effeminate vs emasculate what difference

what is difference between effeminate and emasculate

English

Etymology

From Latin effēminātus, past participle of effēminō, from fēmina (woman).

Pronunciation

  • (adjective): IPA(key): /ɪˈfɛmɪnət/
  • (verb): IPA(key): /ɪˈfɛmɪneɪt/

Adjective

effeminate (comparative more effeminate, superlative most effeminate)

  1. (often derogatory, of a man or boy) Exhibiting behaviour or mannerisms considered typical of a female; unmasculine.
    • 1759, Richard Hurd, Moral and Political Dialogues
      An effeminate and unmanly foppery.
  2. (obsolete) Womanly; tender, affectionate, caring.

Synonyms

  • camp, swish, epicene, effete, unmanly

Antonyms

  • uneffeminate, noneffeminate, non-effeminate

Translations

Verb

effeminate (third-person singular simple present effeminates, present participle effeminating, simple past and past participle effeminated)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To make womanly; to unman.
    • , Folio Society, 2006, vol.1, p.134:
      the studie of sciences doth more weaken and effeminate mens minds, than corroborate and adapt them to warre.
    • It will not corrupt or effeminate their [children’s] minds.
  2. (intransitive) To become womanly.

Noun

effeminate (plural effeminates)

  1. An effeminate person.
    • 1976, Psychiatry (volumes 39-40, page 246)
      The effeminates are males with obviously recognizable traits and mannerisms; []

Related terms

  • effeminacy

Italian

Adjective

effeminate

  1. feminine plural of effeminato

Latin

Verb

effēmināte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of effēminō

References

  • effeminate in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • effeminate in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • effeminate in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette


English

Etymology

From Latin emasculare or emasculō (to emasculate), from ē- (a variant of ex- (suffix denoting privation), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (out)) + masculus (male, masculine; a man) + (suffix forming verbs). Masculus is derived from mās (a man, a male) + -culus (suffix forming a diminutive of a noun).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɪˈmæskjʊleɪt/
  • (General American) enPR: ĭ.măsʹkyə.lāt’, IPA(key): /iˈmæskjəˌleɪt/
  • Hyphenation: emas‧cu‧late

Adjective

emasculate (comparative more emasculate, superlative most emasculate)

  1. Deprived of virility or vigor; unmanned, weak.

Translations

Verb

emasculate (third-person singular simple present emasculates, present participle emasculating, simple past and past participle emasculated)

  1. (transitive) To deprive of virile or procreative power; to castrate, to geld. [from early 17th c.]
    Synonym: unman
    1. (specifically) To remove the entire male genitalia (the testicles, scrotum, and penis) of (a person or animal).
  2. (transitive) To deprive of masculine vigor or spirit; to weaken; to render effeminate; to vitiate by unmanly softness. [from early 17th c.]
    Synonyms: unman, debilitate, demasculate, enervate, enfeeble
    Antonyms: empower, invigorate, (obsolete) masculate, strengthen
  3. (transitive, botany) Of a flower: to deprive of the anthers.

Translations

Related terms

  • emasculated (adjective)
  • emasculation
  • emasculative
  • emasculator
  • emasculatory
  • emasculatrix

References

Further reading

  • emasculation on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • emaculates

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