dwell vs live what difference

what is difference between dwell and live

English

Etymology

From Middle English dwellen (delay, live, remain, persist), from Old English dwellan (to mislead, deceive; be led into error, stray), from Proto-Germanic *dwaljaną (to hold up, delay; hesitate), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwelH- (to whirl, swirl, blur, obfuscate), which is cognate with Old Norse dvelja and related to Proto-Germanic *dwelaną (to go astray), which underwent semantic change in its descendants. Cognates include Danish dvæle (to linger, dwell) and Swedish dväljas (to dwell, reside).

Pronunciation

  • enPR: dwĕl, IPA(key): /dwɛl/
  • Rhymes: -ɛl

Noun

dwell (plural dwells)

  1. (engineering) A period of time in which a system or component remains in a given state.
  2. (engineering) A brief pause in the motion of part of a mechanism to allow an operation to be completed.
  3. (electrical engineering) A planned delay in a timed control program.
  4. (automotive) In a petrol engine, the period of time the ignition points are closed to let current flow through the ignition coil in between each spark. This is measured as an angle in degrees around the camshaft in the distributor which controls the points, for example in a 4-cylinder engine it might be 55° (spark at 90° intervals, points closed for 55° between each).

Verb

dwell (third-person singular simple present dwells, present participle dwelling, simple past and past participle dwelt or (mostly US) dwelled)

  1. (intransitive, now literary) To live; to reside.
    • 1622, Henry Peacham (Jr.), The Compleat Gentleman
      I am fully resolved to go dwell in another house.
    • 1871, Charles John Smith, Synonyms Discriminated: A Complete Catalogue of Synonymous Words in the English Language
      The poor man dwells in a humble cottage near the hall where the lord of the domain resides.
  2. (intransitive) To linger (on) a particular thought, idea etc.; to remain fixated (on).
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
      So it came about that long ere Ailie reached home it was on young Heriotside that her mind dwelled, and it was the love of him that made her eyes glow and her cheeks redden.
  3. (intransitive, engineering) To be in a given state.
  4. (intransitive) To abide; to remain; to continue.
    • 1802, William Wordsworth, Milton!-
      Thy soul was like a star and dwelt apart.

Synonyms

  • (live, reside): See also Thesaurus:reside

Derived terms

  • bedwell
  • indwell

Related terms

  • dwelling
  • dwell on, dwell upon

Translations

See also

  • abide
  • live
  • reside
  • stay

References

  • dwell in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • dwell in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

Maltese

Etymology

From Italian duello, from Latin duellum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dwɛll/

Noun

dwell m (plural dwellijiet or dwelli)

  1. duel

Derived terms

  • ddwella

Middle English

Verb

dwell

  1. Alternative form of dwellen


English

Etymology 1

From Middle English liven, libben, from Old English lifian, libban (to live; be alive), from Proto-Germanic *libjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *leyp- (leave, cling, linger). Cognate with Saterland Frisian líeuwje (to live), West Frisian libje (to live), Dutch leven (to live), German Low German leven, lęven (to live), German leben (to live), Swedish leva (to live), Icelandic lifa (to live), Gothic ???????????????????? (liban, to live).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) enPR: lĭv, IPA(key): /lɪv/
  • Rhymes: -ɪv
  • Hyphenation: live

Verb

live (third-person singular simple present lives, present participle living, simple past and past participle lived)

  1. (intransitive) To be alive; to have life.
  2. (intransitive) To have permanent residence somewhere, to inhabit, to reside.
    1. (intransitive, informal) (of an object) to have its proper place; to normally be stored.
  3. (intransitive) To survive; to persevere; to continue.
  4. (intransitive, hyperbolic) To cope.
  5. (intransitive) To pass life in a specified manner.
  6. (transitive) To spend, as one’s life; to pass; to maintain; to continue in, constantly or habitually.
  7. (transitive) To act habitually in conformity with; to practice; to exemplify in one’s way of life.
    • to live the Gospel
  8. (intransitive) To outlast danger; to float (said of a ship, boat, etc).
  9. (intransitive, followed by “on” or “upon”) To maintain or support one’s existence; to provide for oneself; to feed; to subsist.
  10. (intransitive, informal) To make the most of life; to experience a full, rich life.
Synonyms
  • (to have permanent residence somewhere): dwell; See also Thesaurus:reside
  • (to survive): go on, last, remain; See also Thesaurus:persist
Usage notes

Throughout Late Middle English and Early Modern English in Midlands and Northern dialects, the present participle form livand co-occurs with the form living.

Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

See also

  • abide
  • dwell
  • reside
  • stay

Etymology 2

See alive

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) enPR: līv; IPA(key): /laɪv/
  • Rhymes: -aɪv

Adjective

live (not comparable)

  1. (only used attributively) Having life; that is alive.
    The post office will not ship live animals.
  2. Being in existence; actual
    He is a live example of the consequences of excessive drinking.
  3. Having active properties; being energized.
    Because the vaccinia virus is live, it is important to follow care instructions for the vaccination site.
  4. Operational; in actual use rather than in testing etc.
    1. (programming) Of an object or value: that may potentially be used in the future execution of a program.
      • Antonym: dead
  5. Taken from a living animal.
    live feathers
  6. (engineering) Imparting power; having motion.
    the live spindle of a lathe
    a live, or driving, axle
  7. (sports) Still in active play.
    a live ball
  8. (card games) Of a card: not yet dealt or played.
    • 2005, Alison M. Pendergast, Play Winning Poker in No Time (page 57)
      As a beginner, when you are in a hand, you should practice counting your outs, or those live cards left in the deck that can improve your hand.
  9. (broadcasting) Being broadcast (“on the air”), as it happens.
    The station presented a live news program every evening.
    Are we live?
  10. (of a performance or speech) In person.
    This nightclub has a live band on weekends.
  11. (entertainment, performing) Recorded from a performance in front of an audience.
    a live album
  12. Of firearms or explosives, capable of causing harm.
    The air force practices dropping live bombs on the uninhabited island.
  13. (circuitry) Electrically charged or energized, usually indicating that the item may cause electrocution if touched.
    Use caution when working near live wires.
  14. (poker) Being a bet which can be raised by the bettor, usually in reference to a blind or straddle.
    Tommy’s blind was live, so he was given the option to raise.
  15. Featuring humans; not animated, in the phrases “live actors” or “live action”.
  16. Being in a state of ignition; burning.
    a live coal; live embers
  17. (obsolete, slang, of a person) Full of earnestness; active; wide awake; glowing.
    a live man, or orator
  18. (obsolete) Vivid; bright.
    • the live carnation
Usage notes
  • Live in the sense of “having life” is used only attributively (before a noun), as in “live animals”. Predicatively (after the noun), alive is used, as in “be alive”. Living may be used either attributively or predicatively.
Synonyms
  • (having life): living, alive; see also Thesaurus:alive
  • (being in existence): real
  • (electrically charged): hot
  • (in person): in person, in the flesh
Antonyms
  • (having life): dead
  • (capable of causing harm): blank, dummy
  • (electrically charged): neutral, dead
  • (as it happens): recorded, prerecorded
  • (in person): broadcast
  • (featuring humans): animated
Derived terms
Compounds
  • live actors
  • live action
  • live album
  • live box
  • live broadcast
  • live recording
Translations

Adverb

live (comparative more live, superlative most live)

  1. Of an event, as it happens; in real time; direct.
    The concert was broadcast live by radio.
  2. Of making a performance or speech, in person.
    He’ll be appearing live at the auditorium.
Translations

Further reading

  • live in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • live in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • Levi, Viel, evil, veil, vile, vlei

Danish

Etymology 1

Verbal form of the noun liv (life).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /liːvə/, [ˈliːʊ̯ə], [ˈliːʊ]

Verb

live (imperative liv, infinitive at live, present tense liver, past tense livede, perfect tense har livet)

  1. enliven
Usage notes

Used with op (up): live op

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English live [1965].

Adverb

live

  1. live (as it happens)
Synonyms
  • direkte

Esperanto

Etymology

From liva +‎ -e.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈlive/
  • Hyphenation: li‧ve
  • Rhymes: -ive

Adverb

live (lative liven)

  1. (neologism) on the left

Synonyms

  • maldekstre

Antonyms

  • dekstre

Related terms

  • liven

Finnish

Etymology 1


lipeä +‎ -e

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈliʋeˣ/, [ˈliʋe̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -iʋe
  • Syllabification: li‧ve

Noun

live

  1. (dialectal) lye
Declension
Synonyms
  • lipeä

Etymology 2


From English live.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈliʋe/, [ˈliʋe̞]
  • Rhymes: -iʋe
  • Syllabification: li‧ve

Adjective

live (not comparable)

  1. (nonstandard) live
Usage notes
  • Chiefly used as modifier in compound terms:
    live-esitys

    live performance
  • Almost always used in essive singular when used independently:
    He esiintyvät tänään livenä areenalla.

    They will perform live today at the arena.

Synonyms

  • elävä

Anagrams

  • Elvi, Veli, ilve, veli

French

Pronunciation

Adjective

live

  1. recorded at a concert as opposed to in a studio
  2. in real time

Synonyms

  • en direct

Noun

live m (plural live)

  1. live stream, a video broadcast in real time, a Q&A (even written) in real time
    comment faire un live sur YouTube – how to do a livestream on YouTube
    Le Monde a fait un live pendant le confinement.Le Monde did a live Q&A during the lockdown.

Derived terms

  • album live

German

Etymology

From English live.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /laɪ̯f/

Adverb

live

  1. (broadcast, event) live (at it happens, in real time, directly)

Usage notes

  • There is no adjective corresponding to live, but it can form compounds (see below).

Synonyms

  • direkt
  • in Echtzeit

Derived terms

  • Livekonzert, Live-Konzert
  • Liveschaltung, Live-Schaltung
  • Livesendung, Live-Sendung
  • Liveübertragung, Live-Übertragung

Further reading

  • “live” in Duden online

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈlajv/

Adjective

live (invariable)

  1. performed or recorded live

References

Anagrams

  • Levi, levi, veli, vile

Latin

Verb

līvē

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of līveō

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /²liːʋə/ (example of pronunciation)

Noun

live n

  1. dative singular of liv
Usage notes
  • Used only in the fixed expressions i live and til live.

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English live.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɑɪ̯ʋ/ (example of pronunciation)

Adjective

live (singular and plural live)

  1. live (some technical senses)
    1. (broadcasting) on air
    2. (of a performance or speech) in person
    3. (entertainment, performing) recorded in front of a live audience

Etymology 3

From Old Norse hlífa, from Proto-Germanic *hlībijaną. The noun is derived from the verb.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /²liːʋə/ (example of pronunciation)

Verb

live (present tense liver, past tense livde, past participle livd/livt, passive infinitive livast, present participle livande, imperative liv)

  1. (transitive) to shelter, protect, especially from the weather and elements
Alternative forms
  • liva (a-infinitive)
Related terms
  • livd f

Noun

live n (definite singular livet, uncountable)

  1. (rare) shelter, cover, protection, especially from the elements
    Synonyms: le, livd, ly

Etymology 4

Of the noun liv n (life).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /²liːʋə/ (example of pronunciation)

Verb

live (present tense livar, past tense liva, past participle liva, passive infinitive livast, present participle livande, imperative liv)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to liven
Alternative forms
  • liva (a-infinitive)
Derived terms
  • live opp

References

  • “live” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Anagrams

  • elvi, evli, leiv, Levi, veil

Picard

Etymology

From Latin liber.

Noun

live m (plural lives)

  1. book

Swazi

Noun

líve 5 (plural émáve 6)

  1. country

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


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