empty vs vacate what difference

what is difference between empty and vacate

English

Etymology

From Middle English emty, amty, from Old English ǣmtiġ, ǣmettiġ (vacant, empty, free, idle, unmarried, literally without must or obligation, leisurely), from Proto-Germanic *uz- (out) + Proto-Germanic *mōtijô, *mōtô (must, obligation, need), *mōtiþô (ability, accommodation), from Proto-Indo-European *med- (measure; to acquire, possess, be in command). Related to Old English ġeǣmtiġian (to empty), Old English ǣmetta (leisure), Old English mōtan (must, might, have to). More at mote, meet.

The interconsonantal excrescent p is a euphonic insertion dating from Middle English.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛmpti/, /ˈɛmti/
  • Hyphenation: emp‧ty

Adjective

empty (comparative emptier, superlative emptiest)

  1. Devoid of content; containing nothing or nobody; vacant.
    Synonyms: unoccupied, clear, (obsolete) leer, toom, clean
    Antonym: full
  2. (computing, programming, mathematics) Containing no elements (as of a string, array, or set), opposed to being null (having no valid value).
    Antonym: non-empty
  3. (obsolete) Free; clear; devoid; often with of.
  4. Having nothing to carry, emptyhanded; unburdened.
  5. Destitute of effect, sincerity, or sense; said of language.
    • 1697, Colley Cibber, Woman’s Wit, Act V, page 190, [2]
      [] words are but empty thanks; my future conduct best will speak my gratitude.
  6. Unable to satisfy; hollow; vain.
  7. Destitute of reality, or real existence; unsubstantial.
  8. Destitute of, or lacking, sense, knowledge, or courtesy.
  9. (of some female animals, especially cows and sheep) Not pregnant; not producing offspring when expected to do so during the breeding season.
  10. (obsolete, of a plant or tree) Producing nothing; unfruitful.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

empty (third-person singular simple present empties, present participle emptying, simple past and past participle emptied)

  1. (transitive, ergative) To make empty; to void; to remove the contents of.
  2. (intransitive) Of a river, duct, etc: to drain or flow toward an ultimate destination.

Antonyms

  • fill

Derived terms

  • empty the clip
  • empty the tank

Translations

Noun

empty (plural empties)

  1. (usually plural) A container, especially a bottle, whose contents have been used up, leaving it empty.

Derived terms

  • run on empty

Translations

References

Further reading

  • empty in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • empty in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.


English

Etymology

From Latin vacātus, perfect participle of vacō.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -eɪt

Verb

vacate (third-person singular simple present vacates, present participle vacating, simple past and past participle vacated)

  1. To move out of a dwelling, either by choice or by eviction.
    I have to vacate my house by midday, as the new owner is moving in.
    You are hereby ordered to vacate the premises within 14 days.
  2. To leave an office or position.
    He vacated his coaching position because of the corruption scandal.
  3. (law) To have a court judgement set aside; to annul.
    The judge vacated the earlier decision when new evidence was presented.
  4. To leave an area, usually as a result of orders from public authorities in the event of a riot or natural disaster.
    If you do not immediately vacate the area, we will make you leave with tear gas!

Related terms

  • vacant
  • vacation
  • evacuate

Translations

Anagrams

  • caveat

Italian

Verb

vacate

  1. inflection of vacare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative
  2. feminine plural of vacato

Anagrams

  • cavate, taceva

Latin

Verb

vacāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of vacō

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