engrossment vs immersion what difference

what is difference between engrossment and immersion

English

Etymology

engross +‎ -ment

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛnˈɡɹəʊsmənt/

Noun

engrossment (countable and uncountable, plural engrossments)

  1. (uncountable) The state of being engrossed; concentration or preoccupation.
  2. (countable) The fact or instance of writing in a legal document.


English

Etymology

From late Middle English, borrowed from Late Latin immersiō, immersiōnem (dipping).

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɪˈmɝʒən/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(r)ʒən

Noun

immersion (countable and uncountable, plural immersions)

  1. The act of immersing or the condition of being immersed.
    1. The total submerging of a person in water as an act of baptism.
      • 2016, Risto Uro, Ritual and Christian Beginnings, Oxford University Press (→ISBN), page 98:
        Jesus did not become known as a baptizer (cf. however John 3:26 and 4:1), but we can recognize the same ritual structure in his healing practice as in John’s immersion.
    2. Deep engagement in something.
      • 2016, David Waugh, Sally Neaum, Rosemary Waugh, Children’s Literature in Primary Schools (page 80)
        Recognising and knowing how to understand visual imagery in relation to a narrative in picture books is primarily a matter of immersion in books within a specific culture.
  2. (Britain, Ireland, informal) An immersion heater.
  3. (mathematics) A smooth map whose differential is everywhere injective, related to the mathematical concept of an embedding.
    • 2006, William F. Basener, Topology and Its Applications, John Wiley & Sons (→ISBN), page 82:
      Note that every embedding is an immersion, but the converse is not true. For an immersion to be an embedding, it must be one-to-one and the inverse must be continuous.
  4. (astronomy) The disappearance of a celestial body, by passing either behind another, as in the occultation of a star, or into its shadow, as in the eclipse of a satellite.
    Antonym: emersion
    • 2009, Steven Wepster, Between Theory and Observations, Springer Science (→ISBN), page 178:
      An occultation of a star by the moon provides two sharply defined observable phenomena: the disappearance of a star behind the disc of the moon (called its immersion), and its subsequent reappearance (or emersion).
  5. (education) A form of foreign-language teaching where the language is used intensively to teach other subjects to a student.
    • 2001, Mary Goebel Noguchi, Sandra Fotos, Studies in Japanese Bilingualism, Multilingual Matters (→ISBN), page 272:
      Although numerous studies have reported the effectiveness of immersion programmes in developing relatively high levels of second language proficiency without any tradeoff of first language development or subject matter mastery, little is known of immersion education in Japan.

Related terms

  • immerse
  • immersive

Translations

Further reading

  • Immersion in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)
  • immersion on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • “immersion”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Anagrams

  • semi-minor, semiminor

Finnish

Noun

immersion

  1. Genitive singular form of immersio.

Anagrams

  • seminormi

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Late Latin immersiō, immersiōnem.

Pronunciation

Noun

immersion f (plural immersions)

  1. immersion
  2. language immersion

Related terms

  • immerger

Further reading

  • “immersion” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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