what is difference between eliminate and extinguish
From Latin eliminatus, past participle of eliminare (“to turn out of doors, banish”), from e (“out”) + limen (“a threshold”), akin to limes (“a boundary”); see limit.
- IPA(key): /ɪˈlɪməneɪt/
eliminate (third-person singular simple present eliminates, present participle eliminating, simple past and past participle eliminated)
- (transitive) To completely remove, get rid of, put an end to.
- (transitive, slang) To kill (a person or animal).
- a ruthless mobster who eliminated his enemies
- (transitive, intransitive, physiology) To excrete (waste products).
- (transitive) To exclude (from investigation or from further competition).
- Bill was eliminated as a suspect when the police interviewed witnesses.
- John was eliminated as a contestant when it was found he had gained, rather than lost, weight.
- (accounting) To record amounts in a consolidation statement to remove the effects of inter-company transactions.
- See also Thesaurus:destroy, abrogate, abolish
- (excrete): See Thesaurus:urinate and Thesaurus:defecate
- give the chop to
- give the boot to
- give the sack to
- give the walking papers to
- eliminate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- eliminate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- inflection of eliminare:
- second-person plural present indicative
- second-person plural imperative
- feminine plural of eliminato
- second-person plural present active imperative of ēlīminō
Borrowed from Latin extinguo (“to put out (what is burning), quench, extinguish, deprive of life, destroy, abolish”), from ex (“out”) + stinguere (“to put out, quench, extinguish”).
- IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɪŋ.ɡwɪʃ/
extinguish (third-person singular simple present extinguishes, present participle extinguishing, simple past and past participle extinguished)
- (transitive) to put out, as in fire; to end burning; to quench
- (transitive) to destroy or abolish something
- She extinguished all my hopes.
- They intended to extinguish the enemy by force of numbers
- 1668 December 19, James Dalrymple, “Mr. Alexander Seaton contra Menzies” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683), page 575
- The Pupil after his Pupillarity, had granted a Diſcharge to one of the Co-tutors, which did extinguiſh the whole Debt of that Co-tutor, and conſequently of all the reſt, they being all correi debendi, lyable by one individual Obligation, which cannot be Diſcharged as to one, and ſtand as to all the reſt.
- (transitive) to obscure or eclipse something
- The rays of the sun were extinguished by the thunder clouds.
- A beauty that extinguishes all others by comparison
- (transitive, psychology) to bring about the extinction of a conditioned reflex
- Many patients can extinguish their phobias after a few months of treatment.
- (transitive, literally) to hunt down (a species) to extinction
- (intransitive) To die out.
- put out, quench, douse
- See also Thesaurus:destroy
- fire extinguisher
- extinguish in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- extinguish in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.