earth vs ground what difference

what is difference between earth and ground

English

Alternative forms

  • airth (chiefly Scotland)
  • erd (dialect, rare)
  • yearth (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English erthe, from Old English eorþe (earth, ground, soil, dry land), from Proto-West Germanic *erþu, from Proto-Germanic *erþō (earth, ground, soil) (compare West Frisian ierde, Low German Eerd, Dutch aarde, Dutch Low Saxon eerde, German Erde, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian jord), related to *erwô (earth) (compare Old High German ero, perhaps Old Norse jǫrfi), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁er- (compare Ancient Greek *ἔρα (*éra) in ἔραζε (éraze, on the ground), perhaps Tocharian B yare (gravel).

Probably unrelated, and of unknown etymology, is Old Armenian երկիր (erkir, earth). Likewise, the phonologically similar Proto-Semitic *ʔarṣ́- – whence Arabic أَرْض(ʾarḍ), Hebrew אֶרֶץ(ʾereṣ) – is probably not related.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɜːθ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɝθ/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)θ

Proper noun

earth

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Earth; Our planet, third out from the Sun.

Usage notes

  • The word earth is capitalized to Earth when used in context with other celestial bodies.

Translations

Noun

earth (countable and uncountable, plural earths)

  1. (uncountable) Soil.
  2. (uncountable) Any general rock-based material.
  3. The ground, land (as opposed to the sky or sea).
  4. (Britain) A connection electrically to the earth ((US) ground); on equipment: a terminal connected in that manner.
  5. The lair or den (as a hole in the ground) of an animal such as a fox.
  6. A region of the planet; a land or country.
  7. Worldly things, as against spiritual ones.
  8. The world of our current life (as opposed to heaven or an afterlife).
  9. The people on the globe.
  10. (archaic) The human body.
  11. (alchemy, philosophy and Taoism) The aforementioned soil- or rock-based material, considered one of the four or five classical elements.
  12. (chemistry, obsolete) Any of certain substances now known to be oxides of metal, which were distinguished by being infusible, and by insolubility in water.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

Verb

earth (third-person singular simple present earths, present participle earthing, simple past and past participle earthed)

  1. (Britain, transitive) To connect electrically to the earth.
    Synonym: ground
  2. (transitive) To bury.
  3. (transitive) To hide, or cause to hide, in the earth; to chase into a burrow or den.
  4. (intransitive) To burrow.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Tickell to this entry?)

Derived terms

  • earthing
  • unearth

Translations

Anagrams

  • Erath, Harte, Heart, Herat, Herta, Rathe, Taher, Terah, Thera, hater, heart, rathe, rehat, th’are, thare


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /ɡɹaʊnd/
  • Rhymes: -aʊnd

Etymology 1

From Middle English grounde, from Old English grund, from Proto-Germanic *grunduz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥mtu-. Cognate with West Frisian grûn, Dutch grond and German Grund. Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian grundë (brittle earth).

Alternative forms

  • GND (contraction used in electronics)

Noun

ground (countable and uncountable, plural grounds)

  1. The surface of the Earth, as opposed to the sky or water or underground.
    • Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. [] Frills, ruffles, flounces, lace, complicated seams and gores: not only did they sweep the ground and have to be held up in one hand elegantly as you walked along, but they had little capes or coats or feather boas.
  2. (uncountable) Terrain.
  3. Soil, earth.
  4. (countable) The bottom of a body of water.
  5. Basis, foundation, groundwork, legwork.
  6. (chiefly in the plural) Reason, (epistemic) justification, cause.
  7. Background, context, framework, surroundings.
  8. (historical) The area on which a battle is fought, particularly as referring to the area occupied by one side or the other. Often, according to the eventualities, “to give ground” or “to gain ground”.
  9. (figuratively, by extension) Advantage given or gained in any contest; e.g. in football, chess, debate or academic discourse.
  10. The plain surface upon which the figures of an artistic composition are set.
    crimson flowers on a white ground
  11. (sculpture) A flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief.
  12. (point lace) The net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied.
    Brussels ground
  13. (etching) A gummy substance spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.
  14. (architecture, chiefly in the plural) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which mouldings etc. are attached.
    Grounds are usually put up first and the plastering floated flush with them.
  15. (countable) A soccer stadium.
  16. (electricity, Canada and US) An electrical conductor connected to the earth, or a large conductor whose electrical potential is taken as zero (such as a steel chassis).
  17. (countable, cricket) The area of grass on which a match is played (a cricket field); the entire arena in which it is played; the part of the field behind a batsman’s popping crease where he can not be run out (hence to make one’s ground).
  18. (music) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody.
  19. (music) The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song.
    • 1592, William Shakespeare, The Life and Death of Richard III, act III, scene vii, in: The Works of Shakeſpear V (1726), page 149:
      Buck[ingham]   The Mayor is here at hand; pretend ſome fear, // Be not you ſpoke with, but by mighty ſuit; // And look you get a prayer-book in your hand, // And ſtand between two churchmen, good my lord, // For on that ground I’ll build a holy deſcant: // And be not eaſily won to our requeſts: // Play the maid’s part, ſtill anſwer nay, and take it.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Moore (Encyc.) to this entry?)
  20. The pit of a theatre.
    • 1614, Ben Jonson, Bartholomew Fair
      the understanding gentlemen o’ the ground here ask’d my judgment
Synonyms
  • (electricity) earth (British)
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Related terms
  • Pages starting with “ground”.
Translations
See also
  • floor
  • terra firma

Verb

ground (third-person singular simple present grounds, present participle grounding, simple past and past participle grounded)

  1. (US) To connect (an electrical conductor or device) to a ground.
    Synonym: earth
  2. (transitive) To punish, especially a child or teenager, by forcing them to stay at home and/or give up certain privileges.
    Synonym: gate
    If you don’t clean your room, I’ll have no choice but to ground you.
    Eric, you are grounded until further notice for lying to us about where you were last night!
    My kids are currently grounded from television.
  3. (transitive) To forbid (an aircraft or pilot) to fly.
    Because of the bad weather, all flights were grounded.
  4. To give a basic education in a particular subject; to instruct in elements or first principles.
    Jim was grounded in maths.
  5. (baseball) To hit a ground ball. Compare fly (verb(regular)) and line (verb).
  6. To place something on the ground.
  7. (intransitive) To run aground; to strike the bottom and remain fixed.
    The ship grounded on the bar.
  8. To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly.
    • being rooted and grounded in love
    • So far from warranting any inference to the existence of a God, would, on the contrary, ground even an argument to his negation.
  9. (fine arts) To cover with a ground, as a copper plate for etching, or as paper or other materials with a uniform tint as a preparation for ornament.
  10. To improve or focus the mental or emotional state of.
    I ground myself with meditation.
Translations

Etymology 2

Inflected form of grind. See also milled.

Verb

ground

  1. simple past tense and past participle of grind

Adjective

ground (not comparable)

  1. Crushed, or reduced to small particles.
    Synonym: milled
  2. Processed by grinding.
    • 2018, H Glimpel, HJ Lauffer, A Bremstahler, Finishing Tool, In Particular End Milling Cutter, US Patent App. 15/764,739
      An advantage of such a finishing tool is that, after the machining, the workpiece has high surface quality. The surface which is produced appears finely ground to polished by means of this procedure.
Derived terms
  • ground beef
  • ground pepper
  • stoneground
Translations

Descendants

  • Tok Pisin: graun

References

  • ground at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • dog run

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • grund, grounde

Etymology

From Old English grund, from Proto-Germanic *grunduz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡruːnd/

Noun

ground

  1. ground
  2. Earth

Declension

Descendants

  • English: ground
    • Fiji Hindi: garaund
    • Maltese: grawnd
  • Scots: grund, groond, greund
  • Yola: greoune

References

  • “grǒund, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

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