empyrean vs sublime what difference

what is difference between empyrean and sublime

English

Etymology

From Latin empȳreus, from Ancient Greek ἐμπύριος (empúrios), from ἐν (en, in) + πῦρ (pûr, fire) (whence English pyre).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛmˌpaɪˈɹiːn̩/, /ɛmˈpɪɹi.ən/

Noun

empyrean (plural empyreans)

  1. (historical) The region of pure light and fire; the highest heaven, where the pure element of fire was supposed by the ancients to exist: the same as the ether, the ninth heaven according to ancient astronomy.

Related terms

  • pyre

Adjective

empyrean (not comparable)

  1. Of the sky or the heavens; celestially refined.
    • 1700, Matthew Prior, Carmen Saeculare
      Yet upward she [the goddess] incessant flies;
      Resolv’d to reach the high empyrean Sphere.

Synonyms

  • empyreal

Translations

References

  • empyrean in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • William Dwight Whitney and Benjamin E[li] Smith, editors (1914), “empyrean”, in The Century Dictionary: An Encyclopedic Lexicon of the English Language, volume II (D–Hoon), revised edition, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., OCLC 1078064371.

Further reading

  • empyrean on Wikipedia.Wikipedia


English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /səˈblaɪm/
  • Rhymes: -aɪm

Etymology 1

From Middle English sublimen, borrowed from Old French sublimer, from Latin sublimō (to raise on high; to sublimate (in Medieval Latin)).

Verb

sublime (third-person singular simple present sublimes, present participle subliming, simple past and past participle sublimed)

  1. (chemistry, physics, transitive, intransitive) To sublimate.
  2. (transitive) To raise on high.
    • 1857, E. P. Whipple, Harper’s Magazine
      a soul sublimed by an idea above the region of vanity and conceit
  3. (transitive) To exalt; to heighten; to improve; to purify.
    Synonym: (archaic) sublimate
  4. (transitive) To dignify; to ennoble.
    • a. 1667, Jeremy Taylor, Clerus Domini, or, A discourse of the divine institution, necessity, sacredness, and separation of the office ministerial together with the nature and manner of its power and operation
      An ordinary gift cannot sublime a person to a supernatural employment.
Related terms
  • sublimation
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle French sublime, from Latin sublīmis (high), from sub- (up to, upwards) + a root of uncertain affiliation often identified with Latin līmis, ablative singular of līmus (oblique) or līmen (threshold, entrance, lintel)

Adjective

sublime (comparative sublimer, superlative sublimest)

  1. Noble and majestic.
    • 1842, Thomas De Quincey, Cicero (published in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine)
      the sublime Julian leader
  2. Impressive and awe-inspiring, yet simple.
  3. (obsolete) Lifted up; high in place; exalted aloft; uplifted; lofty.
    • Sublime on these a tower of steel is reared.
  4. (obsolete) Elevated by joy; elated.
  5. Lofty of mien; haughty; proud.
Related terms
  • subliminal
Translations

Noun

sublime (plural sublimes)

  1. Something sublime.
Translations

Anagrams

  • blueism

Danish

Adjective

sublime

  1. definite of sublim
  2. plural of sublim

French

Etymology

From Middle French sublime, borrowed from Latin sublimis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sy.blim/
  • Rhymes: -im

Adjective

sublime (plural sublimes)

  1. sublime, extraordinary

Derived terms

  • Sublime Porte

Verb

sublime

  1. inflection of sublimer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

  • “sublime” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

German

Pronunciation

Adjective

sublime

  1. inflection of sublim:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin sublimis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /suˈbli.me/

Adjective

sublime (plural sublimi)

  1. sublime

Related terms

  • sublimità

Latin

Adjective

sublīme

  1. vocative masculine singular of sublīmus

References

  • sublime in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sublime in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sublime in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.

Middle French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin sublīmus.

Adjective

sublime m or f (plural sublimes)

  1. sublime (noble, majestic, magnificent, etc.)

Descendants

  • French: sublime

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /su.ˈbli.mɪ/
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /su.ˈbli.mɨ/
  • Hyphenation: su‧bli‧me

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Latin sublīmis.

Adjective

sublime m or f (plural sublimes, comparable)

  1. sublime

Noun

sublime m, f (plural sublimes)

  1. sublime

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

sublime

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of sublimar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of sublimar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of sublimar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of sublimar

Related terms


Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /suˈblime/, [suˈβ̞li.me]

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Latin sublimis.

Adjective

sublime (plural sublimes)

  1. sublime

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

sublime

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of sublimar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of sublimar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of sublimar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of sublimar.

Further reading

  • “sublime” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

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