economical vs frugal what difference

what is difference between economical and frugal

English

Alternative forms

  • economicall (obsolete)
  • œconomical (archaic)
  • œconomicall (obsolete)

Etymology

economic +‎ -al

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌɛkəˈnɒmɪkəl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌɛkəˈnɑmɪkəl/

Adjective

economical (comparative more economical, superlative most economical)

  1. Careful with money so as not to spend too much; prudent; thrifty.
    He was an economical person by nature.
  2. Saving money or resources.
  3. (dated) Relating to economy in any other sense.
    • 1922, Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk, Capital and Interest: A Critical History of Economical Theory, page 218:
      By Use, then, in the sense given it by the Say-Hermann school, we have to think of an objective useful element which proceeds from goods, and acquires independent economical existence as well as independent economical value.
    • 2007, Who’s Who in the Arab World, page 312:
      Doctor in Economical Sciences.
    • 2010, New Techniques and Technologies in Mining, page 20:
      Economical function usually has anti-crisis orientation and forms stable economical development of the state.

Usage notes

Modern usage prefers economic when describing the economy of a region or country (and when referring to personal or family budgeting). Economical is preferred when referring to thrift or value for money. Cf. the adjective economy.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • economic


English

Etymology

From Middle French, from Latin frugalis (virtuous, thrifty)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɹuːɡəl/
  • Rhymes: -uːɡəl

Adjective

frugal (comparative more frugal, superlative most frugal)

  1. Avoiding unnecessary expenditure either of money or of anything else which is to be used or consumed; avoiding waste.

Synonyms

  • cheap
  • economical
  • thrifty
  • See also Thesaurus:frugal

Antonyms

  • lavish
  • prodigal
  • spendthrift

Derived terms

  • frugality

Translations

Further reading

  • frugal in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • frugal in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Late Latin frūgālis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fʁy.ɡal/

Adjective

frugal (feminine singular frugale, masculine plural frugaux, feminine plural frugales)

  1. frugal, austere

Related terms

  • frugalement
  • frugalité

Further reading

  • “frugal” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Galician

Etymology

From Latin frūgālis.

Adjective

frugal m or f (plural frugais)

  1. frugal, economical

German

Etymology

From French frugal, from Latin frugalis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [fʁuˈɡaːl]
  • Hyphenation: fru‧gal

Adjective

frugal (comparative frugaler, superlative am frugalsten)

  1. frugal

Declension

Further reading

  • “frugal” in Duden online

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: fru‧gal
  • Rhymes: -al, -aw

Etymology

From Latin frūgālis.

Adjective

frugal (plural frugais, comparable)

  1. frugal, economical

Romanian

Etymology

From French frugal, from Latin frugalis.

Adjective

frugal m or n (feminine singular frugală, masculine plural frugali, feminine and neuter plural frugale)

  1. frugal

Declension

Related terms

  • frugalitate

Spanish

Etymology

From Latin frūgālis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɾuˈɡal/, [fɾuˈɣ̞al]

Adjective

frugal (plural frugales)

  1. frugal, economical

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