downfall vs ruin what difference

what is difference between downfall and ruin

English

Etymology

From down- +‎ fall. In this spelling, from 16th century; spelled as two words from 13th century.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈdaʊnfɔːl/

Noun

downfall (countable and uncountable, plural downfalls)

  1. A precipitous decline in fortune; death or rapid deterioration, as in status or wealth.
    Synonyms: (precipitous decline in fortune) fall, (death or rapid deterioration) doom
  2. The cause of such a fall; a critical blow or error.
    • Orson Scott Card
      It is the downfall of evil, that it never sees far enough ahead.
  3. An act of falling down.

Derived terms

  • Operation Downfall

Translations

Verb

downfall (third-person singular simple present downfalls, present participle downfalling, simple past downfell, past participle downfallen)

  1. (intransitive) To fall down; deteriorate; decline.
    • 1998, Peter Vink, Ernst A. P. Koningsveld, Steven Dhondt, Human factors in organizational design and management-VI:
      Common belief has been that in the future the number of middle managers will downfall due to empowerment and team-building.
    • 1998, Lithuanian physics journal:
      It should be noted that the magnitude of satellites decreases when tuning out of degeneracy, and in the wavelength range of 1.2-1.3 pm it downfalls to the value of 10-15% of the main spike magnitude.

Derived terms

  • down-fallen, downfallen

Anagrams

  • Wolfland, fall down, landfowl


English

Etymology

From Middle English ruyne, ruine, from Old French ruine, from Latin ruīna (overthrow, ruin), from ruō (I fall down, tumble, sink in ruin, rush).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹuː.ɪn/
  • Rhymes: -uːɪn

Noun

ruin (countable and uncountable, plural ruins)

  1. (countable, sometimes in the plural) The remains of a destroyed or dilapidated construction, such as a house or castle.
    • The Veian and the Gabian towirs shall fall, / And one promiscuous ruin cover all; / Nor, after length of years, a stone betray / The place where once the very ruins lay.
  2. (uncountable) The state of being a ruin, destroyed or decayed.
  3. (uncountable) Something that leads to serious trouble or destruction.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Youth and Age
      The errors of young men are the ruin of business.
    • The Bat—they called him the Bat. []. He [] played a lone hand, []. Most lone wolves had a moll at any rate—women were their ruin—but if the Bat had a moll, not even the grapevine telegraph could locate her.
  4. (obsolete) A fall or tumble.
  5. A change that destroys or defeats something; destruction; overthrow.
  6. (uncountable) Complete financial loss; bankruptcy.

Translations

Verb

ruin (third-person singular simple present ruins, present participle ruining, simple past and past participle ruined or (dialectal, nonstandard) ruint)

  1. (transitive) To cause the fiscal ruin of.
    With all these purchases, you surely mean to ruin us!
    • 1883, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island
      In one way, indeed, he bade fair to ruin us; for he kept on staying week after week, and at last month after month, so that all the money had been long exhausted…
  2. To destroy or make something no longer usable.
    He ruined his new white slacks by accidentally spilling oil on them.
    • 1857, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, The Golden Mile-Stone
      By the fireside there are old men seated, / Seeing ruined cities in the ashes.
  3. To cause severe financial loss to; to bankrupt or drive out of business.
    The crooked stockbroker’s fraudulent scheme ruined dozens of victims; some investors lost their life savings and even their houses.
  4. To upset or overturn the plans or progress of, or to have a disastrous effect on something.
    My car breaking down just as I was on the road ruined my vacation.
  5. To make something less enjoyable or likeable.
    I used to love that song, but being assaulted when that song was playing ruined the song for me.
  6. To reveal the ending of (a story); to spoil.
  7. (obsolete) To fall into a state of decay.
    • 1636, George Sandys, Paraphrase upon the Psalmes and upon the Hymnes dispersed throughout the Old and New Testaments
      Though he his house of polisht marble build, / Yet shall it ruine like the Moth’s fraile cell
  8. (transitive, historical) To seduce or debauch, and thus harm the social standing of.
    The young libertine was notorious for ruining local girls.

Synonyms

  • destroy
  • fordo
  • ruinate
  • wreck
  • See also Thesaurus:spoil

Antonyms

  • build
  • construct
  • found
  • produce

Related terms

  • ruination
  • ruinable
  • ruiner
  • ruinous
  • ruint

Translations

Further reading

  • ruin in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • ruin in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • ruin at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • Irun

Asturian

Adjective

ruin m sg (feminine singular ruina, neuter singular ruino, masculine plural ruinos, feminine plural ruines)

  1. weedy

Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch ruun. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rœy̯n/
  • Hyphenation: ruin
  • Rhymes: -œy̯n

Noun

ruin m (plural ruinen, diminutive ruintje n)

  1. A gelding.

Derived terms

  • vosruin

See also

  • hengst

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Latin ruina

Noun

ruin m (definite singular ruinen, indefinite plural ruiner, definite plural ruinene)

  1. ruin (often in plural form when referring to buildings)

References

  • “ruin” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Latin ruina

Noun

ruin m (definite singular ruinen, indefinite plural ruinar, definite plural ruinane)

  1. ruin (often in plural form when referring to buildings)

References

  • “ruin” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Spanish

Etymology

From an earlier *ruino, from ruina, or from a Vulgar Latin root *ruīnus, ultimately from Latin ruīna. Compare Portuguese ruim, Catalan roí.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈrwin/, [ˈrwĩn]

Adjective

ruin (plural ruines)

  1. contemptible, mean, heartless
    Synonyms: vil, despreciable
  2. mean, stingy
    Synonyms: avaro, mezquino, tacaño, usurero, agarrado, cicatero
  3. wild; unruly
    Synonyms: salvaje, agresto
  4. rachitic
    Synonym: raquítico

Swedish

Noun

ruin c

  1. a ruin (remains of a building)
  2. ruin (financial bankruptcy)

Declension

Related terms

  • ruinera

Anagrams

  • urin

Tetum

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *duRi (thorn, splinter, fish bone), akin to Agutaynen doli and Malay duri (thorn).

Noun

ruin

  1. bone

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