eat vs exhaust what difference

what is difference between eat and exhaust

English

Etymology

From Middle English eten, from Old English etan (to eat), from Proto-West Germanic *etan, from Proto-Germanic *etaną (to eat), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁édti, from *h₁ed- (to eat).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /iːt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /it/
  • Rhymes: -iːt

Verb

eat (third-person singular simple present eats, present participle eating, simple past ate or (dialectal) et or (obsolete) eat, past participle eaten or (dialectal) etten)

  1. To ingest; to be ingested.
    1. (transitive, intransitive) To consume (something solid or semi-solid, usually food) by putting it into the mouth and swallowing it.
      • At twilight in the summer there is never anybody to fear—man, woman, or cat—in the chambers and at that hour the mice come out. They do not eat parchment or foolscap or red tape, but they eat the luncheon crumbs.
    2. (intransitive) To consume a meal.
      • 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
        I eat in the kitchen.

    3. (intransitive, ergative) To be eaten.
      • 1852, The New Monthly Magazine (page 310)
        I don’t know any quarter in England where you get such undeniable mutton—mutton that eats like mutton, instead of the nasty watery, stringy, turnipy stuff, neither mutton nor lamb, that other countries are inundated with.
      • 1863, Sheridan Le Fanu, The House by the Churchyard
        [] dish him [the fish] with slices of oranges, barberries, grapes, gooseberries, and butter; and you will find that he eats deliriously either with farced pain or gammon pain.
    4. (copulative, intransitive) To have a particular quality of diet; to be well-fed or underfed (typically as “eat healthy” or “eat good”).
  2. To use up.
    1. (transitive) To destroy, consume, or use up.
      • 1857-1859, William Makepeace Thackeray, The Virginians
        His wretched estate is eaten up with mortgages.
    2. (transitive, programming, informal) To consume (an exception, an event, etc.) so that other parts of the program do not receive it.
      • 2005, Wallace B. McClure, ‎Gregory A. Beamer, ‎John J. Croft IV, Professional ADO.NET 2 (page 246)
        A bigger problem, however, is that if you catch/eat an exception and do nothing with it, you are very likely introducing subtle bugs in your application that will be next to impossible to track down.
    3. (transitive, informal, of a device) To damage, destroy, or fail to eject a removable part or an inserted object.
      • 1991, Shane Black, The Last Boy Scout (movie)
        No! There’s a problem with the cassette player. Don’t press fast forward or it eats the tape!
    4. (transitive, informal, of a vending machine or similar device) To consume money (or other instruments of value, such as a token) deposited or inserted by a user, while failing to either provide the intended product or service, or return the payment.
      • 1977, Nancy Dowd, Slap Shot (movie)
        Hey! This stupid [soda vending] machine ate my quarter.
  3. (transitive, informal) To cause (someone) to worry.
  4. (transitive, business) To take the loss in a transaction.
    • 1988, George Gallo, Midnight Run (movie)
      I have to have him in court tomorrow, if he doesn’t show up, I forfeit the bond and I have to eat the $300,000.
  5. (transitive, slang) To be injured or killed by (something such as a firearm or its projectile), especially in the mouth.
    • 1944, William Faulkner, Leigh Brackett, Jules Furthman, The Big Sleep (screenplay)
      I risk my whole future, the hatred of the cops and Eddie Mars’ gang. I dodge bullets and eat saps.
    • 1997, A. A. Gill, “Diary” (in The Spectator, 1 November 1997):
      Friends are only necessary in the ghastly country, where you have to have them, along with rubber boots and a barometer and secateurs, to put off bucolic idiocy, a wet brain, or eating the 12-bore.
    • 2012, Kaya McLaren, How I Came to Sparkle Again: A Novel, St. Martin’s Press (→ISBN):
      Mike had been to other calls where someone had eaten a gun. He knew to expect teeth embedded in the ceiling and brains dripping off it.
    • 2017, Edward W. Robertson, Stardust, Edward W. Robertson:
      The animal was sweating and scared and MacAdams was surprised when they finished up without either of them eating a kick.
    • 2018, Daniel Tomazic, Of Bullies and Men: Young Adult Fiction (→ISBN), page 18:
      There was a resounding smacking noise and Georgy was sure Philip had just eaten a fist.
  6. (transitive, intransitive) To corrode or erode.
  7. (transitive, slang) To perform oral sex (on a person or body part).
Conjugation

Synonyms

  • (consume): consume, swallow; see also Thesaurus:eat
  • (cause to worry): bother, disturb, worry
  • (eat a meal): dine, breakfast, chow down, feed one’s face, have one’s breakfast/lunch/dinner/supper/tea, lunch

Derived terms

Related terms

  • fret
  • ort

Translations

See also

  • drink
  • edible
  • food

Noun

eat (plural eats)

  1. (colloquial) Something to be eaten; a meal; a food item.
    • 2011, William Chitty, ‎Nigel Barker, ‎Michael Valos, Integrated Marketing Communications (page 167)
      Eating a Picnic creates a flurry of wafer pieces, flying peanuts and chocolate crumbs. [] As well as being messy, Picnic happens to be a big eat – something of a consumption challenge in fact.

Anagrams

  • -ate, AET, Até, Atë, ETA, TEA, Tea, a.e.t., aet, ate, eta, tea, æt.

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈe.at/, [ˈeät̪]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈe.at/, [ˈɛːɑt̪]

Verb

eat

  1. third-person singular present active subjunctive of

Northern Sami

Pronunciation

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈea̯h(t)/

Verb

eat

  1. first-person plural present of ii

West Frisian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪə̯t/

Pronoun

eat

  1. something, anything
    Antonym: neat

Further reading

  • “eat”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011


English

Etymology

From Latin exhaustus, past participle of exhaurīre (to draw out, drink up, empty, exhaust), from ex (out) + haurīre (to draw (especially water), drain).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪɡˈzɔːst/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːst

Verb

exhaust (third-person singular simple present exhausts, present participle exhausting, simple past and past participle exhausted)

  1. (transitive) To draw or let out wholly; to drain off completely
  2. (transitive) To empty by drawing or letting out the contents
  3. (transitive, figuratively) To drain; to use up or expend wholly, or until the supply comes to an end
  4. (transitive) to tire out; to wear out; to cause to be without any energy
  5. (transitive) To bring out or develop completely
  6. (transitive) to discuss thoroughly or completely
  7. (transitive, chemistry) To subject to the action of various solvents in order to remove all soluble substances or extractives

Synonyms

  • spend, consume
  • tire out, weary
  • See also Thesaurus:fatigue

Related terms

  • exhausted
  • exhausting
  • exhaustion
  • exhaustive
  • exhaustible

Translations

Noun

exhaust (plural exhausts)

  1. A system consisting of the parts of an engine through which burned gases or steam are discharged; see also exhaust system.
  2. The steam let out of a cylinder after it has done its work there.
  3. The dirty air let out of a room through a register or pipe provided for the purpose.
  4. An exhaust pipe, especially on a motor vehicle.
  5. exhaust gas.

Derived terms

Translations

Descendants

  • Gulf Arabic: اقزوز(igzōz)
  • Hebrew: אֶגְזוֹז(egzóz)
  • Persian: اگزوز

Adjective

exhaust (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Exhausted; used up.

Further reading

  • exhaust in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • exhaust in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • exhaust at OneLook Dictionary Search

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin exhaustus.

Adjective

exhaust (feminine exhausta, masculine plural exhausts or exhaustos, feminine plural exhaustes)

  1. out of (no longer in possession of)
  2. exhausted

Related terms

  • exhaurir
  • exhaustió
  • exhaustiu

Further reading

  • “exhaust” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “exhaust” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “exhaust” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “exhaust” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

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