elementary vs primary what difference

what is difference between elementary and primary

English

Alternative forms

  • elementar (obsolete)

Etymology

From Latin elementārius (elementary), from elementum (one of the four elements of antiquity; fundamentals) + -ārius (adjective-forming suffix). Cognate with French élémentaire.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /(ˌ)ɛlɪ̈ˈmɛnt(ə)ɹɪ/
  • (General American) enPR: ĕl’ĭ-mĕn′tə-rē, -trē, IPA(key): /ˌɛlɪ̈ˈmɛnt(ə)ɹi/
  • Rhymes: -ɛntəɹi, -ɛntɹi
  • Hyphenation: el‧e‧men‧ta‧ry

Adjective

elementary (comparative more elementary, superlative most elementary)

  1. Relating to the basic, essential or fundamental part of something.
  2. Relating to an elementary school.
  3. (physics) Relating to a subatomic particle.
  4. (archaic) Sublunary; not celestial; belonging to the sublunary sphere, to which the four classical elements (earth, air, fire and water) were confined; composed of or pertaining to these four elements.

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

elementary (plural elementaries)

  1. An elementary school
  2. (mythology, mysticism) A supernatural being which is associated with the elements.

References

  • John A. Simpson and Edward S. C. Weiner, editors (1989), “elementary”, in The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, →ISBN.


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin prīmārius (of the first (rank); chief, principal; excellent), from prīmus (first; whence the English adjective prime) + -ārius (whence the English suffix -ary); compare the French primaire, primer, and premier.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpɹaɪməɹi/
  • (US) enPR: prīʹmĕr-ē, IPA(key): /ˈpɹaɪˌmɛɹi/ or enPR: prīʹmə-rē, IPA(key): /ˈpɹaɪməɹi/
  • (General New Zealand) IPA(key): /ˈpɹɒeməɹi/, /ˈpɹɒemɹi/

Adjective

primary (comparative more primary, superlative most primary)

  1. first or earliest in a group or series.
    • 1659, John Pearson, Exposition of the Creed
      the church of Christ, in its primary institution
    • , Book II, Chapter VIII
      These I call original, or primary, qualities of body.
  2. main; principal; chief; placed ahead of others.
    Preferred stock has primary claim on dividends, ahead of common stock.
  3. (geology) Earliest formed; fundamental.
  4. (chemistry) Illustrating, possessing, or characterized by, some quality or property in the first degree; having undergone the first stage of substitution or replacement.
  5. (medicine) Relating to the place where a disorder or disease started to occur.
  6. (medicine) Relating to day-to-day care provided by health professionals such as nurses, general practitioners, dentists etc.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • first
  • primus inter pares

Noun

primary (plural primaries)

  1. A primary election; a preliminary election to select a political candidate of a political party.
  2. The first year of grade school.
  3. A base or fundamental component; something that is irreducible.
  4. The most massive component of a gravitationally bound system, such as a planet in relation to its satellites.
  5. A primary school.
    • 2001, David Woods, Martyn Cribb, Effective LEAs and school improvement
      Excellence in Cities offers a further development of this approach, whereby secondary schools operate with small clusters of primaries as mini-EAZs.
  6. (ornithology) Any flight feather attached to the manus (hand) of a bird.
  7. A primary colour.
    • 2003, Julie A Jacko, Andrew Sears, The human-computer interaction handbook
      By adding and subtracting the three primaries, cyan, yellow, and magenta are produced. These are called subtractive primaries.
  8. (military) The first stage of a thermonuclear weapon, which sets off a fission explosion to help trigger a fusion reaction in the weapon’s secondary stage.
  9. (aviation) A radar return from an aircraft (or other object) produced solely by the reflection of the radar beam from the aircraft’s skin, without additional information from the aircraft’s transponder.
  10. (medicine) Primary site of disease; original location or source of the disease.
  11. (electronics) A directly driven inductive coil, as in a transformer or induction motor that is magnetically coupled to a secondary

Translations

References

  • primary on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Verb

primary (third-person singular simple present primaries, present participle primarying, simple past and past participle primaried)

  1. (US, politics, transitive, intransitive) To challenge (an incumbent sitting politician) for their political party’s nomination to run for re-election, through running a challenger campaign in a primary election, especially one that is more ideologically extreme.
  2. (US, intransitive, transitive) To take part in a primary election.

Further reading

  • primary in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • primary in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

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