endue vs gift what difference

what is difference between endue and gift

English

Alternative forms

  • indue
  • indew

Etymology

From Old French enduire, partly from Latin indūcere (lead in), partly from en- + duire (from the same Latin root). Doublet of induce.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪnˈdjuː/, /ɛnˈdjuː/

Verb

endue (third-person singular simple present endues, present participle enduing, simple past and past participle endued)

  1. (obsolete) To pass food into the stomach; to digest; also figuratively, to take on, absorb.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.x:
      none but she it vewed, / Who well perceiued all, and all indewed.
  2. To take on, to take the form of.
  3. To put on (a piece of clothing); to clothe (someone with something).
    • And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.
    • 1985, Anthony Burgess, Kingdom of the Wicked
      Judaea greeted its monarch. He was to ascend to the immemorial sacring place of millennia of kings, there to be endued with the robe and crown of rule.
  4. To invest (someone) with a given quality, property etc.; to endow.
    • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, I.11:
      That the Sun, Moon, and Stars are living creatures, endued with soul and life, seems an innocent Error, and an harmless digression from truth []
    • 1663, Hudibras, by Samuel Butler, part 1, canto 1
      Thus was th’ accomplish’d squire endued / With gifts and knowledge per’lous shrewd.
    • 1935, T.S. Eliot, Murder in the Cathedral, Part II:
      But after dissension
      Had ended, in France, and you were endued
      With your former privilege, how did you show your gratitude?

Derived terms

  • enduement

Translations



English

Alternative forms

  • yift (dialectal)

Etymology

From Middle English gift (also yift, yeft, ȝift, ȝeft), partly from Old English ġift (giving, consideration, dowry, wedding) and Old Norse gipt (gift, present, wedding); both from Proto-Germanic *giftiz (gift). Equivalent to give +‎ -th (etymologically yive + -th). Cognate with West Frisian jefte (gift), Saterland Frisian Gift (gift), German Low German Gift (poison), Dutch gift (gift) and its doublet gif (poison), German Gift (poison), Swedish gift (gift, poison, venom), Icelandic gift (gift). Doublet of yift.

Pronunciation

  • (US, UK) enPR: gĭft, IPA(key): /ɡɪft/
  • Rhymes: -ɪft

Noun

gift (plural gifts)

  1. Something given to another voluntarily, without charge.
  2. A talent or natural ability.
  3. Something gained incidentally, without effort.
  4. The act, right, or power of giving or bestowing.

Synonyms

  • (something freely given by another): See Thesaurus:gift For beneficial actions, see favor.
  • (something god-given): ability, aptitude, knack, talent, strength

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Japanese: ギフト (gifuto)

Translations

See also

  • lagniappe

Verb

gift (third-person singular simple present gifts, present participle gifting, simple past and past participle gifted)

  1. (transitive) To give as a gift or donation.
  2. (transitive) To give away, to concede easily.

Synonyms

  • contribute
  • donate
  • give

Related terms

Translations

Anagrams

  • T.G.I.F., TGIF

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡift/, [ɡ̊ifd̥]

Etymology 1

From German Gift (poison). Similar to the archaic gift (gift), a verbal noun to give (to give).

Noun

gift c (singular definite giften, plural indefinite gifte)

  1. poison (substance harmful to a living organism)
Inflection

Derived terms

See also

  • gift on the Danish Wikipedia.Wikipedia da

Etymology 2

Originally the past participle of gifte (marry).

Adjective

gift

  1. married
Inflection
Derived terms
  • ugift

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

gift

  1. imperative of gifte
  2. past participle of gifte

Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch gifte, from Old Dutch *gift, from Proto-Germanic *giftiz. The words gif and vergif, both meaning “poison”, derive from the same source as gift. The sense “poison” may have originated as a shortening of vergift or may have been borrowed from German Gift.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɣɪft/
  • Hyphenation: gift
  • Rhymes: -ɪft

Noun

gift f (plural giften, diminutive giftje n)

  1. donation; something given (away) voluntarily.
    Synonyms: cadeau, geschenk, schenking
Derived terms
  • grafgift
  • huwelijksgift

Noun

gift n or f (plural giften, diminutive giftje n)

  1. (dated) poison
    Synonyms: gif, venijn, vergif, vergift
Derived terms
  • giftig

Adjective

gift (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) poisonous, toxic, venomous
    Synonym: giftig

Inflection

Related terms

  • geven, gave
  • vergiftigen, ontgiften, begiftigen

Faroese

Noun

gift f (genitive singular giftar, uncountable)

  1. poison

Declension

Synonyms

  • eitur

Adjective

gift

  1. married, female form of giftur
    • Ert tú gift?
      Are you (f) married?

Declension


Icelandic

Etymology

From Old Norse gipt, from Proto-Germanic *giftiz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /cɪft/
  • Rhymes: -ɪft

Noun

gift f (genitive singular giftar, nominative plural giftir)

  1. (obsolete) gift
    Synonym: gjöf

Declension

Related terms

  • gifta

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

gift f or m (definite singular gifta or giften, indefinite plural gifter, definite plural giftene)

  1. poison (substance harmful to a living organism)

Derived terms

  • giftslange
  • giftstoff
  • rottegift

Related terms

  • forgifte
  • forgiftning
  • giftig

Adjective

gift (neuter singular gift, definite singular and plural gifte)

  1. married

Antonyms

  • ugift

Derived terms

  • nygift

Verb

gift

  1. imperative of gifte

References

  • “gift” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jɪft/

Etymology 1

From Old Norse gipt.

Noun

gift f (definite singular gifta, indefinite plural gifter, definite plural giftene)

  1. poison
Derived terms
  • giftslange
  • giftstoff
  • rottegift

Etymology 2

Past participle of gifta.

Adjective

gift (indefinite singular gift, definite singular and plural gifte)

  1. married

Participle

gift (definite singular and plural gifte)

  1. past participle of gifta and gifte
Alternative forms
  • gifta

Verb

gift

  1. imperative of gifta and gifte
  2. supine of gifta and gifte

References

  • “gift” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Alternative forms

  • ġyft

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *giftiz. Cognate with Old Frisian jeft, Old Saxon *gift (in sundargift (privilege, literally special gift)), Dutch gift, Old High German gift (German Gift), Old Norse gipt (> English gift), Gothic ???????????????????????????????? (fragifts).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jift/

Noun

ġift f (nominative plural ġifta)

  1. Payment for a wife.
  2. (in the plural) marriage, wedding

Declension

Descendants

  • Middle English: ȝift, ȝeft, gift (in part from Old Norse)
    • English: gift, yift
    • Scots: gyft, gift

Swedish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From German Gift.

Noun

gift n

  1. poison; venom; virus; toxin
    • 1968 Tove Jansson, Muminpappans memoarer, Holger Schildts Förlag (1991), →ISBN, page 126:
      Rådd-djuret gråter, sade Joxaren förebrående. Spöket har målat en dödskalle på kaffeburken och skrivit GIFT under och nu är Rådd-djuret utom sig och säger att har det inte gift sig förut så kommer det nu absolut aldrig att göra det!

      “The Muddler is crying,” said the Joxter reproachfully. “The ghost has painted a skull and crossbones and the word POISON on the Muddler’s coffee tin, and now the Muddler is beside himself and says that if it has not gotten married before it will absolutely never do it!”
Declension
Related terms
  • giftig

Etymology 2

From Old Norse gipta (give away in marriage), from Proto-Germanic *giftiz.

Adjective

gift (not comparable)

  1. married
    ett gift par

    a married couple
    Han är gift sedan tre år.

    He’s been married for three years.
    • 1968 Tove Jansson, Muminpappans memoarer, Holger Schildts Förlag (1991), →ISBN, page 126:
      Rådd-djuret gråter, sade Joxaren förebrående. Spöket har målat en dödskalle på kaffeburken och skrivit GIFT under och nu är Rådd-djuret utom sig och säger att har det inte gift sig förut så kommer det nu absolut aldrig att göra det!

      “The Muddler is crying,” said the Joxter reproachfully. “The ghost has painted a skull and crossbones and the word POISON on the Muddler’s coffee tin, and now the Muddler is beside himself and says that if it has not gotten married before it will absolutely never do it!”
Declension

Verb

gift

  1. imperative of gifta.
  2. past participle of gifta.
  3. supine of gifta.

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