educe vs extract what difference

what is difference between educe and extract

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin ēdūcere, present active infinitive of ēdūcō (lead out, raise up); from ex- (out, up) + dūcō (lead, pull).

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɪˈduːs/, /ə-/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɪˈdjuːs/, /ə-/
  • Rhymes: -uːs
  • Hyphenation: e‧duce

Verb

educe (third-person singular simple present educes, present participle educing, simple past and past participle educed)

  1. (transitive, now rare) To direct the course of (a flow, journey etc.); to lead in a particular direction. [from 15th c.]
  2. (transitive) To infer or deduce (a result, theory etc.) from existing data or premises. [from 16th c.]
  3. (transitive) To draw out or bring forth from some basic or potential state; to elicit, to develop. [from 17th c.]
    • 1790, Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Men:
      The justice of God may be vindicated by a belief in a future state; but, only by believing that evil is educing good for the individual, and not for an imaginary whole.
  4. (transitive, chemistry) To isolate (a substance) from a compound; to extract. [from 17th c.]
  5. (transitive) To cause or generate; to bring about. [from 19th c.]

Translations

Noun

educe

  1. An inference.

Anagrams

  • deuce

Italian

Verb

educe

  1. third-person singular present indicative of edurre

Anagrams

  • cedue

Latin

Verb

ēdūce

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of ēdūcō

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [eˈdut͡ʃe]

Verb

educe

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive of educa
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of educa

Spanish

Verb

educe

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of educir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of educir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of educir.


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin extractum, neuter perfect passive participle of extrahō.

Pronunciation

  • (noun): enPR: ĕks’trăkt, IPA(key): /ˈɛkstɹækt/
  • (verb): enPR: ĭkstrăkt’, IPA(key): /ɪksˈtɹækt/, IPA(key): /ɛksˈtɹækt/
  • Rhymes: -ækt

Noun

extract (plural extracts)

  1. Something that is extracted or drawn out.
  2. A portion of a book or document, incorporated distinctly in another work; a citation; a quotation.
    I used an extract of Hemingway’s book to demonstrate culture shock.
  3. A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue
    extract of beef
    extract of dandelion
    vanilla extract
  4. Any substance extracted is such a way, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained
    quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.
  5. A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant (distinguished from an abstract).
  6. (obsolete) A peculiar principle (fundamental essence) once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts.
  7. Ancestry; descent.
  8. A draft or copy of writing; a certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgment therein, with an order for execution.

Synonyms

  • (that which is extracted): extraction; See also Thesaurus:decrement
  • (principle): extractive principle
  • (ancestry, descent): origin, extraction

Derived terms

  • yeast extract

Translations

See also

  • tincture

Verb

extract (third-person singular simple present extracts, present participle extracting, simple past extracted, past participle extracted or (archaic) extraught)

  1. (transitive) To draw out; to pull out; to remove forcibly from a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.
    to extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, or a splinter from the finger
  2. (transitive) To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other mechanical or chemical process. Compare abstract (transitive verb).
    to extract an essential oil from a plant
  3. (transitive) To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as a passage from a book.
    • 1724, Jonathan Swift, Drapier’s Letters, 4
      I have thought it proper to extract out of that pamphlet a few of those notorious falsehoods.
  4. (transitive) To select parts of a whole
    We need to try to extract the positives from the defeat.
  5. (transitive, arithmetic) To determine (a root of a number).
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      [] Mr. Nackybal was thoroughly examined, both in cubing and extracting, from the table that Louit had provided.

Synonyms

  • (to draw out): outdraw
  • (to take by selection): sunder out

Translations


Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch extract, from Latin extractum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛksˈtrɑkt/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧tract
  • Rhymes: -ɑkt

Noun

extract n (plural extracten)

  1. extract, decoction
    Synonym: aftreksel
  2. (obsolete) abridgement of a text
    Synonym: uittreksel

Derived terms

  • plantenextract
  • thee-extract

Descendants

  • Indonesian: ekstrak

Romanian

Etymology

From Latin extractus

Noun

extract n (plural extracte)

  1. extract

Declension


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