earn vs garner what difference

what is difference between earn and garner

English

Etymology 1

From Middle English ernen, from Old English earnian, from Proto-West Germanic *aʀanōn, from Proto-Germanic *azanōną.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɜːn/
  • (US) enPR: ûrn, IPA(key): /ɝn/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)n
  • Homophones: ern, erne, urn

Verb

earn (third-person singular simple present earns, present participle earning, simple past and past participle earned or (chiefly UK) earnt)

  1. (transitive) To gain (success, reward, recognition) through applied effort or work.
  2. (transitive) To receive payment for work.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  3. (intransitive) To receive payment for work.
  4. (transitive) To cause (someone) to receive payment or reward.
  5. (transitive) To achieve by being worthy of.
Synonyms
  • (gain through applied effort or work): deserve, merit, garner, win
  • ((transitive) receive payment for work):
  • ((intransitive) receive payment for work):
  • (cause someone to receive payment or reward): yield, make, generate, render
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

Probably either:

  • from Middle English erne, ernen (to coagulate, congeal) (chiefly South Midlands)  [and other forms], a metathetic variant of rennen (to run; to coagulate, congeal), from Old English rinnen (to run) (with the variants iernan, irnan) and Old Norse rinna (to move quickly, run; of liquid: to flow, run; to melt), both ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₃er- (to move, stir; to rise, spring); or
  • a back-formation from earning ((Britain regional, archaic) rennet).

Verb

earn (third-person singular simple present earns, present participle earning, simple past and past participle earned) (Britain, dialectal)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To curdle (milk), especially in the cheesemaking process.
    Synonyms: run, (Northern England, Scotland) yearn
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) Of milk: to curdle, espcially in the cheesemaking process.

Etymology 3

A variant of yearn.

Verb

earn (third-person singular simple present earns, present participle earning, simple past and past participle earned)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To strongly long or yearn (for something or to do something).
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To grieve.

Etymology 4

Noun

earn (plural earns)

  1. Alternative form of erne

References

Anagrams

  • Arne, Near, Nera, eRNA, erna, nare, near, rean

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *arô, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃érō (eagle, large bird). Cognate with Old Frisian *ern, Old Saxon *arn, Old Dutch *arn, Old High German arn, Old Norse ǫrn, Gothic ???????????? (ara); and, outside the Germanic languages, with Ancient Greek ὄρνις (órnis, bird), Old Armenian որոր (oror, gull), Old Irish irar, Lithuanian erẽlis, Old Church Slavonic орьлъ (orĭlŭ).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /æ͜ɑrn/, [æ͜ɑrˠn]

Noun

earn m

  1. eagle

Declension

Descendants

  • English: erne

West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian *ern, from Proto-Germanic *arô, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃érō.

Noun

earn c (plural earnen, diminutive earntsje)

  1. eagle
  2. (figuratively) miser

Further reading

  • “earn”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011


English

Etymology

From Middle English gerner, from Old French gernier, guernier, variant of grenier, from Latin grānārium (granary). Doublet of granary.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɡɑː.nə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡɑːɹ.nɚ/
  • Homophone (non-rhotic accents only): Ghana
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(r)nə(r)

Noun

garner (plural garners)

  1. A granary; a store of grain.
    • That our garners may be full, affording all manner of store: that our sheep may bring forth thousands and ten thousands in our streets.
    • Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.
  2. An accumulation, supply, store, or hoard of something.
    • a. 1912, Voltairine de Cleyre, Death Shall Not Part Ye More
      Master, I bring from many wanderings,
      The gathered garner of my years to thee;
      One precious fruit of many rain-blown springs
      And sun-shod summers, ripened over-sea.

Translations

Verb

garner (third-person singular simple present garners, present participle garnering, simple past and past participle garnered) (transitive)

  1. To reap grain, gather it up, and store it in a granary.
  2. To gather, amass, hoard, as if harvesting grain.
    • 1835, Honoré de Balzac, The Lily of the Valley, Chapter 2
      I walked enormous distances…garnering thoughts even from the heather.
    • 1913, “Anton Berlage” in Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913
      He garnered the fruit of his studies in seven volumes.
    • 1956, Andrew North, Plague Ship, Chapter 14
      …its fleet went out to garner in the elusive but highly succulent fish.
  3. (often figuratively) To earn; to get; to accumulate or acquire by some effort or due to some fact
    Synonyms: reap, gain
    He garnered a reputation as a language expert.
    Her new book garnered high praise from the critics.
    His poor choices garnered him a steady stream of welfare checks.
    • 1983, Ronald Reagan, Proclamation 5031
      This country will never forget nor fail to honor those who have so courageously garnered our highest regard.
    • 1999, Bill Clinton, Proclamation 7259
      President Roosevelt garnered the support of our working men and women…
  4. (rare) To gather or become gathered; to accumulate or become accumulated; to become stored.
    • 1849, Tennyson, In Memoriam A.H.H., verse 82
      For this alone on Death I wreak / The wrath that garners in my heart;

Usage notes

The “earn, acquire, accumulate” sense should be read as a figurative extension of the original “harvest, gather” sense, sometimes with some inanimate achievement or choice metaphorically doing the “gathering”, as “The new book garnered high praise“, or with an indirect object, as, “The new book garnered the author high praise“. In this sense, the achievement, choice, or fact is actively gathering something, positive or negative, for its creator, even if that choice is inaction, as in “Failure to try can garner you the disapproval of the industrious“.

Quotations

  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:garner.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Garren, Graner, Ranger, ranger

Danish

Noun

garner n

  1. indefinite plural of garn

Norwegian Bokmål

Verb

garner

  1. imperative of garnere

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