engage vs engross what difference

what is difference between engage and engross

English

Alternative forms

  • ingage (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English engagen, from Old French engagier (to pledge, engage), from Frankish *anwadjōn (to pledge), from Proto-Germanic *an-, *andi- + Proto-Germanic *wadjōną (to pledge, secure), from Proto-Germanic *wadją (pledge, guarantee), from Proto-Indo-European *wedʰ- (to pledge, redeem a pledge; guarantee, bail), equivalent to en- +‎ gage. Cognate with Old English anwedd (pledge, security), Old English weddian (to engage, covenant, undertake), German wetten (to bet, wager), Icelandic veðja (to wager). More at wed.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪnˈɡeɪdʒ/, /ɛnˈɡeɪdʒ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪdʒ

Verb

engage (third-person singular simple present engages, present participle engaging, simple past and past participle engaged)

  1. (heading, transitive) To interact socially.
    1. To engross or hold the attention of; to keep busy or occupied.
    2. To draw into conversation.
      • the difficult task of engaging him in conversation
    3. To attract, to please; (archaic) to fascinate or win over (someone).
      • Good nature engages everybody to him.
  2. (heading) To interact antagonistically.
    1. (transitive) To enter into conflict with (an enemy).
      • 1698-1699, Edmund Ludlow, Memoirs
        a favourable opportunity of engaging the enemy
    2. (intransitive) To enter into battle.
  3. (heading) To interact contractually.
    1. (transitive) To arrange to employ or use (a worker, a space, etc.).
    2. (intransitive) To guarantee or promise (to do something).
    3. (transitive) To bind through legal or moral obligation (to do something, especially to marry) (usually in passive).
    4. (obsolete, transitive) To pledge, pawn (one’s property); to put (something) at risk or on the line; to mortgage (houses, land).
      • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.vii:
        Thou that doest liue in later times, must wage / Thy workes for wealth, and life for gold engage.
  4. (heading) To interact mechanically.
    1. To mesh or interlock (of machinery, especially a clutch).
    2. (engineering, transitive) To come into gear with.
      The teeth of one cogwheel engage those of another.
  5. (intransitive) To enter into (an activity), to participate (construed with in).
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To entangle.

Antonyms

  • (to cause to mesh or interlock): disengage

Derived terms

  • engagement
  • disengage
  • disengagement

Translations


French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɑ̃.ɡaʒ/

Verb

engage

  1. first-person singular present indicative of engager
  2. third-person singular present indicative of engager
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of engager
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of engager
  5. second-person singular imperative of engager

Anagrams

  • gagnée


English

Etymology

From Middle English engrossen, from Anglo-Norman engrosser (to gather in large quantities, draft something in final form); partly from the phrase en gros (in bulk, in quantity, at wholesale), from en- + gros; and partly from Medieval Latin ingrossō (thicken, write something large and in bold lettering, v.), from in- + grossus (great, big, thick), from Old High German grōz (big, thick, coarse), from Proto-West Germanic *graut, from Proto-Germanic *grautaz (large, great, thick, coarse grained, unrefined), from Proto-Indo-European *ghrewə- (to fell, put down, fall in). More at in-, gross.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪnˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɪŋˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɛnˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɛŋˈɡɹəʊs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪnˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɪŋˈɡɹəʊs/, /ɛnˈɡɹoʊs/, /ɛŋˈɡɹoʊs/
  • Rhymes: -əʊs

Verb

engross (third-person singular simple present engrosses, present participle engrossing, simple past and past participle engrossed)

  1. (transitive, now law) To write (a document) in large, aesthetic, and legible lettering; to make a finalized copy of.
    Coordinate term: longhand
    • 1846, Thomas De Quincey, “On Christianity, as an Organ of Political Movement”, in Tait’s Edinburgh Magazine:
      laws that may be engrossed upon a finger nail
  2. (transitive, business, obsolete) To buy up wholesale, especially to buy the whole supply of (a commodity etc.).
    Synonym: corner the market
  3. (transitive) To monopolize; to concentrate (something) in the single possession of someone, especially unfairly.
    • The Coral Islands are principally visited by the pearl-shell fishermen, who arrive in small schooners, carrying not more than five or six men. For a long while the business was engrossed by Merenhout, the French Consul at Tahiti, but a Dutchman by birth, who, in one year, is said to have sent to France fifty thousand dollars’ worth of shells.
  4. (transitive) To completely engage the attention of.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To thicken; to condense.
    Synonyms: inspissate; see also Thesaurus:thicken
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To make gross, thick, or large; to thicken; to increase in bulk or quantity.
  7. (obsolete) To amass.
    Synonyms: amound, hoard; see also Thesaurus:amass

Derived terms

  • engrossing

Related terms

  • gross

Translations

Further reading

  • Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “engross”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  • engrossing (law) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Gersons, Gonsers, Rogness, Songers, grossen, songers

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