encomium vs panegyric what difference

what is difference between encomium and panegyric

English

Etymology

From Latin encōmium (praise, eulogy), from Ancient Greek ἐγκώμιον (enkṓmion, laudatory ode, praise), from ἐγκώμιος (enkṓmios, of or pertaining to the victor), from κῶμος (kômos, festival, revel, ode).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɛŋˈkəʊ.mɪ.əm/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɛnˈkoʊ.mɪ.əm/, /ɪnˈkoʊ.mɪ.əm/
  • (US)

Noun

encomium (plural encomiums or encomia)

  1. Warm praise, especially a formal expression of such praise; a tribute.
    • 1763, Antoine-Simon Le Page du Pratz, The History of Louisiana: Or of the Western Parts of Virginia and Carolina: Containing a Description of the Countries that Lye on both Sides of the River Missisipi [sic]: With an Account of the Settlements […] Translated from the French […] by M. Le Page du Pratz; with some Notes and Observations […] In two volumes. […], London: Printed for T. Becket and P. A. De Hondt, OCLC 181837275 (English translation of Histoire de la Louisiane : contenant la découverte de ce vaste pays, sa description géographique, un voyage dans les terres, l’histoire naturelle, les mœurs, coûtumes & religion des naturels, avec leurs origines : deux voyages dans le nord du nouveau Mexique, dont un jusqu’à la mer du Sud : ornée de deux cartes & de 40 planches en taille douce, Paris : Chez de Bure, l’aîné […], la veuve Delaguette […], Lambert […], 1758, OCLC 1651361), page 39:
      I rejoined our people, and expected a reprimand for having forced the enemy without orders; though I had my excuse ready. But here I was mistaken; for I met with nothing but encomiums.
    • “I never seen their like,” was Lassiter’s encomium, “an’ in my day I’ve seen a sight of horses.”
  2. (rhetoric) A general category of oratory.
  3. (rhetoric) A method within rhetorical pedagogy.
  4. The eighth exercise in the progymnasmata series.
  5. (literature) A genre of literature that included five elements: prologue, birth and upbringing, acts of the person’s life, comparisons used to praise the subject, and an epilogue.

Translations

Anagrams

  • meconium

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɑ̃.kɔ.mjɔm/

Noun

encomium m (plural encomiums)

  1. An Ancient Greek literary genre of praise.
  2. (obsolete) Dictionary.

Synonyms

  • dictionnaire

Latin

Etymology

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἐγκώμιον (enkṓmion, laudatory ode, praise).

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /enˈkoː.mi.um/, [ɛŋˈkoːmiʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /enˈko.mi.um/, [ɛŋˈkɔːmium]

Noun

encōmium n (genitive encōmiī or encōmī); second declension

  1. Praise, eulogy.

Declension

Second-declension noun (neuter).

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Related terms

  • encōmiographus

Descendants

  • Catalan: encomi
  • English: encomium
  • Italian: encomio
  • Portuguese: encômio, encómio
  • Spanish: encomio

References

  • encomium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • encomium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette


English

Alternative forms

  • panegyrick (obsolete)
  • panegyry (obsolete)

Etymology

From French panégyrique, from Ancient Greek πανηγυρικός (panēgurikós), from πᾰν- (pan-) “all” + agyris “place of assembly”, Aeolic form of ἀγορά (agorá)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌpænəˈd͡ʒɪɹɪk/, /ˌpænəˈd͡ʒaɪɹɪk/

Noun

panegyric (countable and uncountable, plural panegyrics)

  1. A formal speech or opus publicly praising someone or something.
    Synonym: eulogy
    • 1929, Robert Dean Frisbee, The Book of Puka-Puka (republished by Eland, 2019; p. 197):
      He then spoke in the usual boastful manner of his progenitors, added a flaming panegyric upon himself, and strolled down the road to repeat his speech at the next house.
  2. Someone who writes or delivers such a speech.

Derived terms

  • panegyrical
  • panegyrically

Translations

Adjective

panegyric (comparative more panegyric, superlative most panegyric)

  1. panegyrical

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