and past participle freed)

  1. (transitive) To make free; set at liberty; release.
  2. (transitive) To rid of something that confines or oppresses.
    • 1885, Richard F. Burton, The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, Night 564:
      Then I walked about, till I found on the further side, a great river of sweet water, running with a strong current; whereupon I called to mind the boat-raft I had made aforetime and said to myself, “Needs must I make another; haply I may free me from this strait. If I escape, I have my desire and I vow to Allah Almighty to forswear travel; and if I perish I shall be at peace and shall rest from toil and moil.”

Derived terms

  • befree

Synonyms

  • befree
  • emancipate
  • let loose
  • liberate
  • manumit
  • release
  • unchain
  • unfetter
  • unshackle

Translations

Noun

free (plural frees)

  1. (Australian rules football, Gaelic football) Abbreviation of free kick.
    • 2006, [1]:
      Whether deserved or not, the free gave Cresswell the chance to cover himself in glory with a shot on goal after the siren.
  2. free transfer
  3. (hurling) The usual means of restarting play after a foul is committed, where the non-offending team restarts from where the foul was committed.
  4. (swimming) the freestyle stroke

Translations

References

Anagrams

  • feer, fere, reef

Galician

Verb

free

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of frear
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of frear

Low German

Alternative forms

  • frie (more common)

Etymology

From Middle Low German vrîe, variant of vrî, from Old Saxon frī, from Proto-Germanic *frijaz, from Proto-Indo-European *prey (new). Compare Dutch vrij, West Frisian frij, English free, German frei.

Adjective

free (comparative fre’er, superlative freest)

  1. (rather rare) free

Declension

Derived terms

  • Freeheit

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