disperse vs sprinkle what difference

what is difference between disperse and sprinkle

English

Etymology

From French disperser, from Latin dispersus, past participle of dispergere (to scatter abroad, disperse), from dis- (apart) + spargere (to scatter); see sparse.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dɪˈspɜːs/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /dɪˈspɜ˞s/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)s
  • Hyphenation: dis‧perse

Verb

disperse (third-person singular simple present disperses, present participle dispersing, simple past and past participle dispersed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To scatter in different directions.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:disperse
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To break up and disappear; to dissipate.
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To disseminate.
  4. (physics, transitive, intransitive) To separate rays of light, etc., according to wavelength; to refract.
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To distribute throughout.

Usage notes

  • Do not confuse with the monetary word disburse, despite the two being near homophones and having a degree of semantic similarity (in which disbursed money may be dispersed among expenses). A mnemonic to help make the difference obvious (which uses a cognate of each word) is that dĭs-burs-ing is taking money out of the purse, whereas dĭ-spers-ing causes something to be sparsely scattered.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • dispersal
  • dispersible
  • dispersion

Translations

Adjective

disperse (comparative more disperse, superlative most disperse)

  1. Scattered or spread out.

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • Perseids, despiser, perseids, presides

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dis.pɛʁs/

Verb

disperse

  1. inflection of disperser:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative
    2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    3. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams

  • perdisse, prédises, prédisse, présides

German

Adjective

disperse

  1. inflection of dispers:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Italian

Adjective

disperse

  1. feminine plural of disperso

Noun

disperse f pl

  1. plural of dispersa

Verb

disperse

  1. third-person singular past historic of disperdere

Participle

disperse f

  1. feminine plural of disperso

Anagrams

  • depressi, perdessi, predisse

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /disˈper.se/, [d̪ɪs̠ˈpɛɾs̠ɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /disˈper.se/, [d̪isˈpɛrsɛ]

Participle

disperse

  1. vocative masculine singular of dispersus

References

  • disperse in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • disperse in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • disperse in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Portuguese

Verb

disperse

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of dispersar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of dispersar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of dispersar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of dispersar

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /disˈpeɾse/, [d̪isˈpeɾ.se]

Verb

disperse

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of dispersar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of dispersar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of dispersar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of dispersar.


English

Etymology

From Middle English sprynklen, sprenkelen, equivalent to sprink +‎ -le (frequentative suffix). Cognate with Dutch sprenkelen (to sprinkle), German Low German sprenkeln (to sprinkle; dapple), German sprenkeln (to sprinkle).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈspɹɪŋkəl/
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋkəl

Verb

sprinkle (third-person singular simple present sprinkles, present participle sprinkling, simple past and past participle sprinkled)

  1. (transitive) To cause (a substance) to fall in fine drops (for a liquid substance) or small pieces (for a solid substance).
    • And the priest shall [] sprinkle of the oil with his finger seven times before the Lord.
    • At twilight in the summer [] the mice come out. They [] eat the luncheon crumbs. Mr. Checkly, for instance, always brought his dinner in a paper parcel in his coat-tail pocket, and ate it when so disposed, sprinkling crumbs lavishly [] on the floor.
  2. (transitive) To cover (an object) by sprinkling a substance on to it.
  3. (intransitive) To drip in fine drops, sometimes sporadically.
  4. (intransitive) To rain very lightly outside.
  5. (transitive) To baptize by the application of a few drops, or a small quantity, of water; hence, to cleanse; to purify.
    • having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience

Quotations

  • 1893, Edward F. Bigelow (editor and publisher), The Observer: a Medium of Interchange of Observations for all Students and Lovers of Nature, volume IV, number 4, page 114:
    There is no more beautiful object in the still and shady aisles of the wood than a great patch of the deep green hairy cap moss studded and starred by these little roses that are often scattered over it as thickly as the stars sprinkle the sky.
  • April 26th, 1899, Memorial Day Oration of General P. McGlashan, printed in 1902 in Addresses delivered before the Confederate Veterans Association of Savannah by that association:
    As I laid him back on the litter he threw out his arms and clasped me around my neck, drew me towards him and kissed me, saying: “Colonel, I love you.” […] Unnumbered instances like this might be recounted did the time permit it. They sprinkle the whole four years as the stars sprinkle the sky.
  • 2010, Donald E. MacKay, Love Is Stronger Than Death, page 91:
    […] she will remember his words and gaze at the stars. One dark night when the stars sprinkle the heavens, she would call out to the stars and ask the same questions her benefactor had asked; perhaps she will be favored with answers.

Derived terms

  • besprinkle
  • sprinkler

Translations

Noun

sprinkle (plural sprinkles)

  1. A light covering with a sprinkled substance.
  2. A light rain shower.
  3. An aspersorium or utensil for sprinkling.

Synonyms

  • (light covering with a sprinkled substance): sprinkling

Derived terms

  • sugar sprinkles

Translations

Anagrams

  • plinkers, prinkles, splinker

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