ennui vs tedium what difference

what is difference between ennui and tedium

English

Etymology

Borrowed from French ennui, from Old French enui (annoyance), from enuier (modern French ennuyer), from Late Latin inodiō, from Latin in odiō (hated). Doublet of annoy.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɒnˈwiː/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɑnˈwi/

Noun

ennui (countable and uncountable, plural ennuis)

  1. A gripping listlessness or melancholia caused by boredom; depression.

Quotations

  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:ennui.

Synonyms

  • acedia
  • weltschmerz
  • boredom

Related terms

Translations

Verb

ennui (third-person singular simple present ennuis, present participle ennuying, simple past and past participle ennuied or ennuyed)

  1. (transitive) To make bored or listless; to weary.

French

Etymology

From Old French enui, probably from the verb enuier.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɑ̃.nɥi/
  • Homophones: ennuie, ennuient, ennuies, ennuis
  • Rhymes: -ɥi

Noun

ennui m (plural ennuis)

  1. (uncountable) Boredom; lassitude.
    • 1832, Honoré de Balzac, La Femme de Trente Ans, Chapter 3,
      Notre ennui, nos mœurs fades sont le résultat du système politique. — Our boredom, our insipid customs, are the result of the political system.
  2. (uncountable) Trouble, issue, annoyance.
    • 1883, Emile Zola, La joie de vivre
      — Mon Dieu ! nous étions d’une inquiétude ! dit le père qui avait suivi son fils, malgré le vent. Qu’est-il donc arrivé ?
      — Oh ! des ennuis tout le temps, expliqua-t-elle. D’abord, les chemins sont si mauvais, qu’il a fallu près de deux heures pour venir de Bayeux. Puis, à Arromanches, voilà qu’un cheval de Malivoire se casse une patte ; et il n’a pu nous en donner un autre, j’ai vu le moment qu’il nous faudrait coucher chez lui… Enfin, le docteur a eu l’obligeance de nous prêter son cabriolet. Ce brave Martin nous a conduites…

      “We have been very anxious about you,” said the father, who had followed his son, in spite of the wind. “What has happened to make you so late ?”
      ” Oh ! we’ve had nothing but troubles,” she answered. “To begin with, the roads are so bad that it has taken us nearly two hours to come from Bayeux. Then, at Arromanches, one of Malivoire’s horses went lame and he couldn’t let us have another. At one time I really thought we should have to stay with him all night. But the Doctor was kind enough to offer us his gig, and Martin here has driven us home.”

Usage notes

  • In the sense of “trouble”, the word is almost solely used in the expression l’ennui avec (the trouble with) or as a plural tantum (see ennuis).

Related terms

  • ennuyer
  • ennuyeux

Further reading

  • “ennui” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Middle English

Noun

ennui

  1. Alternative form of anoy


English

Alternative forms

  • taedium
  • tædium (dated)

Etymology

Latin taedium, from taedēre (to weary).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈtiː.di.əm/
  • Rhymes: -iːdiəm

Noun

tedium (usually uncountable, plural tediums or tedia)

  1. Boredom or tediousness; ennui.
    • 1826, Mary Shelley, The Last Man, part 1, chapter 8
      Yet active life was the genuine soil for his virtues; and he sometimes suffered tedium from the monotonous succession of events in our retirement.
    • 1975, Saul Bellow, Humboldt’s Gift [Avon ed., 1976, p. 192]:
      Nothing actual ever suits pure expectation and such purity of expectation is a great source of tedium.

Synonyms

  • boredom, drudgery, ennui, tediousness

Related terms

  • taedium vitae
  • tedious

Translations


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