elevation vs top what difference

what is difference between elevation and top

English

Etymology

From Old French elevation, from Latin elevatio, equal to elevate +‎ -ion.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌɛlɪˈveɪʃən/
  • Rhymes: -eɪʃən

Noun

elevation (countable and uncountable, plural elevations)

  1. The act of raising from a lower place, condition, or quality to a higher; said of material things, persons, the mind, the voice, etc.
    the elevation of grain; elevation to a throne; elevation to sainthood; elevation of mind, thoughts, or character
  2. The condition of being or feeling elevated; heightened; exaltation.
  3. That which is raised up or elevated; an elevated place or station.
    A hill is an elevation of the ground.
  4. (astronomy) The distance of a celestial object above the horizon, or the arc of a vertical circle intercepted between it and the horizon; altitude.
    the elevation of the pole, or of a star
  5. The measured vertical distance from the peak of a mountain or hill to its bordering lowlands.
  6. The angle which the gnomon makes with the substylar line.
  7. The movement of the axis of a piece in a vertical plane; also, the angle of elevation, that is, the angle between the axis of the piece and the line of sight; distinguished from direction.
  8. (architecture) A geometrical projection of a building, or other object, on a plane perpendicular to the horizon; orthographic projection on a vertical plane; called by the ancients the orthography.
  9. (Christianity) The raising of the host—representing Christ’s body—in a mass or Holy Communion service.

Antonyms

  • disgust
  • demotion
  • depression
  • diminishment
  • reduction

Related terms

  • elevate
  • elevator
  • overelevation

Translations

See also

  • fasl
  • masl


English

Etymology

From Middle English top, toppe, from Old English top (top, highest part; summit; crest; tassel, tuft; (spinning) top, ball; a tuft or ball at the highest point of anything), from Proto-West Germanic *topp, from Proto-Germanic *tuppaz (braid, pigtail, end).

Cognate with Scots tap (top), North Frisian top, tap, tup (top), Saterland Frisian Top (top), West Frisian top (top), Dutch top (top, summit, peak), Low German Topp (top), German Zopf (braid, pigtail, plait, top), Swedish topp (top, peak, summit, tip), Icelandic toppur (top).

The sense of a spinning toy is separated from this, obscurely related to Dutch top and dop in this sense, against Standard Dutch tol, and French toupie having this sense.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /tɒp/, [tʰɒˀp]
  • (General American) IPA(key): /tɑp/, [tʰɑˀp]
  • Rhymes: -ɒp

Noun

top (countable and uncountable, plural tops)

  1. The highest or uppermost part of something.
    Synonyms: peak, summit, overside
    Antonyms: bottom, base, underside
    1. (irrespective of present orientation) the part of something that is usually the top.
    2. The uppermost part of a page, picture, viewing screen, etc.
      Synonym: (of a page) head
      Antonym: (of a page) foot
    3. A lid, cap or cover of a container.
      Synonyms: cap, coverlid
    4. A garment worn to cover the torso.
      Antonym: bottom
    5. A framework at the top of a ship’s mast to which rigging is attached.
    6. (baseball) The first half of an inning, during which the home team fields and the visiting team bats.
    7. (archaic) The crown of the head, or the hair upon it; the head.
  2. A child’s spinning toy; a spinning top.
  3. (heading) Someone who is eminent.
    1. (archaic) The chief person; the most prominent one.
    2. The highest rank; the most honourable position; the utmost attainable place.
  4. (BDSM) A dominant partner in a BDSM relationship or roleplay.
    Synonyms: (usually male) dom, (female) domme
    Antonyms: bottom, sub
  5. (gay slang) A man penetrating or with a preference for penetrating during homosexual intercourse.
  6. (slang, African-American Vernacular, MLE) Oral stimulation of the male member, a blowjob.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:oral sex
  7. (particle physics) A top quark.
    Hypernym: flavor
  8. The utmost degree; the acme; the summit.
    • June 18 1714, Alexander Pope, letter to Jonathan Swift
      The top of my own ambition is to contribute to that work.
  9. (ropemaking) A plug, or conical block of wood, with longitudinal grooves on its surface, in which the strands of the rope slide in the process of twisting.
  10. (sound) Highest pitch or loudest volume.
  11. (wool manufacture) A bundle or ball of slivers of combed wool, from which the noils, or dust, have been taken out.
  12. (obsolete, except in one sense of phrase on top of) Eve; verge; point.
    • Hee was upon the top of his marriage with Magdalaine.
  13. The part of a cut gem between the girdle, or circumference, and the table, or flat upper surface.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  14. (in the plural, slang, dated) Topboots.
  15. (golf) A stroke on the top of the ball.
  16. (golf) A forward spin given to the ball by hitting it on or near the top.
  17. (in restaurants, preceded by a number) (A table at which there is, or which has enough seats for) a group of a specified number of people eating at a restaurant.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

top (third-person singular simple present tops, present participle topping, simple past and past participle topped)

  1. To cover on the top or with a top.
  2. To excel, to surpass, to beat.
    Synonyms: beat, better, best, exceed; see also Thesaurus:exceed
  3. To be in the lead, to be at number one position (of).
    • 2013, Phil McNulty, “[9]”, BBC Sport, 26 December 2013:
      Liverpool topped the table on Christmas Day and, after Arsenal’s win at West Ham earlier on Boxing Day, would have returned to the top had they been the first team to beat City at home this season.
  4. To cut or remove the top (as of a tree)
  5. (Britain, slang, reflexive) To commit suicide.
  6. (Britain, slang, rare) To murder.
    Synonyms: kill, murder, slaughter, slay; see also Thesaurus:kill
  7. (BDSM) To be the dominant partner in a BDSM relationship or roleplay.
  8. (gay slang, transitive, intransitive) To anally penetrate in gay sex.
  9. (archaic) To rise aloft; to be eminent; to tower.
    • 1713, William Derham, Physico-Theology
      lofty and topping mountains
    • , Book II, Chapter XXI
      influenced by that topping uneasiness
  10. (archaic) To excel; to rise above others.
  11. (nautical) To raise one end of (a yard, etc.), making it higher than the other.
  12. (dyeing) To cover with another dye.
  13. To put a stiffening piece or back on (a saw blade).
  14. (slang, dated) To arrange (fruit, etc.) with the best on top.
  15. (of a horse) To strike the top of (an obstacle) with the hind feet while jumping, so as to gain new impetus.
  16. To improve (domestic animals, especially sheep) by crossing certain individuals or breeds with other superior breeds.
  17. To cut, break, or otherwise take off the top of (a steel ingot) to remove unsound metal.
  18. (golf) To strike (the ball) above the centre; also, to make (a stroke, etc.) by hitting the ball in this way.

Derived terms

  • (kill): top oneself
  • untopped

Translations

Adjective

top (not comparable)

  1. Situated on the top of something.
  2. (informal) Best; of the highest quality or rank.
  3. (informal) Very good, of high quality, power, or rank.

Related terms

Translations

Adverb

top (not comparable)

  1. Rated first.

Synonyms

  • first

See also

  • topple

Anagrams

  • OPT, OPt, OTP, PTO, TPO, oPt, opt, opt., pot

Albanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top).

Noun

top m (indefinite plural tope, definite singular topi, definite plural topet)

  1. ball
  2. (in the plural) slang for testicles

Inflection


Azerbaijani

Etymology

Cognate with Turkish top.

Noun

top (definite accusative topu, plural toplar)

  1. ball
  2. cannon
  3. (chess) rook

Declension

Derived terms

  • topçu (cannoneer)

See also


Baure

Noun

top

  1. fog

Crimean Tatar

Noun

top

  1. ball
  2. lump
  3. cannon

Declension

Derived terms

  • babaytop
  • toplaşuv
  • topçu
  • top qundağı

References

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[11], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈtop]

Verb

top

  1. second-person singular imperative of topit

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse toppr, from Proto-Germanic *tuppaz.

Noun

top c (singular definite toppen, plural indefinite toppe)

  1. summit, peak
  2. hairpiece
  3. top (uppermost part, lid, cap, cover, garment worn to cover the torso, child’s spinning toy)

Inflection

Derived terms


Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch top, topp, from Old Dutch *topp, *top, from Proto-West Germanic *topp, from Proto-Germanic *tuppaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tɔp/
  • Hyphenation: top
  • Rhymes: -ɔp

Adjective

top

  1. (colloquial) great, very good

Derived terms

  • (prefix): top-

Noun

top m (plural toppen, diminutive topje n)

  1. top (uppermost part)
  2. (figuratively) apex
  3. summit, peak (high point of a mountain or object)
  4. summit, highest-level assembly
  5. dominant role or partner in BDSM-interaction
  6. top (piece of women’s clothing)

Antonyms

  • bodem

Derived terms

  • bergtop
  • subtop
  • toppunt
  • vingertop

Descendants

  • Negerhollands: top

Verb

top

  1. (denominal) first-person singular present indicative of toppen

Anagrams

  • pot

French

Etymology

Borrowed from English top.

Pronunciation

Noun

top m (plural tops)

  1. top; shirt or garment covering the upper body
  2. a signalling sound; beep

Adjective

top (feminine singular toppe, masculine plural tops, feminine plural toppes)

  1. top; best; highest in rank; maximum
  2. excellent; brilliant
  3. (LGBT, slang) top (dominant in role)

Synonyms

  • (dominant): actif

Antonyms

  • bottom

Adverb

top

  1. at most; maximum

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English top.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɔp/

Noun

top m (invariable)

  1. (woman’s dressing, garment) top

Latvian

Verb

top

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of tapt
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of tapt
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of tapt
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of tapt

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • toppe, topp, tope, toop

Etymology

From Old English topp, toppa, from Proto-West Germanic *topp.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tɔp/, /tɔːp/

Noun

top (plural toppes)

  1. The summit or top of something, especially a vertical object:
    1. The peak of a mountain or other landform.
    2. The roof or ceil of a house; the top of a fence.
    3. A lid or cap; a removable top or topping.
    4. The head, especially its top or the hair on its top.
  2. A small deck at the dop of a ship’s sails.
  3. A cluster or bunch of fibres; a tassel.
  4. A top or whirligig (spinning toy)
  5. The start or introduction of something.
  6. (rare) The tip or end of something; that which something terminates in.

Derived terms

  • toppen
  • toppyng

Descendants

  • English: top
    • French: top
    • German: Top
    • Vietnamese: tốp
  • Scots: tap

References

  • “top, n.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-08-12.
  • “top, n.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-08-12.

Mopan Maya

Adverb

top

  1. very

References

  • Hofling, Charles Andrew (2011). Mopan Maya–Spanish–English Dictionary, University of Utah Press.

Northern Kurdish

Noun

top f

  1. ball (object, generally spherical, used for playing games)
  2. cannon

Old French

Alternative forms

  • tup, tupe, tope, toup

Etymology

From Frankish *topp.

Noun

top m (oblique plural tos, nominative singular tos, nominative plural top)

  1. hair on top of one’s head, forelock
  2. top, highest point
  3. tuft of flax placed on distaff
  4. top (ship)

Descendants

  • Galician: tope
  • Spanish: tope
  • Portuguese: topo
  • Old French: toupet, topet
    • Old Portuguese: topete
      • Galician: topete
      • Portuguese: topete
    • Middle French: toupet
      • French: toupet (see there for further descendants)
    • Norman: toupet, tupé
    • Middle English: topet
  • ? Old French: topoie, toupie, tourpe, tourpie
    • Middle French: toupie
      • French: toupie

References

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (top)
  • tup on the Anglo-Norman On-Line Hub

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tɔp/

Etymology 1

From English top, from Middle English top, toppe, from Old English top (top, highest part; summit), from Proto-West Germanic *topp.

Noun

top m inan

  1. (nautical) nautical top (the upper end of a mast)
  2. top (garment worn to cover the torso)
Declension

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

top

  1. second-person singular imperative of topić

Further reading

  • top in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English top.

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈtɔ.pi/
  • Homophone: tope

Adjective

top (invariable, comparable)

  1. (slang) cool, awesome
  2. (slang) top, excellent, high-quality
    Synonym: top de linha

Derived terms

  • topzeira

Noun

top m (plural tops)

  1. top (garment worn to cover the torso)

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tôp/

Noun

tȍp m (Cyrillic spelling то̏п)

  1. cannon
  2. (chess) rook

Declension

See also


Slovene

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *tǫpъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tɔ́p/

Adjective

tȍp (comparative bȍlj tȍp, superlative nȁjbolj tȍp)

  1. blunt
Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /tɔ́p/

Noun

tȍp m inan

  1. cannon
Inflection

Further reading

  • top”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish

Etymology

Borrowed from English top.

Noun

top m (plural tops)

  1. top (first positions of a ranking)
  2. top (female clothing)

Derived terms

  • ir en top

Adjective

top (plural tops)

  1. (proscribed) top (situated on the top of something)
    Synonym: mejor
  2. (proscribed) top (best; of the highest quality or rank)
    Synonym: el mejor
  3. (proscribed) top (very good, of high quality)
    Synonym: muy bueno

References

  • “top” in Diccionario panhispánico de dudas, primera edición, Real Academia Española, 2005.

Turkish

Etymology

From Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top), from Proto-Turkic *top (round thing).

Noun

top (definite accusative topu, plural toplar)

  1. ball
  2. cannon
  3. (slang) gay

Declension

References


Volapük

Etymology

Borrowed from Ancient Greek τόπος (tópos, place).

Noun

top (nominative plural tops)

  1. place

Declension

Related terms

  • topäd

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