employ vs hire what difference

what is difference between employ and hire

English

Alternative forms

  • imploy (obsolete)

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle French employer, from Latin implicare (to infold, involve, engage), from in (in) + plicare (to fold). Compare imply and implicate, which are doublets of employ .

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪmˈplɔɪ/, /ɛmˈplɔɪ/
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪ

Noun

employ (plural employs)

  1. The state of being an employee; employment.
  2. (obsolete) The act of employing someone or making use of something; employment.

Verb

employ (third-person singular simple present employs, present participle employing, simple past and past participle employed)

  1. To hire (somebody for work or a job).
    • 1668 July 3rd, James Dalrymple, “Thomas Rue contra Andrew Houſtoun” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683), page 547
      Andrew Houſtoun and Adam Muſhet, being Tackſmen of the Excize, did Imploy Thomas Rue to be their Collector, and gave him a Sallary of 30. pound Sterling for a year.
  2. To use (somebody for a job, or something for a task).
    Synonyms: apply, use, utilize
  3. To make busy.

Derived terms

Translations

Further reading

  • employ in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • employ in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • employ at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • polemy


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: hīr, hīʹər, IPA(key): /haɪə/, /ˈhaɪə/
  • (General American) enPR: hīr, hīʹər, IPA(key): /haɪɹ/, /ˈhaɪɚ/
  • Rhymes: -aɪə(ɹ)
  • Homophone: higher

Etymology 1

From Middle English hire, hyre, here, hure, from Old English hȳr (employment for wages; pay for service; interest on money lent), from Proto-West Germanic *hūʀiju (hire), from Proto-Indo-European *kewHs-. Compare Hittite ???????????? (kuššan-, fee, pay, wages, price).

Cognate with West Frisian hier (hire), Dutch huur (lease, rental), German Low German Hüür (lease, rental).

Noun

hire (plural hires)

  1. Payment for the temporary use of something.
  2. (obsolete) Reward, payment.
    • The labourer is worthy of his hire.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.viii:
      I will him reaue of armes, the victors hire, / And of that shield, more worthy of good knight; / For why should a dead dog be deckt in armour bright?
  3. The state of being hired, or having a job; employment.
  4. A person who has been hired, especially in a cohort.
Synonyms
  • (state of being hired): employment, employ
Derived terms
  • hire car
  • hireling
  • hireman
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English hiren, hyren, from Old English hȳrian (to hire), from the noun (see above). Compare West Frisian hiere (to rent, lease), Dutch huren (to rent, lease), Low German hüren (to rent), Danish hyre (to hire).

Eclipsed Middle English souden (to hire, employ, enlist), borrowed from Old French souder, soudre, souldre (to take into employ, pay); see English sold (salary, military pay).

Verb

hire (third-person singular simple present hires, present participle hiring, simple past and past participle hired)

  1. (transitive) To obtain the services of in return for fixed payment.
    Synonym: rent
  2. (transitive) To employ; to obtain the services of (a person) in exchange for remuneration; to give someone a job.
  3. (transitive) To exchange the services of for remuneration.
  4. (transitive) To accomplish by paying for services.
  5. (intransitive) To accept employment.
Antonyms
  • (to employ): fire
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • rent

Anagrams

  • ReHi, heir, rehi

Abron

Etymology

From Akan hyire (white clay).

Noun

hire

  1. white clay

References

  • Trutenau, Languages of the Akan Area: Papers in Western Kwa Linguistics (1976)

Basque

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /iɾe/, [i.ɾe̞]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /hiɾe/, [ɦi.ɾe̞]

Pronoun

hire

  1. genitive of hi, your

Japanese

Romanization

hire

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ひれ

Middle Dutch

Contraction

hire

  1. Contraction of hi dāer.

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English hire (her), from Proto-West Germanic *heʀā, *hiʀā, from Proto-Germanic *hezōz, genitive feminine singular of *hiz (this), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe (here; this).

Alternative forms

  • hir, hyre, hyr, ire, ir, here, her, ere, er, heyre, heore, hare, hure, hur, hurre, huere

Determiner

hire (nominative pronoun sche)

  1. Third-person singular feminine genitive determiner: her, of her.
  2. Used in place of the possessive suffix -es to denote possession by an antecedent noun.
    • 1430, Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales, “The Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale.
      Here begynnyt the wyf of bathe hir tale.
Synonyms
  • his
Descendants
  • English: her
  • Scots: her
See also

Pronoun

hire (nominative sche)

  1. Third-person singular feminine genitive pronoun: hers.
Synonyms
  • hires
References
  • “hir, pron.(1).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 10 May 2018.

Etymology 2

From Old English hire (her), from Proto-West Germanic *heʀē, *hiʀē, from Proto-Germanic *hezōi, dative feminine singular of *hiz (this), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe (here; this).

Pronoun

hire (nominative sche)

  1. Third-person singular feminine pronoun indicating a grammatical object: her.
  2. (reflexive) herself.
  3. Third-person singular neuter pronoun indicating a grammatical object: it.
See also
References
  • “hir(e), pron.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 10 June 2018.

Etymology 3


From Old English hȳr, from Proto-West Germanic *hūʀiju. The final vowel is generalised from the Old English oblique cases.

Alternative forms

  • here, hier, hijre, hir, hoyre, huire, hure, huyre, hyer, hyr, hyre, hyure

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhiːr(ə)/
  • (dialectal) IPA(key): /ˈheːr(ə)/, /ˈhuːr(ə)/, /ˈhyːr(ə)/

Noun

hire (plural hires)

  1. One’s salary; wages.
    Synonyms: mede, wage
  2. A reward; recompense.
    Synonym: mede
  3. One’s deserts; what one deserves.
  4. A payment; a charge.
Related terms
  • hiren
  • hire man
  • hirlyng
Descendants
  • English: hire
  • Scots: hire
References
  • “hīr(e, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Etymology 4

Noun

hire

  1. Alternative form of here (army)

Etymology 5

Verb

hire

  1. Alternative form of hiren (to hire)

Norwegian Nynorsk

Adjective

hire

  1. neuter singular of hiren

Old English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxi.re/, [ˈhi.re]

Pronoun

hire

  1. genitive/dative of hēo

Descendants

  • Middle English: hire, hir, hyre, hyr, ire, ir, here, her, ere, er, heyre, heore, hare, hure, hur, hurre, huere
    • English: her
    • Scots: her

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