enemy vs foe what difference

what is difference between enemy and foe

English

Alternative forms

  • enemie (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English enemy, enemye, enmy, borrowed from Old French enemi, anemi (Modern French ennemi), from Latin inimīcus, from in- (not) + amīcus (friend). Displaced Middle English feend (enemy), from Old English fēond (enemy), which survived into Modern English as fiend, but with a different meaning.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛnəmi/
  • Hyphenation: en‧e‧my

Noun

enemy (plural enemies)

  1. Someone who is hostile to, feels hatred towards, opposes the interests of, or intends injury to someone else.
    Synonyms: foe, unfriend, adversary, nemesis, backfriend
    Antonyms: ally, friend
  2. A hostile force or nation; a fighting member of such a force or nation.
    Synonyms: foe, adversary, nemesis
    Antonyms: ally, friend
  3. Something harmful or threatening to another
  4. (attributive) Of, by, relating to, or belonging to an enemy.

Usage notes

  • Singular and plural verbs can be used interchangeably when referring to sense 2, e.g. the enemy are retreating vs. the enemy is retreating.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • enmity
  • inimical

Translations

See also

  • nemesis

Verb

enemy (third-person singular simple present enemies, present participle enemying, simple past and past participle enemied)

  1. To make an enemy of.

Anagrams

  • Yemen, yemen

Middle English

Alternative forms

  • anemie, elmy, enemi, enemye, enimy, enme, enmie, enmij, enmy, enmye, enmye, enymy

Etymology

Borrowed from Old French enemi, anemi, from Latin inimīcus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛnɛmiː/, /ˈɛnmiː/

Noun

enemy (plural enemys)

  1. An enemy, foe, or adversary:
    1. An opponent of the true religion.
    2. A hostile combatant.
    3. (Christianity) The Devil; Satan.
  2. A malign or hostile force.
  3. Hostility; enmity.

Related terms

  • enemyte

Descendants

  • English: enemy
  • Scots: enemy

References

  • “enemī, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Old French

Noun

enemy m (oblique plural enemys, nominative singular enemys, nominative plural enemy)

  1. Alternative form of enemi

Descendants

  • English: enemy


English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /fəʊ/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /foʊ/
  • Rhymes: -əʊ
  • Homophone: faux

Etymology 1

From Middle English fo (foe; hostile), from earlier ifo (foe), from Old English ġefāh (enemy), from fāh (hostile), from Proto-West Germanic *faih, from Proto-Germanic *faihaz (compare Old Frisian fāch (punishable), Middle High German gevēch (feuder)), from Proto-Indo-European *peik/k̑- (to hate, be hostile) (compare Middle Irish óech (enemy, fiend), Lithuanian pìktas (evil)).

Adjective

foe

  1. (obsolete) Hostile.
    • , vol.1, ch.23:
      he, I say, could passe into Affrike onely with two simple ships or small barkes, to commit himselfe in a strange and foe countrie, to engage his person, under the power of a barbarous King [].

Translations

Noun

foe (plural foes)

  1. An enemy.
Synonyms
  • (enemy): adversary, enemy, opponent.
Antonyms
  • (enemy): ally, friend
Derived terms
  • befoe
Translations

Etymology 2

Acronym of fifty-one ergs., due to the value of a “foe”, 1 foe = 1051ergs; coined by Gerald Brown of Stony Brook University in his work with Hans Bethe.

Noun

foe (plural foes)

  1. A unit of energy equal to 1044 joules.
Synonyms
  • bethe (B)

Anagrams

  • EFO, EOF, OEF

Middle English

Noun

foe

  1. Alternative form of fo

Portuguese

Verb

foe

  1. Obsolete spelling of foi

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