encumber vs restrain what difference

what is difference between encumber and restrain

English

Etymology

From Middle English encombren, from Old French encombrer, from en- + combrer (to hinder); see cumber.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪnˈkʌmbə(ɹ)/, /ɛnˈkʌmbə(ɹ)/
  • Rhymes: -ʌmbə(r)

Verb

encumber (third-person singular simple present encumbers, present participle encumbering, simple past and past participle encumbered)

  1. (transitive) to load down something with a burden
  2. (transitive) to restrict or block something with a hindrance or impediment
  3. (transitive) to burden with a legal claim or other obligation

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:hinder

Antonyms

  • disencumber, unload, unencumber

Derived terms

  • encumbrance
  • encumbrous

Related terms

  • unencumber
  • incumbrance
  • cumber
  • cumbersome

Translations

Further reading

  • encumber in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • encumber in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “encumber”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.


English

Etymology

From Middle English restreinen, a borrowing from Old French restreindre, from Latin rēstringere, present active infinitive of rēstringō (fasten, tighten).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈstɹeɪn/
  • Rhymes: -eɪn
  • Hyphenation: re‧strain

Verb

restrain (third-person singular simple present restrains, present participle restraining, simple past and past participle restrained)

  1. (transitive) To control or keep in check.
  2. (transitive) To deprive of liberty.
  3. (transitive) To restrict or limit.
    He was restrained by the straitjacket.

Synonyms

  • (control or keep in check): check, limit, restrain, withstrain; See also Thesaurus:curb
  • (deprive of liberty): confine, detain

Related terms

  • constrain
  • restraint
  • restrict

Translations

Anagrams

  • arrestin, retrains, strainer, terrains, trainers, transire

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