edify vs enlighten what difference

what is difference between edify and enlighten

English

Alternative forms

  • ædify (archaic)

Etymology

From Old French edifier (to build, to edify), from Latin aedificare (build).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛdɪfaɪ/

Verb

edify (third-person singular simple present edifies, present participle edifying, simple past and past participle edified)

  1. (now rare) To build, construct.
  2. (transitive) To instruct or improve morally or intellectually.
    • January 23, 1783, Edward Gibbon, letter to Dr. Priestley
      It does not appear probable that our dispute [about miracles] would either edify or enlighten the public.
    • 1813, The Connecticut Evangelical Magazine, Vol. VI, page 455
      That they ought to edify one another by maintaining and promoting the knowledge of truth.
    • 1641, Francis Bacon, A Wise and Moderate Discourse, Concerning Church-Affaires
      frustrate the best endeavours in the edifying of the church

Related terms

  • edification
  • edificator
  • edifice
  • edifier
  • edifying

Translations

Anagrams

  • deify


English

Etymology

Formerly also inlighten, from Middle English enlightenen, inlightnen, a hybrid formed from inlighten (to enlighten, illuminate), from Old English inlīhtan, onlīhtan, enlīhten (to enlighten, illuminate, give light to, give sight to) and lightnen (to enlighten, illuminate) (equivalent to light +‎ -en). Cognate with Dutch inlichten (to enlighten, inform), Old High German inliuhten (to enlighten, illuminate), Gothic ???????????????????????????????????????? (inliuhtjan, to enlighten, illuminate). More at inlight, -en.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪnˈlaɪtən/, /ənˈlaɪtən/, /ɛnˈlaɪtən/
  • Rhymes: -aɪtən
  • Hyphenation: en‧light‧en

Verb

enlighten (third-person singular simple present enlightens, present participle enlightening, simple past and past participle enlightened)

  1. (transitive) To supply with light.
    Synonyms: illumine, illuminate; see also Thesaurus:illuminate
    Antonym: endarken
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To make something clear to (someone); to give knowledge or understanding to.
    Synonyms: apprise, notify, inform

Translations


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