eat vs rust what difference

what is difference between eat and rust

English

Etymology

From Middle English eten, from Old English etan (to eat), from Proto-West Germanic *etan, from Proto-Germanic *etaną (to eat), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁édti, from *h₁ed- (to eat).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /iːt/
  • (US) IPA(key): /it/
  • Rhymes: -iːt

Verb

eat (third-person singular simple present eats, present participle eating, simple past ate or (dialectal) et or (obsolete) eat, past participle eaten or (dialectal) etten)

  1. To ingest; to be ingested.
    1. (transitive, intransitive) To consume (something solid or semi-solid, usually food) by putting it into the mouth and swallowing it.
      • At twilight in the summer there is never anybody to fear—man, woman, or cat—in the chambers and at that hour the mice come out. They do not eat parchment or foolscap or red tape, but they eat the luncheon crumbs.
    2. (intransitive) To consume a meal.
      • 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
        I eat in the kitchen.

    3. (intransitive, ergative) To be eaten.
      • 1852, The New Monthly Magazine (page 310)
        I don’t know any quarter in England where you get such undeniable mutton—mutton that eats like mutton, instead of the nasty watery, stringy, turnipy stuff, neither mutton nor lamb, that other countries are inundated with.
      • 1863, Sheridan Le Fanu, The House by the Churchyard
        [] dish him [the fish] with slices of oranges, barberries, grapes, gooseberries, and butter; and you will find that he eats deliriously either with farced pain or gammon pain.
    4. (copulative, intransitive) To have a particular quality of diet; to be well-fed or underfed (typically as “eat healthy” or “eat good”).
  2. To use up.
    1. (transitive) To destroy, consume, or use up.
      • 1857-1859, William Makepeace Thackeray, The Virginians
        His wretched estate is eaten up with mortgages.
    2. (transitive, programming, informal) To consume (an exception, an event, etc.) so that other parts of the program do not receive it.
      • 2005, Wallace B. McClure, ‎Gregory A. Beamer, ‎John J. Croft IV, Professional ADO.NET 2 (page 246)
        A bigger problem, however, is that if you catch/eat an exception and do nothing with it, you are very likely introducing subtle bugs in your application that will be next to impossible to track down.
    3. (transitive, informal, of a device) To damage, destroy, or fail to eject a removable part or an inserted object.
      • 1991, Shane Black, The Last Boy Scout (movie)
        No! There’s a problem with the cassette player. Don’t press fast forward or it eats the tape!
    4. (transitive, informal, of a vending machine or similar device) To consume money (or other instruments of value, such as a token) deposited or inserted by a user, while failing to either provide the intended product or service, or return the payment.
      • 1977, Nancy Dowd, Slap Shot (movie)
        Hey! This stupid [soda vending] machine ate my quarter.
  3. (transitive, informal) To cause (someone) to worry.
  4. (transitive, business) To take the loss in a transaction.
    • 1988, George Gallo, Midnight Run (movie)
      I have to have him in court tomorrow, if he doesn’t show up, I forfeit the bond and I have to eat the $300,000.
  5. (transitive, slang) To be injured or killed by (something such as a firearm or its projectile), especially in the mouth.
    • 1944, William Faulkner, Leigh Brackett, Jules Furthman, The Big Sleep (screenplay)
      I risk my whole future, the hatred of the cops and Eddie Mars’ gang. I dodge bullets and eat saps.
    • 1997, A. A. Gill, “Diary” (in The Spectator, 1 November 1997):
      Friends are only necessary in the ghastly country, where you have to have them, along with rubber boots and a barometer and secateurs, to put off bucolic idiocy, a wet brain, or eating the 12-bore.
    • 2012, Kaya McLaren, How I Came to Sparkle Again: A Novel, St. Martin’s Press (→ISBN):
      Mike had been to other calls where someone had eaten a gun. He knew to expect teeth embedded in the ceiling and brains dripping off it.
    • 2017, Edward W. Robertson, Stardust, Edward W. Robertson:
      The animal was sweating and scared and MacAdams was surprised when they finished up without either of them eating a kick.
    • 2018, Daniel Tomazic, Of Bullies and Men: Young Adult Fiction (→ISBN), page 18:
      There was a resounding smacking noise and Georgy was sure Philip had just eaten a fist.
  6. (transitive, intransitive) To corrode or erode.
  7. (transitive, slang) To perform oral sex (on a person or body part).
Conjugation

Synonyms

  • (consume): consume, swallow; see also Thesaurus:eat
  • (cause to worry): bother, disturb, worry
  • (eat a meal): dine, breakfast, chow down, feed one’s face, have one’s breakfast/lunch/dinner/supper/tea, lunch

Derived terms

Related terms

  • fret
  • ort

Translations

See also

  • drink
  • edible
  • food

Noun

eat (plural eats)

  1. (colloquial) Something to be eaten; a meal; a food item.
    • 2011, William Chitty, ‎Nigel Barker, ‎Michael Valos, Integrated Marketing Communications (page 167)
      Eating a Picnic creates a flurry of wafer pieces, flying peanuts and chocolate crumbs. [] As well as being messy, Picnic happens to be a big eat – something of a consumption challenge in fact.

Anagrams

  • -ate, AET, Até, Atë, ETA, TEA, Tea, a.e.t., aet, ate, eta, tea, æt.

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈe.at/, [ˈeät̪]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈe.at/, [ˈɛːɑt̪]

Verb

eat

  1. third-person singular present active subjunctive of

Northern Sami

Pronunciation

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈea̯h(t)/

Verb

eat

  1. first-person plural present of ii

West Frisian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪə̯t/

Pronoun

eat

  1. something, anything
    Antonym: neat

Further reading

  • “eat”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: rŭst, IPA(key): /ɹʌst/
  • Rhymes: -ʌst

Etymology 1

From Middle English rust, rost, roust, from Old English rust, rūst (rust), from Proto-West Germanic *rust, from Proto-Germanic *rustaz (rust), from Proto-Indo-European *rudʰso- (red), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red).

Cognate with Scots roust (rust), Saterland Frisian rust (rust), West Frisian roast (rust), Dutch roest (rust), German Rost (rust), Danish rust (rust), Swedish rost (rust), Norwegian rust, ryst (rust). Related to red.

Noun

rust (countable and uncountable, plural rusts)

  1. The deteriorated state of iron or steel as a result of moisture and oxidation.
    The rust on my bicycle chain made cycling to work very dangerous.
  2. A similar substance based on another metal (usually with qualification, such as “copper rust”).
    aerugo. Green or blue-green copper rust; verdigris. (American Heritage Dictionary, 1973)
  3. A reddish-brown color.
  4. A disease of plants caused by a reddish-brown fungus.
  5. (philately) Damage caused to stamps and album pages by a fungal infection.


Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English rusten, from the noun (see above).

Verb

rust (third-person singular simple present rusts, present participle rusting, simple past and past participle rusted)

  1. (intransitive) To oxidize, especially of iron or steel.
    The patio furniture had rusted in the wind-driven spray.
  2. (transitive) To cause to oxidize.
    The wind-driven spray had thoroughly rusted the patio furniture.
  3. (intransitive) To be affected with the parasitic fungus called rust.
  4. (transitive, intransitive, figuratively) To (cause to) degenerate in idleness; to make or become dull or impaired by inaction.
    • 1692, John Dryden, Cleomenes, the Spartan Hero, a Tragedy
      Must I rust in Egypt? never more / Appear in arms, and be the chief of Greece?
Synonyms
  • oxidise / oxidize
  • corrode
Translations
See also

Anagrams

  • RTUs, UTRs, ruts, stur, turs

Danish

Etymology

From Old Swedish rost (rust), from Old Norse *rustr, possibly borrowed from Old Saxon rost, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *rustaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rost/, [ʁɔsd̥]

Noun

rust c (singular definite rusten, not used in plural form)

  1. rust
  2. corrosion

Verb

rust

  1. imperative of ruste

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rʏst/
  • Hyphenation: rust
  • Rhymes: -ʏst

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch ruste, from Old Dutch *rusta, from Proto-Germanic *rustijō. Cognate with German Low German Rüst (rest), German Rüste (end, sunset).

Noun

rust f (plural rusten)

  1. rest, calm, peace
  2. (sports) half-time
Derived terms
  • rusteloos
  • rustig
Descendants
  • Negerhollands: rust, res

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

rust

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of rusten
  2. imperative of rusten

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English rust, rūst, from Proto-West Germanic *rust, *rost, from Proto-Germanic *rustaz.

Alternative forms

  • rost, roste, roust, rouste, ruste

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rust/
  • (rare) IPA(key): /ruːst/

Noun

rust (uncountable)

  1. rust (oxidisation of iron or steel)
  2. (figuratively) Moral degeneration.
  3. (horticulture) A fungal disease of plants.
Related terms
  • rusten
  • rusty
Descendants
  • English: rust
  • Scots: roost, roust
References
  • “rū̆st, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 2

Verb

rust

  1. Alternative form of rusten

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

rust m or f (definite singular rusta or rusten) (uncountable)

  1. rust (oxidation of iron and steel)
  2. rust (disease affecting plants)

Derived terms

  • rustrød

Verb

rust

  1. imperative of ruste

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic *rustaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rʉst/

Noun

rust f (definite singular rusta) (uncountable)

  1. rust (oxidation, as above)
  2. rust (plant disease)

Verb

rust

  1. imperative of rusta and ruste

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rʉːst/

Verb

rust

  1. past participle of rusa

References

  • “rust” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial