emaciate vs waste what difference

what is difference between emaciate and waste



From Latin emaciare (to make lean, cause to waste away), from ex- (out) + macies (leanness), from macer (thin).



emaciate (third-person singular simple present emaciates, present participle emaciating, simple past and past participle emaciated)

  1. (transitive) To make extremely thin or wasted.
  2. (intransitive) To become extremely thin or wasted.

Derived terms

  • emaciated
  • emaciation

Related terms

  • meager

See also

  • gaunt


Further reading

  • emaciate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • emaciate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “emaciate”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.


emaciate (comparative more emaciate, superlative most emaciate)

  1. emaciated




  1. feminine plural of emaciato



  • enPR: wāst, IPA(key): /weɪst/
  • Rhymes: -eɪst
  • Homophone: waist

Etymology 1

From Middle English waste (a waste, noun), from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French wast, waste (a waste), from Frankish *wōstī (a waste), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁weh₂- (empty, wasted).


waste (countable and uncountable, plural wastes)

  1. Excess of material, useless by-products or damaged, unsaleable products; garbage; rubbish.
  2. Excrement or urine.
    The cage was littered with animal waste
  3. A waste land; an uninhabited desolate region; a wilderness or desert.
  4. A place that has been laid waste or destroyed.
  5. A large tract of uncultivated land.
  6. (historical) The part of the land of a manor (of whatever size) not used for cultivation or grazing, nowadays treated as common land.
  7. A vast expanse of water.
  8. A disused mine or part of one.
  9. The action or progress of wasting; extravagant consumption or ineffectual use.
    That was a waste of time
    Her life seemed a waste
  10. Large abundance of something, specifically without it being used.
  11. Gradual loss or decay.
  12. A decaying of the body by disease; wasting away.
  13. (rare) Destruction or devastation caused by war or natural disasters; See “to lay waste”
  14. (law) A cause of action which may be brought by the owner of a future interest in property against the current owner of that property to prevent the current owner from degrading the value or character of the property, either intentionally or through neglect.
  15. (geology) Material derived by mechanical and chemical erosion from the land, carried by streams to the sea.
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Middle English waste (waste, adjective), from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French wast (waste), from Frankish *wōstī (waste, empty), from Proto-Indo-European *wāsto- (empty, wasted). Cognate with Old High German wuosti, wuasti (waste, empty), Old Saxon wōsti (desolate), Old English wēste (waste, barren, desolate, empty).


waste (comparative more waste, superlative most waste)

  1. (now rare) Uncultivated, uninhabited.
  2. Barren; desert.
    • 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin 2010, page 255:
      For centuries the shrine at Mecca had been of merely local importance, far outshone by the Temple of the Jews in Jerusalem, whose cult Christians had in good measure renewed by their pilgrimage in honour of Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection, while leaving the actual site of the Jerusalem Temple dishonoured and waste.
  3. Rejected as being defective; eliminated as being worthless; produced in excess.
  4. Superfluous; needless.
  5. Dismal; gloomy; cheerless.
  6. Unfortunate; disappointing. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
Usage notes

Same meanings as wasted.

Derived terms

Etymology 3

From Middle English wasten (to waste, lay waste), from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French waster (to waste, devastate) (compare also the variant gaster and French gâter from a related Old French word); the Anglo-Norman form waster was either from Frankish *wōstijan (to waste), from Proto-Indo-European *wāsto- (empty, wasted), or alternatively from Latin vastāre, present active infinitive of vastō and influenced by the Frankish; the English word was assisted by similarity to native Middle English westen (“to waste”; > English weest). Cognate with Old High German wuostan, wuastan, wuostjan (to waste) (Modern German wüsten), Old English wēstan (to lay waste, ravage).


waste (third-person singular simple present wastes, present participle wasting, simple past and past participle wasted)

  1. (transitive) to devastate, destroy
    • Thou barrein ground, whome winters wrath hath wasted, / Art made a myrrour to behold my plight.
    • The Tiber / Insults our walls, and wastes our fruitful grounds.
  2. (transitive) To squander (money or resources) uselessly; to spend (time) idly.
    • 1751, Thomas Gray, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
      Full many a flower is born to blush unseen, / And waste its sweetness on the desert air.
    • 1909, Francis Galton, Memories of my life, page 69
      E. Kay (1822-1897), afterwards Lord Justice of Appeal, had rooms on the same staircase as myself, and we wasted a great deal of time together, both in term and in my second summer vacation. .
  3. (transitive, slang) To kill; to murder.
  4. (transitive) To wear away by degrees; to impair gradually; to deteriorate; to diminish by constant loss; to use up; to consume; to spend; to wear out.
    • until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness
    • 1769, William Robertson, History of the Reign of the Emperor Charles V
      Wasted by such a course of life, the infirmities of age daily grew on him.
  5. (intransitive) Gradually lose weight, weaken, become frail.
  6. (intransitive) To be diminished; to lose bulk, substance, strength, value etc. gradually.
    • The barrel of meal shall not waste.
  7. (law) To damage, impair, or injure (an estate, etc.) voluntarily, or by allowing the buildings, fences, etc., to fall into decay.
Derived terms
  • (slang, to kill or murder): cack, top, duppy (see also Thesaurus:kill)

See also

  • Waste on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • waste in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)


  • Sweat, Weast, awest, swate, sweat, tawse, wetas



  • IPA(key): /ˈʋɑs.tə/



  1. singular past indicative and subjunctive of wassen

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • waist, waest, vaste


Borrowed from Anglo-Norman wast.


  • IPA(key): /waːst/


waste (plural wastes)

  1. waste


  • English: waste
  • Yola: wauste


  • “wā̆st(e, n.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Tocharian B


(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)


waste ?

  1. refuge, sanctuary

West Flemish


waste f

  1. laundry, clothes that need to be washed, or just have been washed.

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