drachm vs drachma what difference

what is difference between drachm and drachma

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /dɹæm/

Etymology

Borrowed into late Middle English from Old French dragme (modern French drachme), from Late Latin dragma. Doublet of dirham.

Alternative forms

  • drachme
  • dram

Noun

drachm (plural drachms)

  1. (units of measurement) A small unit of weight, variously:
    1. Alternative form of dram: One sixteenth of an ounce avoirdupois (approximately 1.77 g).
    2. (pharmacy) 18 ounce apothecary (3.89 g) (symbol: ℨ).
    3. (historical, obsolete) Alternative form of dirhem: a small former Turkish weight (variously 1.5–3.5 g).
      • 1819, Abraham Rees, The Cyclopaedia, Vol. XXX, s.v. “Rottolo”:
        At Aleppo, and its port Scanderoon, the cantaro contains 100 rottoli, each of which is subdivided into 12 ounces, or 720 drachms… The rottolo with which the silks from Tripoli, and other parts of Syria, are weighed, consists of 700 drachms, answering to 4⅞ avoirdupois. The rottolo used in weighing the Persian silks contains 680 drachms, or nearly 4¾ lbs. avoirdupois. The rottolo of Damascus, with which brass, camphor, benzoin, spikenard, balsam of Mecca, and other drugs are weighed, contains 600 drachms, or 415 lbs. avoirdupois. Five rottoli, or 3600 drachms, make what is called a vesno… At Saide, in Syria, (the ancient Sidon,) silk and sattin yarn are weighed with the rottolo of Damascus, of 600 drachms; 100 such rottoli answering to about 410 lbs. avoirdupois… At Smyrna, the cantaro, or kintal, contains 45 okes, or 100 rottoli. The batman is 6 okes, or 2400 drachms; and the oke is 400 drachms, and the rottolo = 180 drachms. The cantaro of 45 okes weighs 123 lbs. 4 oz. avoirdupois; and, therefore, the oke is = 2 lbs. 11 oz. 13 drs. avoirdupois. At Tripoli, the cantaro weight contains 100 rottoli, each of 6 ounces, or 128 termini; this cantaro answers to 168 lbs. peso sotile of Venice, or about 12 lbs. avoirdupois…
    4. (historical, obsolete) Alternative form of drachma: a small former Greek weight (about 4.3 g).
  2. (obsolete) Alternative form of drachma: a Greek silver coin weighing one drachma.

Alternative forms

  • (18 ounce apothecary): dram

Translations

See also

  • decadrachm
  • didrachma
  • dirham
  • hemidrachm
  • tetradrachm
  • octadrachm

Further reading

  • dram (unit) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • charm’d


English

Alternative forms

  • drachm (obsolete)
  • drachme (dated)

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin drachma, from Ancient Greek δραχμή (drakhmḗ). Doublet of dram and diram.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɹæk.mə/

Noun

drachma (plural drachmas or drachmae or drachmai)

  1. The currency of Greece in ancient times and again from 1832 until 2001, with the symbol ₯, since replaced by the euro.
  2. A coin worth one drachma.
  3. An Ancient Greek weight of about 66.5 grains, or 4.3 grams.
  4. A later Greek weight equal to a gram.

Derived terms

  • new drachma

Coordinate terms

  • obol

Translations


Latin

Alternative forms

  • drachuma

Etymology

Borrowed from Ancient Greek δραχμή (drakhmḗ).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈdrakʰ.ma/, [ˈd̪ɾäkʰmä]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈdrak.ma/, [ˈd̪rɑkmɑ]

Noun

drachma f (genitive drachmae); first declension

  1. (Classical Latin) drachma (Ancient Greek coin, one hundredth of a mina)

Declension

First-declension noun.

Descendants

  • Late Latin: dragma
    • Old French: dragme, drame
      • English: dram
        • Danish: dram
          • Faroese: drammur
          • Norwegian: dram
        • Scottish Gaelic: dràm
      • French: drachme
        • English: drachme, drachm
        • German: Drachme
      • Norman: dranme
    • Old Spanish: dragma
  • Armenian: դրախմա (draxma)
  • Belarusian: дра́хма (dráxma)
  • Bulgarian: дра́хма (dráhma)
  • Catalan: dracma, drama
  • Czech: drachma
  • English: drachma
  • Faroese: drakma
  • Finnish: drakma
  • Galician: dracma
  • Gothic: ???????????????????????? (drakma)
  • Italian: dracma, dramma
  • Macedonian: драхма (drahma)
  • Portuguese: dracma
  • Russian: дра́хма (dráxma)
  • Serbo-Croatian: дра̀хма (dràhma)
  • Spanish: dracma
  • Ukrainian: дра́хма (dráxma)

References

  • drachma in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • drachma in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • drachma in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • drachma in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper’s Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • drachma in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

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