dowry vs portion what difference

what is difference between dowry and portion

English

Etymology

From Middle English dowarye, dowerie, from Anglo-Norman dowarie, douarie, from Old French douaire, from Medieval Latin dōtārium, from Latin dōs.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈdaʊəɹi/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈdaʊɹi/
  • Rhymes: -aʊəɹi, -aʊɹi
  • Rhymes: -aʊɹi

Noun

dowry (countable and uncountable, plural dowries)

  1. Payment, such as property or money, paid by the bride’s family to the groom or his family at the time of marriage.
  2. (less common) Payment by the groom or his family to the bride’s family: bride price.
  3. (obsolete) Dower.
  4. A natural gift or talent.

Antonyms

  • dower
  • bride price

Hypernyms

  • marriage portion

Hyponyms

  • (bride price): lobola

Related terms

  • reverse dowry
  • dowager
  • endow

Translations

Verb

dowry (third-person singular simple present dowries, present participle dowrying, simple past and past participle dowried)

  1. To bestow a dowry upon.
    • 1999, Judith Everard, Michael C. E. Jones, Charters Duchess Constance Br, Page xvi
    • 2013 Noreen Giffney, Margrit Shildrick, Theory on the Edge: Irish Studies and the Politics of Sexual Difference, Page 62

See also

  • glory box
  • hope chest
  • trousseau

References

Anagrams

  • rowdy, wordy

Middle English

Noun

dowry

  1. Alternative form of dowarye


English

Etymology

From Middle English porcioun, borrowed from Old French porcion, from Latin portio (a share, part, portion, relation, proportion), akin to pars (part); see part. Compare proportion.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈpɔɹʃən/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpɔːʃən/
  • (Scotland, Ireland, other varieties without the horse–hoarse merger) IPA(key): /ˈpoəɹʃən/, /ˈpoːɹʃən/, /ˈpoɹʃən/
  • Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)ʃən

Noun

portion (plural portions)

  1. An allocated amount.
  2. That which is divided off or separated, as a part from a whole; a separated part of anything.
  3. One’s fate; lot.
    • Man’s portion is to die and rise again.
  4. The part of an estate given or falling to a child or heir; an inheritance.
  5. A wife’s fortune; a dowry.
    • 1613, William Shakespeare, The Two Noble Kinsmen, V. iv. 31:
      Commend me to her, and to piece her portion / Tender her this.

Usage notes

Relatively formal, compared to the more informal part or more concrete and casual piece. For example, “part of the money” (both informal) but “portion of the proceeds” (both formal).

Synonyms

  • part
  • piece

Derived terms

  • portionless
  • proportion
  • underportion

Translations

Verb

portion (third-person singular simple present portions, present participle portioning, simple past and past participle portioned)

  1. (transitive) To divide into amounts, as for allocation to specific purposes.
  2. (transitive) To endow with a portion or inheritance.
    • 1733, Alexander Pope, Epistle to Bathurst
      Him portioned maids, apprenticed orphans, blest.

Translations

Usage notes

  • Particularly used as portion out.
  • Relatively formal, compared to the more informal divide, divide up, or the casual divvy, divvy up.

Synonyms

  • apportion
  • divide, divide up
  • divvy, divvy up

Derived terms

  • portion off
  • portion out

Further reading

  • portion in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • portion in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin portionem (accusative singular of portio).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pɔʁ.sjɔ̃/

Noun

portion f (plural portions)

  1. portion

Derived terms

  • portion congrue

Descendants

  • Turkish: porsiyon

Further reading

  • “portion” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • potiron

Interlingua

Noun

portion (plural portiones)

  1. portion

Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

portion c

  1. serving, an helping of food

Declension

Related terms

  • portionera

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