elevation vs peak what difference

what is difference between elevation and peak



From Old French elevation, from Latin elevatio, equal to elevate +‎ -ion.


  • IPA(key): /ˌɛlɪˈveɪʃən/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən


elevation (countable and uncountable, plural elevations)

  1. The act of raising from a lower place, condition, or quality to a higher; said of material things, persons, the mind, the voice, etc.
    the elevation of grain; elevation to a throne; elevation to sainthood; elevation of mind, thoughts, or character
  2. The condition of being or feeling elevated; heightened; exaltation.
  3. That which is raised up or elevated; an elevated place or station.
    A hill is an elevation of the ground.
  4. (astronomy) The distance of a celestial object above the horizon, or the arc of a vertical circle intercepted between it and the horizon; altitude.
    the elevation of the pole, or of a star
  5. The measured vertical distance from the peak of a mountain or hill to its bordering lowlands.
  6. The angle which the gnomon makes with the substylar line.
  7. The movement of the axis of a piece in a vertical plane; also, the angle of elevation, that is, the angle between the axis of the piece and the line of sight; distinguished from direction.
  8. (architecture) A geometrical projection of a building, or other object, on a plane perpendicular to the horizon; orthographic projection on a vertical plane; called by the ancients the orthography.
  9. (Christianity) The raising of the host—representing Christ’s body—in a mass or Holy Communion service.


  • disgust
  • demotion
  • depression
  • diminishment
  • reduction

Related terms

  • elevate
  • elevator
  • overelevation


See also

  • fasl
  • masl



  • enPR: pēk, IPA(key): /piːk/
  • Rhymes: -iːk
  • Homophones: peek, peke, pique

Etymology 1

From earlier peake, peek, peke, from Middle English *peke, *pek (attested in peked, variant of piked), itself an alteration of pike, pyke, pyk (a sharp point, pike), from Old English pīc, piic (a pike, needle, pin, peak, pinnacle), from Proto-Germanic *pīkaz (peak). Cognate with Dutch piek (pike, point, summit, peak), Danish pik (pike, peak), Swedish pik (pike, lance, point, peak), Norwegian pik (peak, summit). More at pike.


peak (plural peaks)

  1. A point; the sharp end or top of anything that terminates in a point; as, the peak, or front, of a cap.
    • 2002, Joy of Cooking: All About Cookies →ISBN, page 29:
      A less risky method is to lift your whisk or beater to check the condition of the peaks of the egg whites; the foam should be just stiff enough to stand up in well-defined, unwavering peaks.
  2. The highest value reached by some quantity in a time period.
    Synonyms: apex, pinnacle; see also Thesaurus:apex
    • 2012 October 23, David Leonhardt, “[1],” New York Times (retrieved 24 October 2012):
      By last year, family income was 8 percent lower than it had been 11 years earlier, at its peak in 2000, according to inflation-adjusted numbers from the Census Bureau.
  3. (geography) The top, or one of the tops, of a hill, mountain, or range, ending in a point.
    Synonyms: summit, top
  4. (geography) The whole hill or mountain, especially when isolated.
    • 1898, Arnold Henry Savage Landor, In the Forbidden Land Chapter 62
      To the South we observed a large plain some ten miles wide, with snowy peaks rising on the farther side. In front was a hill projecting into the plain, on which stood a mani wall; and this latter discovery made me feel quite confident that I was on the high road to Lhassa.
  5. (nautical) The upper aftermost corner of a fore-and-aft sail.
  6. (nautical) The narrow part of a vessel’s bow, or the hold within it.
  7. (nautical) The extremity of an anchor fluke; the bill.
  8. (mathematics) A local maximum of a function, e.g. for sine waves, each point at which the value of y is at its maximum.
Derived terms


  • Polish: pik


peak (third-person singular simple present peaks, present participle peaking, simple past and past participle peaked)

  1. To reach a highest degree or maximum.
    Historians argue about when the Roman Empire began to peak and ultimately decay.
  2. To rise or extend into a peak or point; to form, or appear as, a peak.
    • 1600, Philemon Holland, The Romane Historie
      There peaketh up a mightie high mounte.
  3. (nautical, transitive) To raise the point of (a gaff) closer to perpendicular.
  • culminate


peak (comparative more peak, superlative most peak)

  1. maximal, maximally quintessential or representative; constituting the culmination of
  2. (MLE) Bad
  3. (MLE) Unlucky; unfortunate
  • (bad): See Thesaurus:bad
  • (unlucky): See also Thesaurus:unlucky

Etymology 2



peak (third-person singular simple present peaks, present participle peaking, simple past and past participle peaked)

  1. (intransitive) To become sick or wan.
  2. (intransitive) To acquire sharpness of figure or features; hence, to look thin or sickly.
  3. (intransitive) To pry; to peep slyly.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
Related terms
  • peaky

Etymology 3


peak (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of peag (wampum)

Etymology 4



  1. Misspelling of pique.


  • Paek, kaep, kape




  1. absolutive plural of pe
  2. ergative singular of pe

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