elicit vs extract what difference

what is difference between elicit and extract

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin elicitus from eliciō (draw forth).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈlɪsɪt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪsɪt
  • Homophone: illicit

Verb

elicit (third-person singular simple present elicits, present participle eliciting, simple past and past participle elicited)

  1. To evoke, educe (emotions, feelings, responses, etc.); to generate, obtain, or provoke as a response or answer.
  2. To draw out, bring out, bring forth (something latent); to obtain information from someone or something.
    Fred wished to elicit the time of the meeting from Jane.
    Did you elicit a response?
    • 2009, William B. McGregor, Linguistics: An Introduction Answer Key
      He visited three department stores in New York and asked the attendant a question that would elicit the answer fourth floor; for example, he might have asked Excuse me, where are women’s shoes?
  3. To use logic to arrive at truth; to derive by reason
    Synonyms: deduce, construe

Translations

See also

  • illicit

Adjective

elicit (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Elicited; drawn out; made real; open; evident.
    • 1660, Jeremy Taylor, Ductor Dubitantium, or the Rule of Conscience
      An elicit act of equity.

Latin

Verb

ēlicit

  1. third-person singular present active indicative of ēliciō


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin extractum, neuter perfect passive participle of extrahō.

Pronunciation

  • (noun): enPR: ĕks’trăkt, IPA(key): /ˈɛkstɹækt/
  • (verb): enPR: ĭkstrăkt’, IPA(key): /ɪksˈtɹækt/, IPA(key): /ɛksˈtɹækt/
  • Rhymes: -ækt

Noun

extract (plural extracts)

  1. Something that is extracted or drawn out.
  2. A portion of a book or document, incorporated distinctly in another work; a citation; a quotation.
    I used an extract of Hemingway’s book to demonstrate culture shock.
  3. A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue
    extract of beef
    extract of dandelion
    vanilla extract
  4. Any substance extracted is such a way, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained
    quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.
  5. A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant (distinguished from an abstract).
  6. (obsolete) A peculiar principle (fundamental essence) once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts.
  7. Ancestry; descent.
  8. A draft or copy of writing; a certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgment therein, with an order for execution.

Synonyms

  • (that which is extracted): extraction; See also Thesaurus:decrement
  • (principle): extractive principle
  • (ancestry, descent): origin, extraction

Derived terms

  • yeast extract

Translations

See also

  • tincture

Verb

extract (third-person singular simple present extracts, present participle extracting, simple past extracted, past participle extracted or (archaic) extraught)

  1. (transitive) To draw out; to pull out; to remove forcibly from a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.
    to extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, or a splinter from the finger
  2. (transitive) To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other mechanical or chemical process. Compare abstract (transitive verb).
    to extract an essential oil from a plant
  3. (transitive) To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as a passage from a book.
    • 1724, Jonathan Swift, Drapier’s Letters, 4
      I have thought it proper to extract out of that pamphlet a few of those notorious falsehoods.
  4. (transitive) To select parts of a whole
    We need to try to extract the positives from the defeat.
  5. (transitive, arithmetic) To determine (a root of a number).
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      [] Mr. Nackybal was thoroughly examined, both in cubing and extracting, from the table that Louit had provided.

Synonyms

  • (to draw out): outdraw
  • (to take by selection): sunder out

Translations


Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch extract, from Latin extractum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛksˈtrɑkt/
  • Hyphenation: ex‧tract
  • Rhymes: -ɑkt

Noun

extract n (plural extracten)

  1. extract, decoction
    Synonym: aftreksel
  2. (obsolete) abridgement of a text
    Synonym: uittreksel

Derived terms

  • plantenextract
  • thee-extract

Descendants

  • Indonesian: ekstrak

Romanian

Etymology

From Latin extractus

Noun

extract n (plural extracte)

  1. extract

Declension


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