endorsement vs sanction what difference

what is difference between endorsement and sanction

English

Alternative forms

  • endorsation (older American, Canadian)
  • indorsation (Scotland)
  • indorsement (older (American), Latinate)

Etymology

endorse +‎ -ment

Noun

endorsement (countable and uncountable, plural endorsements)

  1. The act or quality of endorsing
    The association announced its endorsement of the policy.
    The bank required that cheque endorsement be witnessed by a cashier.
    Companies sometimes pay millions for product endorsement by celebrities.
  2. An amendment or annotation to an insurance contract or other official document (such as a driving licence).
    Mr. Jones paid extra for the flood damage endorsement on his house insurance.
  3. (aviation) An instructor’s signed acknowledgement of time practising specific flying skills.
    Once she obtained the endorsement of her night flying hours, Joanna was approved to take the pilot’s examination.
  4. (education, certification) Permission to carry out a specific skill or application in a field in which the practitioner already has a general licence.
    Wanted: Accredited teacher with Grade 12 mathematics endorsement.
    To transport gasoline, truckers must have a valid licence and the hazardous materials endorsement.
  5. Sponsorship, in means of money, by a company, business or enterprise.
    After the Olympics, he was hoping to get an endorsement deal.
  6. Support from an important, renowned figure of a media (celebrity, politics, sports, etc.), to get back up.
    I’m not sure whether an endorsement from Donald Trump will help or hurt.

Translations

See also

  • allonge


English

Etymology

From Middle French sanction, from Latin sanctio.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsæŋkʃən/

Noun

sanction (countable and uncountable, plural sanctions)

  1. An approval, by an authority, generally one that makes something valid.
  2. A penalty, punishment, or some coercive measure, intended to ensure compliance; especially one adopted by several nations, or by an international body.
  3. A law, treaty, or contract, or a clause within a law, treaty, or contract, specifying any of the above.

Translations

Verb

sanction (third-person singular simple present sanctions, present participle sanctioning, simple past and past participle sanctioned)

  1. (transitive) To ratify; to make valid.
  2. (transitive) To give official authorization or approval to; to countenance.
    • 1946, Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy, I.21:
      Many of the most earnest Protestants were business men, to whom lending money at interest was essential. Consequently first Calvin, and then other Protestant divines, sanctioned interest.
  3. (transitive) To penalize (a state etc.) with sanctions.

Translations

References

  • James A. H. Murray [et al.], editors (1884–1928), “Sanction”, in A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Oxford English Dictionary), volume VIII, Part 2 (S–Sh), London: Clarendon Press, OCLC 15566697, page 82, column 1.

Anagrams

  • actinons, canonist, cantions, contains

French

Etymology

From Latin sanctio

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɑ̃k.sjɔ̃/

Noun

sanction f (plural sanctions)

  1. sanction

Further reading

  • “sanction” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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