disperse vs scatter what difference

what is difference between disperse and scatter

English

Etymology

From French disperser, from Latin dispersus, past participle of dispergere (to scatter abroad, disperse), from dis- (apart) + spargere (to scatter); see sparse.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dɪˈspɜːs/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /dɪˈspɜ˞s/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)s
  • Hyphenation: dis‧perse

Verb

disperse (third-person singular simple present disperses, present participle dispersing, simple past and past participle dispersed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To scatter in different directions.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:disperse
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To break up and disappear; to dissipate.
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To disseminate.
  4. (physics, transitive, intransitive) To separate rays of light, etc., according to wavelength; to refract.
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To distribute throughout.

Usage notes

  • Do not confuse with the monetary word disburse, despite the two being near homophones and having a degree of semantic similarity (in which disbursed money may be dispersed among expenses). A mnemonic to help make the difference obvious (which uses a cognate of each word) is that dĭs-burs-ing is taking money out of the purse, whereas dĭ-spers-ing causes something to be sparsely scattered.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • dispersal
  • dispersible
  • dispersion

Translations

Adjective

disperse (comparative more disperse, superlative most disperse)

  1. Scattered or spread out.

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • Perseids, despiser, perseids, presides

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dis.pɛʁs/

Verb

disperse

  1. inflection of disperser:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative
    2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    3. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams

  • perdisse, prédises, prédisse, présides

German

Adjective

disperse

  1. inflection of dispers:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Italian

Adjective

disperse

  1. feminine plural of disperso

Noun

disperse f pl

  1. plural of dispersa

Verb

disperse

  1. third-person singular past historic of disperdere

Participle

disperse f

  1. feminine plural of disperso

Anagrams

  • depressi, perdessi, predisse

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /disˈper.se/, [d̪ɪs̠ˈpɛɾs̠ɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /disˈper.se/, [d̪isˈpɛrsɛ]

Participle

disperse

  1. vocative masculine singular of dispersus

References

  • disperse in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • disperse in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • disperse in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Portuguese

Verb

disperse

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of dispersar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of dispersar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of dispersar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of dispersar

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /disˈpeɾse/, [d̪isˈpeɾ.se]

Verb

disperse

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of dispersar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of dispersar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of dispersar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of dispersar.


English

Etymology

From Middle English scateren, skateren, (also schateren, see shatter), from Old English *sceaterian, probably from a dialect of Old Norse. Possibly related to Proto-Indo-European *skey- (to cut, split, shatter). Compare Middle Dutch scheteren (to scatter), Low German schateren, Dutch schateren (to burst out laughing); and is apparently remotely akin to Ancient Greek σκεδάννυμι (skedánnumi, scatter, disperse). Doublet of shatter.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈskætə/
  • (General American) enPR: skătʹər, IPA(key): /ˈskætɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ætə(ɹ)
  • Hyphenation: scat‧ter

Verb

scatter (third-person singular simple present scatters, present participle scattering, simple past and past participle scattered)

  1. (ergative) To (cause to) separate and go in different directions; to disperse.
    The crowd scattered in terror.
  2. (transitive) To distribute loosely as by sprinkling.
    Her ashes were scattered at the top of a waterfall.
    • Why should my muse enlarge on Libyan swains, / Their scattered cottages, and ample plains?
  3. (transitive, physics) To deflect (radiation or particles).
  4. (intransitive) To occur or fall at widely spaced intervals.
  5. (transitive) To frustrate, disappoint, and overthrow.
    to scatter hopes or plans
  6. (transitive) To be dispersed upon.
    Desiccated stalks scattered the fields.
  7. (transitive, baseball) Of a pitcher: to keep down the number of hits or walks.

Synonyms

  • (disperse): See also Thesaurus:disperse

Derived terms

  • scatterbrain
  • scatterplot
  • scattershot

Translations

Noun

scatter (countable and uncountable, plural scatters)

  1. The act of scattering or dispersing.
  2. A collection of dispersed objects.
    • 2006, Theano S. Terkenli, Anne-Marie d’Hauteserre, Landscapes of a New Cultural Economy of Space, Springer Science & Business Media →ISBN, page 84
    • 2015, Ian Shennan, Antony J. Long, Benjamin P. Horton, Handbook of Sea-Level Research, John Wiley & Sons →ISBN, page 19

Further reading

  • scatter at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • scatter in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • scatter in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

References

Anagrams

  • tracest

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial