distinguish vs signalize what difference

what is difference between distinguish and signalize

English

Etymology

From Middle English distingwen, from Old French distinguer, from Latin distinguere (to separate, divide, distinguish, set off, adorn, literally mark off), from di-, dis- (apart) + stinguere. Compare extinguish.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: dĭs-tĭngʹgwĭsh, IPA(key): /dɪsˈtɪŋɡwɪʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋɡwɪʃ
  • Hyphenation: dis‧tin‧guish

Verb

distinguish (third-person singular simple present distinguishes, present participle distinguishing, simple past and past participle distinguished)

  1. To recognize someone or something as different from others based on its characteristics.
    Synonyms: differentiate, discriminate; see also Thesaurus:tell apart
    Antonym: confuse
  2. To see someone or something clearly or distinctly.
  3. To make oneself noticeably different or better from others through accomplishments.
    • 1784: William Jones, The Description and Use of a New Portable Orrery, &c., PREFACE
      THE favourable reception the Orrery has met with from Perſons of the firſt diſtinction, and from Gentlemen and Ladies in general, has induced me to add to it ſeveral new improvements in order to give it a degree of Perfection; and diſtinguiſh it from others; which by Piracy, or Imitation, may be introduced to the Public.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To make to differ.

Usage notes

In sense “see a difference”, more casual than differentiate or the formal discriminate; more casual is “tell the difference”.

Derived terms

  • distinguished
  • distinguishable
  • distinguishing
  • distinguishness
  • undistinguishing

Related terms

  • distinct
  • distinction
  • extinguish

Translations

Further reading

  • distinguish in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • distinguish in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.


English

Etymology

From signal +‎ -ize.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɪɡnəlaɪz/

Verb

signalize (third-person singular simple present signalizes, present participle signalizing, simple past and past participle signalized)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To distinguish, to make noteworthy. [from 17th c.]
    • 1789, Edward Gibbon, Memoirs of My Life, Penguin 1990, p. 121:
      [T]he reign of the Tudors was often signalized by the valour of our soldiers and sailors [] .
  2. (transitive, archaic) To display or make known (an attribute, quality, etc.); to call attention to. [from 17th c.]
  3. (transitive, archaic) To point out; to take special note of. [from 17th c.]
    • 1956, Winston Churchill, History of the English-Speaking Peoples, I.5:
      This expression rex Anglorum is rightly signalised by historians as a milestone in our history.
  4. (transitive, chiefly nautical) To communicate with (someone) by means of a signal. [from 19th c.]
  5. (transitive) To indicate; to be a sign of. [from 19th c.]
    • 1957, Ray Bradbury, Dandelion Wine
      And yet… looking here at this bottle which by its number signalized the day when Colonel Freeleigh had stumbled and fallen six feet into the earth, Douglas could not find so much as a gram of dark sediment []
  6. (transitive, chiefly Canada, US) To furnish (a traffic intersection) with a traffic signal. [from 20th c.]

Derived terms

  • signalization

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