drench vs swamp what difference

what is difference between drench and swamp


Etymology 1

From Middle English drenchen, from Old English drenċan, from Proto-Germanic *drankijaną (compare Dutch drenken ‘to get a drink’, German tränken ‘to water, give a drink’), causative of *drinkaną (to drink). More at drink.


  • IPA(key): /dɹɛntʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛntʃ


drench (plural drenches)

  1. A draught administered to an animal.
  2. (obsolete) A drink; a draught; specifically, a potion of medicine poured or forced down the throat; also, a potion that causes purging.
    • A drench of wine has with success been us’d,
      And through a horn the gen’rous juice infus’d,
      Which, timely taken, op’d his closing jaws,
      But, if too late, the patient’s death did cause.
    • 1907, Mark Twain, Christian Science and the Book of Mrs. Eddy
      I took up the ‘Christian Scientist’ book and read half of it, then took a dipperful of drench and read the other half.


drench (third-person singular simple present drenches, present participle drenching, simple past and past participle drenched)

  1. To soak, to make very wet.
    • Now dam the ditches and the floods restrain; / Their moisture has already drenched the plain.
  2. To cause to drink; especially, to dose (e.g. a horse) with medicine by force.
Related terms
  • drenched (adjective)
  • drenching (noun)

Etymology 2

From Middle English dreng, from Old English dreng (warrior, soldier), from Proto-Germanic *drangijaz, cognate to Old Norse drengr.


drench (plural drenches)

  1. (obsolete, Britain) A military vassal, mentioned in the Domesday Book.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)


Alternative forms

  • swomp (obsolete)


From a fusion of Middle English swam (swamp, muddy pool, bog, marsh”, also “fungus, mushroom), from Old English swamm (mushroom, fungus, sponge), and Middle English sompe (marsh, morass), from Middle Dutch somp, sump (marsh, swamp), or Middle Low German sump (marsh, swamp), from Old Saxon *sump (swamp, marsh); all from Proto-Germanic *sumpaz. Cognate with Dutch zwamp (swamp, marsh, fen), Middle Low German swamp (sponge, mushroom), Dutch zomp (swamp, lake, marshy place), German Low German Sump (swamp, bog,
), German Sumpf (swamp), Swedish sump (swamp). Related also to Dutch zwam (fungus, punk, tinder), German Schwamm (mushroom, fungus, sponge), Swedish svamp (mushroom, fungus, sponge), Icelandic svampur, sveppur (fungus), Gothic ???????????????????????? (swumsl, a ditch). Related to sump, swim.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /swɒmp/
  • (US) IPA(key): /swɑmp/
  • Rhymes: -ɒmp


swamp (plural swamps)

  1. A piece of wet, spongy land; low ground saturated with water; soft, wet ground which may have a growth of certain kinds of trees, but is unfit for agricultural or pastoral purposes.
  2. A type of wetland that stretches for vast distances, and is home to many creatures which have adapted specifically to that environment.
  3. (figuratively) A place or situation that is foul or where progress is difficult.

Derived terms


  • Sranan Tongo: swampu
  • Dutch: zwamp


See also

  • bog
  • marsh
  • moor


swamp (third-person singular simple present swamps, present participle swamping, simple past and past participle swamped)

  1. To drench or fill with water.
  2. To overwhelm; to make too busy, or overrun the capacity of.
    • 2006, New York Times,
      Mr. Spitzer’s defeat of his Democratic opponent … ended a primary season in which Hillary Rodham Clinton swamped an antiwar challenger for renomination to the Senate.
  3. (figuratively) To plunge into difficulties and perils; to overwhelm; to ruin; to wreck.
    • 1874, John Richard Green, A Short History of the English People
      The Whig majority of the house of Lords was swamped by the creation of twelve Tory peers.
    • c. 1835, William Hamilton, “Metaphysics and Moral Science”, in Edinburgh Review
      Having swamped himself in following the ignis fatuus of a theory []



  • wamps

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