efface vs erase what difference

what is difference between efface and erase

English

Etymology

From Middle French effacer (erase), from Old French esfacier (remove the face).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /əˈfeɪs/, /ɪˈfeɪs/
  • Rhymes: -eɪs

Verb

efface (third-person singular simple present effaces, present participle effacing, simple past and past participle effaced)

  1. (transitive) To erase (as anything impressed or inscribed upon a surface); to render illegible or indiscernible.
    • 1825, Walter Scott, The Talisman, A.L. Burt Company (1832?), 15:
      An outline of the same device might be traced on his shield, though many a blow had almost effaced the painting.
  2. (transitive) To cause to disappear as if by rubbing out or striking out.
  3. (reflexive) To make oneself inobtrusive as if due to modesty or diffidence.
  4. (medicine) Of the cervix during pregnancy, to thin and stretch in preparation for labor.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • deface

Anagrams

  • Caffee

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e.fas/

Noun

efface f (plural effaces)

  1. (Quebec) eraser

Verb

efface

  1. first-person singular present indicative of effacer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of effacer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of effacer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of effacer
  5. second-person singular imperative of effacer

Further reading

  • “efface” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).


English

Etymology

From Latin erasus, past participle of eradere (to scrape, to abrade), from ex- (out of) + radere (to scrape). Compare Middle English arasen, aracen (to eradicate, erase). Displaced native Old English dilegian.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: ĭ-rāzʹ, IPA(key): /ɪˈɹeɪz/
  • (US) enPR: ĭ-rāsʹ, IPA(key): /ɪˈɹeɪs/
  • Rhymes: -eɪs, -eɪz

Verb

erase (third-person singular simple present erases, present participle erasing, simple past and past participle erased)

  1. (transitive) to remove markings or information
  2. (transitive) To obliterate information from (a storage medium), such as to clear or (with magnetic storage) to demagnetize.
  3. (transitive) To obliterate (information) from a storage medium, such as to clear or to overwrite.
  4. (transitive, baseball) To remove a runner from the bases via a double play or pick off play
  5. (intransitive) To be erased (have markings removed, have information removed, or be cleared of information).
  6. (transitive) To disregard (a group, an orientation, etc.); to prevent from having an active role in society.
    • 1998, Janice Lynn Ristock, Catherine Taylor, Inside the academy and out
      I suggest, then, that counterdiscourses, when reductive, tend to emulate the screen discourse that erases gay sociality.
    • 2004, Daniel Lefkowitz, Words and Stones (page 209)
      As a result, Palestinians are hyperpresent in Israeli media, while Mizrahim are erased from public discourse.
    • 2011, Qwo-Li Driskill, Queer Indigenous Studies (page 40)
      Silence around Native sexuality benefits the colonizers and erases queer Native people from their communities.
  7. (transitive, slang) To kill; assassinate.

Antonyms

  • (remove markings or information): record

Derived terms

Related terms

  • erasure

Translations

Noun

erase (plural erases)

  1. (computing) The operation of deleting data.
    • 2000, Mark D. Hill, Norman P. Jouppi, Gurindar S. Sohi, Readings in Computer Architecture (page 603)
      This subsystem is waiting to become Exclusive after having issued an erase.

Anagrams

  • Rease, eares, easer, saree

Italian

Verb

erase

  1. third-person singular past historic of eradere

Verb

erase f

  1. plural of eraso

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /eːˈraː.se/, [eːˈɾäːs̠ɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /eˈra.se/, [ɛˈrɑːs̬ɛ]

Participle

ērāse

  1. vocative masculine singular of ērāsus

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