eliminate vs extinguish what difference

what is difference between eliminate and extinguish

English

Etymology

From Latin eliminatus, past participle of eliminare (to turn out of doors, banish), from e (out) + limen (a threshold), akin to limes (a boundary); see limit.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈlɪməneɪt/

Verb

eliminate (third-person singular simple present eliminates, present participle eliminating, simple past and past participle eliminated)

  1. (transitive) To completely remove, get rid of, put an end to.
  2. (transitive, slang) To kill (a person or animal).
    a ruthless mobster who eliminated his enemies
  3. (transitive, intransitive, physiology) To excrete (waste products).
  4. (transitive) To exclude (from investigation or from further competition).
    Bill was eliminated as a suspect when the police interviewed witnesses.
    John was eliminated as a contestant when it was found he had gained, rather than lost, weight.
  5. (accounting) To record amounts in a consolidation statement to remove the effects of inter-company transactions.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:destroy, abrogate, abolish
  • (excrete): See Thesaurus:urinate and Thesaurus:defecate

Related terms

  • eliminable
  • eliminant
  • elimination
  • eliminative
  • eliminator
  • eliminatory

Hyponyms

  • give the chop to
  • give the boot to
  • give the sack to
  • give the walking papers to

Translations

Further reading

  • eliminate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • eliminate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

References

Anagrams

  • itameline

Italian

Verb

eliminate

  1. inflection of eliminare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative
  2. feminine plural of eliminato

Anagrams

  • eliantemi

Latin

Verb

ēlīmināte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of ēlīminō


English

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin extinguo (to put out (what is burning), quench, extinguish, deprive of life, destroy, abolish), from ex (out) + stinguere (to put out, quench, extinguish).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɪŋ.ɡwɪʃ/

Verb

extinguish (third-person singular simple present extinguishes, present participle extinguishing, simple past and past participle extinguished)

  1. (transitive) to put out, as in fire; to end burning; to quench
  2. (transitive) to destroy or abolish something
    She extinguished all my hopes.
    They intended to extinguish the enemy by force of numbers
    • 1668 December 19, James Dalrymple, “Mr. Alexander Seaton contra Menzies” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683), page 575
      The Pupil after his Pupillarity, had granted a Diſcharge to one of the Co-tutors, which did extinguiſh the whole Debt of that Co-tutor, and conſequently of all the reſt, they being all correi debendi, lyable by one individual Obligation, which cannot be Diſcharged as to one, and ſtand as to all the reſt.
  3. (transitive) to obscure or eclipse something
    The rays of the sun were extinguished by the thunder clouds.
    A beauty that extinguishes all others by comparison
  4. (transitive, psychology) to bring about the extinction of a conditioned reflex
    Many patients can extinguish their phobias after a few months of treatment.
  5. (transitive, literally) to hunt down (a species) to extinction
  6. (intransitive) To die out.

Synonyms

  • put out, quench, douse
  • See also Thesaurus:destroy

Related terms

  • distinguish
  • extinct
  • extinction
  • extinguisher
  • fire extinguisher

Translations

Further reading

  • extinguish in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • extinguish in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

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