ego vs egotism what difference

what is difference between ego and egotism

English

Etymology

From Latin ego (I). Chosen by Freud’s translator as a translation of his use of German Ich as a noun for this concept from the pronoun ich (I). Doublet of I and Ich.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈiːɡəʊ/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈiɡoʊ/
  • Rhymes: -iːɡəʊ

Noun

ego (countable and uncountable, plural egos)

  1. The self, especially with a sense of self-importance.
    • 1998, Eckhart Tolle, A New Earth
      When every thought absorbs your attention completely, when you are so identified with the voice in your head and the emotions that accompany it that you lose yourself in every thought and every emotion, then you are totally identified with form and therefore in the grip of ego. Ego is a conglomeration of recurring thought forms and conditioned mental-emotional patterns that are invested with a sense of I, a sense of self.
  2. (psychology, Freudian) The most central part of the mind, which mediates with one’s surroundings.
    • 1954, Calvin S. Hall, “A Primer of Freudian Psychology”
      In the well adjusted person the ego is the executive of the personality and is governed by the reality principle.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, p. 19:
      ‘Everything begins with “I”, you mean. Which is ego,’ said Tom, placing an ankle behind his ear, ‘not id.’

Synonyms

  • I, Ich

Coordinate terms

  • (Freudian self): id, superego

Derived terms

Translations

Anagrams

  • EOG, GEO, GOE, Geo., Goe, geo, geo-, goe

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin ego. Doublet of jo.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈe.ɡo/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /ˈe.ɡu/

Noun

ego m (plural egos)

  1. ego (the self)
    Synonym: jo

Related terms

  • egoisme
  • egoista

Further reading

  • “ego” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

Czech

Etymology

From Latin ego (I).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛɡo/

Noun

ego n

  1. ego
  2. (psychoanalysis) ego

Declension

Synonyms

See also

  • superego
  • id

Dutch

Etymology

Learned borrowing from Latin egō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈeː.ɣoː/
  • Hyphenation: ego

Noun

ego n (plural ego’s, diminutive egootje n)

  1. ego, self

Derived terms

  • egodocument

Related terms

  • egoïsme, egoïst, egoïstisch

Anagrams

  • oge

Finnish

Etymology

From Latin egō (I).

Noun

ego

  1. ego
  2. (psychoanalysis) ego

Declension

Anagrams

  • geo-

Ido

Etymology

Borrowed from English egoFrench égoGerman EgoItalian egoRussian э́го (égo)Spanish ego. Decision no. 693, Progreso IV.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈe.ɡo/

Noun

ego (invariable)

  1. ego

Derived terms


Indonesian

Etymology

From Latin ego (I), from Proto-Italic *egō, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Doublet of eke.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈeɡo]
  • Hyphenation: égo

Noun

ego (first-person possessive egoku, second-person possessive egomu, third-person possessive egonya)

  1. (psychology) ego.

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “ego” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Italian

Etymology

From Latin ego.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛ.ɡo/
  • Rhymes: -ɛɡo

Noun

ego m (invariable)

  1. ego

Further reading

  • ego in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams

  • geo-, goe

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Italic *egō, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈe.ɡoː/, [ˈɛɡoː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈe.ɡo/, [ˈɛːɡɔ]

(with iambic shortening)

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈe.ɡo/, [ˈɛɡɔ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈe.ɡo/, [ˈɛːɡɔ]

Pronoun

ego or egō (first person, nominative, plural nōs)

  1. I; first person singular personal pronoun, nominative case
    • 4th century, St Jerome, Vulgate, Tobit 3:19
      et aut ego indigna fui illis aut illi mihi forsitan digni non fuerunt quia forsitan viro alio conservasti me

      And either I was unworthy of them, or they perhaps were not worthy of me: because perhaps thou hast kept me for another man

Declension

1st and 2nd person personal pronouns declension together with the possessive and reflexive pronouns.
is, ea, id (he, she, it) is not included here.

Derived terms

  • mecum
  • egomet, meimet, mihimet, memet
  • proximus egomet mihi

Descendants

See also

References

  • ego in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ego in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ego in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • ego in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.

Latvian

Noun

ego m (invariable)

  1. ego

Noun

ego m (invariable)

  1. eglantine

Synonyms

  • smaržlapu roze

Polish

Etymology

From Latin ego (I). Chosen by Freud’s translator as a translation of his use of German Ich as a noun for this concept from the pronoun ich (I).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛ.ɡɔ/

Noun

ego n (indeclinable)

  1. (psychoanalysis) ego (the most central part of the mind, which mediates with one’s surroundings)

Further reading

  • ego in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ego in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin ego (I). Doublet of eu.

Pronunciation

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈɛ.ɣu/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈɛ.ɡu/
  • (South Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈɛ.ɡo/

Noun

ego m (plural egos)

  1. ego (the self)
  2. (psychology) ego (most central part of the mind)

Derived terms

  • massagear o ego

Related terms


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Latin ego.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /êːɡo/
  • Hyphenation: e‧go

Noun

ȇgo m (Cyrillic spelling е̑го)

  1. ego

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

From Latin ego (I). Doublet of yo.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈeɡo/, [ˈe.ɣ̞o]

Noun

ego m (plural egos)

  1. ego
    Synonym: yo

Related terms

Further reading

  • “ego” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Turkish

Etymology

From Latin ego (I).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈe.ɡo/

Noun

ego (definite accusative egou, plural egolar)

  1. ego (the self, especially with a sense of self-importance)

Related terms

  • egosantrik


English

Etymology

From Latin ego (I) + -t- + -ism

Noun

egotism (usually uncountable, plural egotisms)

  1. A tendency to talk excessively about oneself.
  2. A belief that one is superior to or more important than others.
  3. (countable) The result or product of being egoistic.
  4. (nonstandard, by confusion of the similar words) Egoism (belief that behavior should be directed towards one’s self-interest).

Synonyms

  • pride, vanity, conceit
  • egocentrism, egoism

Related terms

  • egotist
  • egotistic
  • egotistical

Translations

See also

  • solipsism

Further reading

  • egotism in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • egotism in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Romanian

Etymology

From French égotisme

Noun

egotism n (uncountable)

  1. egotism

Declension


Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Social Share Buttons and Icons powered by Ultimatelysocial