elevate vs raise what difference

what is difference between elevate and raise

English

Etymology

From Latin elevatus, past participle of elevare (to raise, lift up), from e (out) + levare (to make light, to lift), from levis (light); see levity and lever.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛləveɪt/

Verb

elevate (third-person singular simple present elevates, present participle elevating, simple past and past participle elevated)

  1. (transitive) To raise (something) to a higher position.
    Synonyms: lift, raise
    Antonyms: drop, lower
    • 1534, William Marshall and George Joye, A Prymer in Englyshe, London: William Marshall,[1]
      The Grace or Blessynge of the table to be sayed of chyldren standynge before it, thyr handes eleuated and ioyned to gyder
    • c. 1610, William Shakespeare, The Winter’s Tale, Act V, Scene 2,[2]
      She had one eye declined for the loss of her husband, another elevated that the oracle was fulfilled:
    • 1750, Samuel Johnson, The Rambler, No. 25, 12 June, 1750, Volume 1, London: J. Payne and J. Bouquet, 1752, p. 216,[3]
      We know that a few strokes of the axe will lop a cedar; but what arts of cultivation can elevate a shrub?
    • 1896, Joseph Conrad, An Outcast of the Islands, London: T. Fisher Unwin, Part 2, Chapter 5, p. 138,[4]
      Abdulla expressed his surprise by elevating his eyebrows.
  2. (transitive) To promote (someone) to a higher rank.
    Synonyms: exalt, promote
    Antonym: demote
    • 1682, Aphra Behn, The Roundheads or, The Good Old Cause, London: D. Brown et al., Act I, Scene 1, p. 6,[5]
      Hard Fate of Greatness, We so highly Elevated
      Are more expos’d to Censure than the little ones,
    • 1792, Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, London: J. Johnson, Part 1, Chapter 1, p. 24,[6]
      Nothing can set the regal character in a more contemptible point of view, than the various crimes that have elevated men to the supreme dignity.
    • 1961, Joseph Heller, Catch-22, New York: Dell, Chapter 29, p. 334,[7]
      [] that’s the way things go when you elevate mediocre people to positions of authority.
    • 2014, A. D. Wright, The Early Modern Papacy
      Much has also been made recently of the distorting effects exerted on the administration of Urban VIII by the interests of the Barberini nephews, especially of the two elevated to cardinal status.
    • 2014, Guy W. Lecky-Thompson, Inside SharePoint 2007 Administration (page 55)
      At that point, you have to elevate the account’s rights, activate the feature, and then demote the account again.
  3. (transitive) To confer honor or nobility on (someone).
    Synonyms: ennoble, exalt, honor
    • 1591, Edmund Spenser, “Virgils Gnat” in Complaints, London: William Ponsonbie,[8]
      That none, whom fortune freely doth aduaunce,
      Himselfe therefore to heauen should eleuate:
      For loftie type of honour through the glaunce
      Of enuies dart, is downe in dust prostrate;
  4. (transitive) To make (something or someone) more worthy or of greater value.
    • 1682, John Dryden, The Medal, Edinburgh, “Epistle to the Whigs,”[9]
      [] if you encourage a young Beginner, who knows but he may elevate his stile a little,
    • 1768, William Gilpin, An Essay upon Prints, London: J. Robson, Chapter 1, p. 33,[10]
      He is the true artist, who copies nature; but, where he finds her mean, elevates her from his own ideas of beauty.
    • 1850, Charles Dickens, David Copperfield, Leipzig: Bernhard Tauchnitz, Volume 2, Chapter 4, p. 60,[11]
      You can’t think how it elevates him in my opinion, to know for certain that he’s really conscientious!
  5. (transitive) To direct (the mind, thoughts, etc.) toward more worthy things.
    • 1665, Robert Boyle, Occasional Reflections upon Several Subjects, London: Henry Herringman, Section 4, Chapter 4, pp. 73-74,[12]
      [] the devout Christian improves the Blessings he receives of this inferiour World, to elevate his mind above it:
    • 1999, Ahdaf Soueif, The Map of Love, New York: Anchor Books, 2000, Chapter 18,[13]
      On the whole I would regard serious art as a means to elevate the emotions and educate the spirit []
  6. (transitive) To increase the intensity or degree of (something).
    Synonyms: increase, raise
    Antonyms: decrease, diminish, lower, reduce
    1. (dated) To increase the loudness of (a sound, especially one’s voice).
      • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, London: A. Millar, Volume 5, Book 14, Chapter 10, p. 191,[14]
        [] the Uncle had more than once elevated his Voice, so as to be heard down Stairs;
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To lift the spirits of (someone)
    Synonyms: cheer up, elate
    Antonyms: depress, sadden
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 8, lines 633-634,[15]
      [] Hope elevates, and joy
      Bright’ns his Crest,
    • 1759, Adam Smith, The Theory of Moral Sentiments, Edinburgh: A. Kincaid and J. Bell, Part 1, Section 2, Chapter 1, p. 20,[16]
      It gives us the spleen [] to see another too happy or too much elevated, as we call it, with any little piece of good fortune.
  8. (dated, colloquial, humorous) To intoxicate in a slight degree; to make (someone) tipsy.
    • 1755, George Colman and Bonnell Thornton, The Connoisseur, No. 91, 23 October, 1755, Volume 2, London: R. Baldwin, 1756, p. 557,[17]
      Steele entertained them till he was tipsy; when the same wine that stupified him, only served to elevate Addison, who took up the ball just as Steele dropt it, and kept it up for the rest of the evening.
    • 1791, James Boswell, The Life of Samuel Johnson, London: Charles Dilly, Volume 2, 1778,[18]
      [Johnson,] from drinking only water, supposed every body who drank wine to be elevated
    • 1822, Walter Scott, Peveril of the Peak, Edinburgh: Archibald, Constable, Volume 1, Chapter 3, p. 92,[19]
      [] the elevated Cavaliers [] sent to Roger Raine of the Peveril Arms [] for two tubs of merry stingo
  9. (obsolete, Latinism) To attempt to make (something) seem less important, remarkable, etc.
    Synonyms: lessen, detract, disparage
    • 1660, Jeremy Taylor, Ductor Dubitantium, London: Richard Royston, Volume 1, Chapter 4, Rule 2, p. 126,[20]
      [] the Arabian Physicians [] endevour to elevate and lessen the thing [i.e. belief in the virgin birth of Jesus], by saying, It is not wholly beyond the force of nature, that a Virgin should conceive []

Related terms

  • elevatable
  • elevation
  • elevator
  • elevatory

Translations

Adjective

elevate (comparative more elevate, superlative most elevate)

  1. (obsolete) Elevated; raised aloft.
    • 1548, Edward Hall, The Union of the Two Noble and Illustre Families of Lancastre and Yorke, London: Richard Grafton, Henry VII, year 6,[21]
      The sayde crosse was .iii. tymes deuoutly eleuate, and at euery exaltacion, ye Moores beyng within the cytie, roared, howled and cryed,
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 2, lines 567-578,[22]
      Others apart sat on a Hill retir’d,
      In thoughts more elevate,

Further reading

  • elevate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • elevate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Italian

Verb

elevate

  1. inflection of elevare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative
  2. feminine plural of elevato

Latin

Verb

ēlevāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of ēlevō


English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: rāz, IPA(key): /ɹeɪz/
  • Homophones: rase, rays, raze, rehs, réis, res
  • Rhymes: -eɪz

Etymology 1

From Middle English reysen, raisen, reisen, from Old Norse reisa (to raise), from Proto-Germanic *raisijaną, *raizijaną (to raise), causative form of Proto-Germanic *rīsaną (to rise), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rey- (to rise, arise). Cognate with Old English rāsian (to explore, examine, research), Old English rīsan (to seize, carry off), Old English rǣran (to cause to rise, raise, rear, build, create). Doublet of rear.

Verb

raise (third-person singular simple present raises, present participle raising, simple past and past participle raised)

  1. (physical) To cause to rise; to lift or elevate.
    1. To form by the accumulation of materials or constituent parts; to build up; to erect.
    2. To cause something to come to the surface of the sea.
    3. (nautical) To cause (the land or any other object) to seem higher by drawing nearer to it.
    4. To make (bread, etc.) light, as by yeast or leaven.
    5. (figuratively) To cause (a dead person) to live again; to resurrect.
    6. (military) To remove or break up (a blockade), either by withdrawing the ships or forces employed in enforcing it, or by driving them away or dispersing them.
    7. (military, transitive) To relinquish (a siege), or cause this to be done.
  2. (transitive) To create, increase or develop.
    1. To collect or amass.
    2. To bring up; to grow; to promote.
    3. To mention (a question, issue) for discussion.
    4. (law) To create; to constitute (a use, or a beneficial interest in property).
    5. To bring into being; to produce; to cause to arise, come forth, or appear.
  3. To establish contact with (e.g., by telephone or radio).
  4. (poker, intransitive) To respond to a bet by increasing the amount required to continue in the hand.
  5. (arithmetic) To exponentiate, to involute.
  6. (linguistics, transitive, of a verb) To extract (a subject or other verb argument) out of an inner clause.
  7. (linguistics, transitive, of a vowel) To produce a vowel with the tongue positioned closer to the roof of the mouth.
  8. To increase the nominal value of (a cheque, money order, etc.) by fraudulently changing the writing or printing in which the sum payable is specified.
  9. (programming, transitive) To instantiate and transmit (an exception, by throwing it, or an event).
    • 2007, Bruce Bukovics, Pro WF: Windows Workflow in .NET 3.0 (page 243)
      Provide some mechanism in the local service class to raise the event. This might take the form of a public method that the host application can invoke to raise the event.
Usage notes
  • It is standard US English to raise children, and this usage has become common in all kinds of English since the 1700s. Until fairly recently, however, US teachers taught the traditional rule that one should raise crops and animals, but rear children, despite the fact that this contradicted general usage. It is therefore not surprising that some people still prefer “to rear children” and that this is considered correct but formal in US English. Modern British English also prefers “raise” over “rear”.
  • It is generally considered incorrect to say rear crops or (adult) animals in US English, but this expression is (or was until relatively recently) common in British English.
Synonyms
  • (to cause to rise): lift
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

raise (plural raises)

  1. (US) An increase in wages or salary; a rise (UK).
    The boss gave me a raise.
  2. (weightlifting) A shoulder exercise in which the arms are elevated against resistance.
  3. (curling) A shot in which the delivered stone bumps another stone forward.
  4. (poker) A bet that increases the previous bet.
Derived terms
  • lateral raise
  • leg raise
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old Norse hreysi; the spelling came about under the influence of the folk etymology that derived it from the verb.

Noun

raise (plural raises)

  1. A cairn or pile of stones.
Translations

Further reading

  • raise on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Aesir, Aries, ERISA, Resia, aesir, aires, arise, reais, serai

Middle English

Noun

raise

  1. Alternative form of reys

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