effectual vs sound what difference

what is difference between effectual and sound

English

Alternative forms

  • effectuall (obsolete)

Etymology

From Old French effectuel, from Late Latin effectualis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /iˈfɛktʃuəl/

Adjective

effectual (comparative more effectual, superlative most effectual)

  1. Producing the intended result; entirely adequate.

Antonyms

  • ineffectual

Derived terms

  • effectualization
  • effectualize

Related terms



English

Alternative forms

  • soune, sownd, sowne (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /saʊnd/
  • Rhymes: -aʊnd

Etymology 1

From Middle English sound, sund, isund, ȝesund, from Old English sund, ġesund (sound, safe, whole, uninjured, healthy, prosperous), from Proto-Germanic *gasundaz, *sundaz (healthy), from Proto-Indo-European *sunt-, *swent- (vigorous, active, healthy).

Cognate with Scots sound, soun (healthy, sound), Saterland Frisian suund, gesuund (healthy), West Frisian sûn (healthy), Dutch gezond (healthy, sound), Low German sund, gesund (healthy), German gesund (healthy, sound), Danish sund (healthy), Swedish sund (sound, healthy). Related also to Dutch gezwind (fast, quick), German geschwind (fast, quick), Old English swīþ (strong, mighty, powerful, active, severe, violent). See swith.

Adjective

sound (comparative sounder, superlative soundest)

  1. Healthy.
  2. Complete, solid, or secure.
  3. (mathematics, logic) Having the property of soundness.
    Hypernym: valid
  4. (Britain, slang) Good; acceptable; decent.
  5. (of sleep) Quiet and deep.
  6. Heavy; laid on with force.
  7. Founded in law; legal; valid; not defective.
Derived terms
Translations

Adverb

sound (comparative more sound, superlative most sound)

  1. Soundly.

Interjection

sound

  1. (Britain, slang) Yes; used to show agreement or understanding, generally without much enthusiasm.

Etymology 2

  • Noun: from Middle English sownde, alteration of soun, borrowed from Anglo-Norman sun, soun, Old French son, from accusative of Latin sonus, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *swenh₂- (to sound, resound).
  • Verb: from Middle English sownden, sounen, borrowed from Anglo-Norman suner, sounder, Old French soner (modern sonner), from Latin sonō.
  • The hypercorrect -d appears in the fifteenth century.

Displaced native Middle English swei, from Old English swēġ, from Proto-Germanic *swōgiz.

Noun

sound (countable and uncountable, plural sounds)

  1. A sensation perceived by the ear caused by the vibration of air or some other medium.
  2. A vibration capable of causing such sensations.
    • It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street. []. He halted opposite the Privy Gardens, and, with his face turned skywards, listened until the sound of the Tower guns smote again on the ear and dispelled his doubts.
  3. (music) A distinctive style and sonority of a particular musician, orchestra etc
  4. Noise without meaning; empty noise.
  5. Earshot, distance within which a certain noise may be heard.
Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:sound
Descendants
  • Japanese: サウンド (saundo)
Translations
See also
  • audible

Verb

sound (third-person singular simple present sounds, present participle sounding, simple past and past participle sounded)

  1. (intransitive) To produce a sound.
  2. (copulative) To convey an impression by one’s sound.
  3. (intransitive) To be conveyed in sound; to be spread or published; to convey intelligence by sound.
  4. (intransitive, obsolete) To resound.
  5. (intransitive, law, often with in) To arise or to be recognizable as arising in or from a particular area of law, or as likely to result in a particular kind of legal remedy.
  6. (transitive) To cause to produce a sound.
  7. (transitive, phonetics, of a vowel or consonant) To pronounce.
Synonyms
  • (to make noise): echo, reecho, resonate
  • See also Thesaurus:sound
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English sound, sund, from Old English sund (the power, capacity, or act of swimming; swimming; sea; ocean; water; sound; strait; channel), from Proto-Germanic *sundą (swimming; sound), from Proto-Indo-European *swem- (swimming; sea). Cognate with Dutch sond (sound; strait), Danish sund (sound; strait; channel), Swedish sund (sound; strait; channel), Icelandic sund (sound; strait; channel). Related to swim.

Noun

sound (plural sounds)

  1. (geography) A long narrow inlet, or a strait between the mainland and an island; also, a strait connecting two seas, or connecting a sea or lake with the ocean.
    • The Sound of Denmarke, where ships pay toll.
  2. The air bladder of a fish.
  3. A cuttlefish.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ainsworth to this entry?)
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English sounden, from Old French sonder, from sonde (sounding line) of Germanic origin, compare Old English sundgyrd (a sounding rod), sundline (a sounding line), Old English sund (water, sea). More at Etymology 3 above.

Verb

sound (third-person singular simple present sounds, present participle sounding, simple past and past participle sounded)

  1. (intransitive) Dive downwards, used of a whale.
  2. To ascertain, or try to ascertain, the thoughts, motives, and purposes of (a person); to examine; to try; to test; to probe.
    When I sounded him, he appeared to favor the proposed deal.
    • 1665, John Dryden, The Indian Emperour
      I was in jest, / And by that offer meant to sound your breast.
    • I’ve sounded my Numidians man by man.
  3. Test; ascertain the depth of water with a sounding line or other device.
  4. (medicine) To examine with the instrument called a sound or sonde, or by auscultation or percussion.
Translations

Noun

sound (plural sounds)

  1. A long, thin probe for sounding or dilating body cavities or canals such as the urethra; a sonde.
Translations

References

  • sound at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • sound in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • nodus, udons, undos

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English sound.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsawnd/

Noun

sound m (invariable)

  1. (music) sound (distinctive style and sonority)

References

Anagrams

  • snudo, snudò

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