enigma vs secret what difference

what is difference between enigma and secret

English

Alternative forms

  • ænigma (chiefly archaic)

Etymology

From Latin aenigma (riddle), being derived itself from the Ancient Greek verbal noun αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, speaking in riddles).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈnɪɡmə/, /əˈnɪɡmə/

Noun

enigma (plural enigmas or enigmata)

  1. Something or someone puzzling, mysterious or inexplicable.
  2. A riddle, or a difficult problem.

Related terms

  • a riddle wrapped up in an enigma
  • Enigma machine
  • enigmatic

Translations

References

Anagrams

  • gamine, imagen, in-game

Asturian

Etymology

From Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Noun

enigma m (plural enigmes)

  1. enigma

Related terms

  • enigmáticu

Basque

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish enigma, from Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Noun

enigma inan

  1. enigma

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central) IPA(key): /əˈniɡ.mə/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /eˈniɡ.ma/

Noun

enigma m (plural enigmes)

  1. enigma

Derived terms

  • enigmàtic

Further reading

  • “enigma” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

Esperanto

Etymology

enigmo +‎ -a

Pronunciation

Adjective

enigma (accusative singular enigman, plural enigmaj, accusative plural enigmajn)

  1. enigmatic

Finnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈeniɡmɑ/, [ˈe̞niɡmɑ]
  • Rhymes: -eniɡmɑ
  • Syllabification: e‧nig‧ma

Noun

enigma

  1. enigma

Declension


Galician

Etymology

From Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Noun

enigma m (plural enigmas)

  1. enigma

Related terms

  • enigmático

Italian

Etymology

From Latin ænigma, from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /eˈniɡ.ma/

Noun

enigma m (plural enigmi)

  1. enigma, riddle, conundrum
    Synonyms: giallo, mistero

Related terms

  • enigmatico
  • enigmista
  • enigmistica
  • enigmistico

References

Anagrams

  • Nimega, gemina, igname

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /eːˈniɡ.ma/, [eːˈnɪɡmä]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /eˈniɡ.ma/, [ɛˈniɡmɑ]

Noun

ēnigma n (genitive ēnigmatis); third declension

  1. Alternative form of aenigma

Declension

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).


Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Noun

enigma m (plural enigmas)

  1. enigma

Related terms

  • enigmático

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [eˈniɡma]

Noun

enigma f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of enigmă

Spanish

Etymology

From Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /eˈniɡma/, [eˈniɣ̞.ma]

Noun

enigma m (plural enigmas)

  1. enigma, conundrum (something that is puzzling)
  2. riddle, conundrum

Related terms

  • enigmático
  • enigmáticamente

Further reading

  • “enigma” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Anagrams

  • gemina


English

Etymology

From Middle English secrette, from Old French secret, from Latin sēcrētus (separated, hidden), from ptp of sēcernō (separate, to set aside, sunder out), from Latin cernō, from Proto-Indo-European *krey- . Displaced Old English dēagol (secret) and dēagolnes (a secret).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsiːkɹɪt/
  • (weak vowel merger) IPA(key): /ˈsiːkɹət/
  • (obsolete) IPA(key): /ˈsiːkɹɛt/
  • Hyphenation: se‧cret

Noun

secret (countable and uncountable, plural secrets)

  1. (countable) A piece of knowledge that is hidden and intended to be kept hidden. [from late 14th c.]
    • May 1 , 1750, Samuel Johnson, The Rambler No. 13
      To tell our own secrets is generally folly, but that folly is without guilt; to communicate those with which we are intrusted is always treachery
  2. The key or principle by which something is made clear; the knack.
    The secret to a long-lasting marriage is compromise.
  3. Something not understood or known.
  4. (uncountable) Private seclusion.
  5. (archaic, in the plural) The genital organs.
  6. (historical) A form of steel skullcap.
  7. (Christianity, often in the plural) Any prayer spoken inaudibly and not aloud; especially, one of the prayers in the Mass, immediately following the “orate, fratres”, said inaudibly by the celebrant.

Synonyms

  • dern

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Pitcairn-Norfolk: siikret
  • Cebuano: sekret

Translations

Adjective

secret (comparative more secret, superlative most secret)

  1. Being or kept hidden. [from late 14th c.]
  2. (obsolete) Withdrawn from general intercourse or notice; in retirement or secrecy; secluded.
    • 1716, Elijah Fenton, an ode to the Right Honourable John Lord Gower
      secret in her sapphire cell
  3. (obsolete) Faithful to a secret; not inclined to divulge or betray confidence; secretive, separate, apart.
  4. (obsolete) Separate; distinct.
    • 1678, Ralph Cudworth, The True Intellectual System of the Universe
      They suppose two other divine hypostases superior thereunto, which were perfectly secret from matter.

Alternative forms

  • secrette (obsolete)

Synonyms

  • see Thesaurus:hidden and Thesaurus:covert

Antonyms

  • overt

Derived terms

Related terms

  • secrete
  • secretion

Translations

Verb

secret (third-person singular simple present secrets, present participle (UK) secretting or (US) secreting, simple past and past participle (UK) secretted or (US) secreted)

  1. (transitive) To make or keep secret. [from late 16th c.]
    • 1984, Peter Scott Lawrence, Around the mulberry tree, Firefly Books, p. 26
      […] she would unfold the silk, press it with a smooth wooden block that she’d heated in the oven, and then once more secret it away.
    • 1986, InfoWorld, InfoWorld Media Group, Inc.
      Diskless workstations […] make it difficult for individuals to copy information […] onto a diskette and secret it away.
    • 1994, Phyllis Granoff & Koichi Shinohara, Monks and magicians: religious biographies in Asia, Mosaic Press, p. 50
      To prevent the elixir from reaching mankind and thereby upsetting the balance of the universe, two gods secret it away.
  2. (transitive) To hide secretly.
    He was so scared for his safety he secreted arms around the house.

Usage notes

  • All other dictionaries label this sense ‘obsolete’, but the citations above and on the citations page demonstrate recent usage as part of the idiom “secret [something] away”.
  • The present participle and past forms secreting and secreted are liable to confusion with the corresponding heteronymous forms of the similar verb secrete.

Quotations

  • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:secret.

Derived terms

  • secrete

References

  • †ˈsecret, v.” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary [2nd Ed.; 1989]
    Tagged as obsolete. Notes: “In the inflected forms it is not easy to distinguish between ˈsecret and secrete v.
  • Se”cret (?), v. t.” listed on page 1,301 of Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
    Se”cret (?), v. t. To keep secret. [Obs.] Bacon.

Anagrams

  • Cretes, certes, erects, resect, terces

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin secretus.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): /səˈkɾət/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /səˈkɾɛt/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /seˈkɾet/

Adjective

secret (feminine secreta, masculine plural secrets, feminine plural secretes)

  1. secret

Derived terms

  • secretament
  • secretisme

Noun

secret m (plural secrets)

  1. secret

Derived terms

  • en secret

Further reading

  • “secret” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “secret” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “secret” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “secret” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sə.kʁɛ/, (dated) /sə.ɡʁɛ/

Etymology 1

From Middle French secret, from Old French secret, borrowed from Latin secrētus.

Adjective

secret (feminine singular secrète, masculine plural secrets, feminine plural secrètes)

  1. secret

Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Old French secret, borrowed from Latin secrētum.

Noun

secret m (plural secrets)

  1. secret
  2. secrecy
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Romanian: secret

Anagrams

  • certes, crêtes, terces

Further reading

  • “secret” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Middle French

Etymology

From Old French secret.

Adjective

secret m (feminine singular secrete, masculine plural secrets, feminine plural secretes)

  1. secret

Descendants

  • French: secret
    • Romanian: secret

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from French secret, Latin secretum, secretus. Doublet of săcret, which was inherited.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /seˈkret/

Noun

secret n (plural secrete)

  1. secret

Declension

Synonyms

  • taină

Adjective

secret m or n (feminine singular secretă, masculine plural secreți, feminine and neuter plural secrete)

  1. secret, hidden

Declension

Synonyms

  • tainic, ascuns

Related terms

  • săcret

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