Egoism vs Altruism what difference

what is difference between Egoism and Altruism

English

Alternative forms

  • egoïsm (rare)
  • egomism (obsolete)

Etymology

From French égoïsme, from New Latin egoismus, from ego.

Pronunciation

Noun

egoism (countable and uncountable, plural egoisms)

  1. The tendency to think selfishly with exclusive self-interest in mind.
  2. (ethics) The belief that moral behavior should be directed toward one’s self-interest only.
  3. (nonstandard, by confusion of the similar words) Egotism (tendency to talk excessively about oneself).

Synonyms

  • (tendency to think of self): selfishness

Antonyms

  • (tendency to think of self): altruism

Related terms

  • egoist
  • egoistic
  • egoistical

Translations

See also

  • ethnocentrism
  • misanthropy (hatred of human race)
  • narcissism

Anagrams

  • gomesi

Romanian

Etymology

From French égoïsme.

Noun

egoism n (uncountable)

  1. egoism, selfishness

Declension


Swedish

Noun

egoism c (uncountable)

  1. egoism; the tendency to think of self and self-interest.
  2. (ethics) egoism; the belief that moral behavior should be directed toward one’s self-interest.

Declension


English

Alternative forms

  • altruïsm

Etymology

English from 1853. From French altruisme, which was coined in 1830 by Auguste Comte from autrui (of or to others) +‎ -isme, from Old French, from Latin alteri, dative of alter (other) (from which also English alter). Apparently inspired by the French Latin legal phrase l’autrui, from le bien, le droit d’autrui (the good, the right of the other). Introduced into English by George Henry Lewes in 1853, in his translation Comte’s Philosophy of the Sciences, 1, xxi.

Noun

altruism (countable and uncountable, plural altruisms)

  1. Regard for others, both natural and moral without regard for oneself; devotion to the interests of others; brotherly kindness.
    Synonyms: selflessness, philanthropy
    Antonyms: egoism, selfishness, misanthropy
    • 1995, George E. Vaillant, The Wisdom of the Ego, page 68,
      Altruism allows doing for others as one would be done by. Unlike reaction formation, which also gives to the object what the self desires, altruism leaves the self at least partly gratified. Unlike reaction formation, altruism tempers asceticism with pleasure. Unlike passive aggression and martyrdom, altruism allows the object to feel blessed and not afflicted. Altruism attracts people to the user; martyrdom repels them even as it holds them close in chains.
  2. (biology, sociobiology) Action or behaviour that benefits another or others at some cost to the performer.
    Synonym: philanthropy
    • 2013 December 24, Laura Spinney, Goodwill hunting: Random ants of kindness, New Scientist,
      Altruism is a behaviour of an individual that benefits another at its own expense. [] She decided to investigate what motivates ants to undertake these dangerous missions, where they risk getting trapped themselves or, worse, eaten by predatory antlion larvae, which dig pits and lurk, semi-concealed, at the bottom with their jaws wide open. Such apparently selfless rescue behaviour is seen by many as one of the purest forms of altruism. [] Being nice to relatives is not pure altruism because they share your genes so, by helping them, you promote your own genetic heritage.

Derived terms

  • altruist (one who practises altruism, agent noun)
  • altruistic
  • biological altruism

Translations

See also

  • agape (spiritual love for others)
  • bell the cat
  • brotherly love
  • misandry (hatred of males)
  • misogyny (hatred of females)
  • selflessness

Further reading

  • altruism on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • altruism in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • altruism in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

References

Anagrams

  • muralist, traulism, ultraism

Romanian

Etymology

From French altruisme.

Noun

altruism n (uncountable)

  1. altruism

Declension


Swedish

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌaltrɵˈɪsm/

Noun

altruism c

  1. altruism

Declension

Related terms

  • altruistisk
  • altruist

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