displume vs pluck what difference

what is difference between displume and pluck

English

Etymology

dis- +‎ plume

Verb

displume (third-person singular simple present displumes, present participle displuming, simple past and past participle displumed)

  1. To deprive of feathers or plumes.
  2. To strip of an award.

References

  • Chambers’s Etymological Dictionary, 1896, p. 132

Anagrams

  • impulsed


English

Etymology

From Middle English plucken, plukken, plockien, from Old English pluccian, ploccian (to pluck, pull away, tear), also Old English plyċċan (“to pluck, pull, snatch; pluck with desire”; > Modern English plitch), from Proto-Germanic *plukkōną, *plukkijaną (to pluck), of uncertain and disputed origin. Perhaps related to Old English pullian (to pull, draw; pluck off; snatch). Cognate with Saterland Frisian plukje (to pluck), Dutch plukken (to pluck), Limburgish plógte (to pluck), Low German plukken (to pluck), German pflücken (to pluck, pick), Danish and Norwegian plukke (to pick), Swedish plocka (to pick, pluck, cull), Icelandic plokka, plukka (to pluck, pull). More at pull.

An alternate etymology suggests Proto-Germanic *plukkōną, *plukkijaną may have been borrowed from an assumed Vulgar Latin *piluccāre, *pilicāre, a derivative of Latin pilāre (to deprive of hair, make bald, depilate), from pilus (hair). The Oxford English Dictionary, however, finds difficulties with this and cites gaps in historical evidence.

The noun sense of “heart, liver, and lights of an animal” comes from it being plucked out of the carcass after the animal is killed; the sense of “fortitude, boldness” derives from this meaning, originally being a boxing slang denoting a prize-ring, with semantic development from “heart”, the symbol of courage, to “fortitude, boldness”.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /plʌk/
  • Rhymes: -ʌk

Verb

pluck (third-person singular simple present plucks, present participle plucking, simple past and past participle plucked or (obsolete) pluckt)

  1. (transitive) To pull something sharply; to pull something out
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Ch.I:
      The girl stooped to pluck a rose, and as she bent over it, her profile was clearly outlined.
  2. (transitive) To take or remove (someone) quickly from a particular place or situation.
  3. (transitive, music) To gently play a single string, e.g. on a guitar, violin etc.
  4. (transitive) To remove feathers from a bird.
  5. (transitive, now rare) To rob, steal from; to cheat or swindle (someone).
    • 1796, Mary Wollstonecraft, Letters Written in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, Oxford 2009, p. 64:
      Indeed they seem to consider foreigners as strangers whom they should never see again, and might fairly pluck.
  6. (transitive) To play a string instrument pizzicato.
  7. (intransitive) To pull or twitch sharply.
  8. (Britain, college slang, obsolete) To be rejected after failing an examination for a degree.
  9. Of a glacier: to transport individual pieces of bedrock by means of gradual erosion through freezing and thawing.

Derived terms

  • plucker
  • plucking
  • pluck up

Translations

Noun

pluck (countable and uncountable, plural plucks)

  1. An instance of plucking or pulling sharply.
    • 2006, Tom Cunliffe, Complete Yachtmaster (page 40)
      If you find yourself in this position, there is nothing for it but to haul out using external assistance. This may be from a friend who will give you a pluck off the wall, or you may be able to manage from your own resources.
  2. The lungs, heart with trachea and often oesophagus removed from slaughtered animals.
  3. (informal, figuratively, uncountable) Guts, nerve, fortitude or persistence.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:courage
  4. (African-American Vernacular, slang, uncountable) Cheap wine.
    Synonym: plonk

Derived terms

  • plucky

Translations

References

  • pluck in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • pluck in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “pluck”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  • Anagrams

    • UK plc

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